Volume 36, Issue 143 (August 2023)                   IJN 2023, 36(143): 226-237 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghaljeh M, Gholami R, Rezaee N. Effect of Psychological Immunization on Perceived Stress and Anxiety Caused by COVID-19 in Nurses of Psychiatric Departments in Zahedan, Iran. IJN 2023; 36 (143) :226-237
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3701-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, Community Nursing Research Center, Faculty of Midwifery and Nursing, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
2- Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Midwifery and Nursing, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
3- Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Community Nursing Research Center, Faculty of Midwifery and Nursing, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. , nasrin_rezaee2005@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2064 Views)
Background & Aims During the COVID-19 pandemic, nurses working in psychiatric departments were also involved, which affected their mental health. The present study aims to determine the effect of psychological immunization on perceived stress and anxiety caused by COVID-19 in nurses working in the psychiatry department of a hospital in Zahedan, Iran.
Materials & Methods This is a quasi-experimental study that was conducted from February to June 2022. Participants were 50 nurses from the psychiatry department of Baharan Hospital in Zahedan city who were selected by a census method, and were assigned to intervention and control groups. Data collection tools included a demographic form, the perceived stress scale, and the corona disease anxiety scale. The psychological immunization was provided in two four-hour workshops. Data analysis was done in SPSS software, version 16 using mean, standard deviation and chi-square test, independent t-test, paired t-test, and Fisher’s exact test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results Most of the nurses had an infection with COVID-19 and were vaccinated. The mean and score of anxiety decreased from 11.96±10.05 to 8.12±6.92 in the intervention group (P=0.004) and decreased from 11.84±10.26 to 8.40±6.51 in the control group (P=0.07). The mean score of perceived stress changed from 27.45±5.56 to 27.20±4.20 after intervention in the intervention group (P=0.8) and from 27.48±4.71 to 28.32±4.87 in the control group (P=0.43).
Conclusion The psychological immunization program has no significant effect on anxiety and stress caused by COVID-19 in nurses of psychiatric departments in Zahedan, Iran. It is recommended that psychiatric hospital managers should pay attention to the psychological problems of nurses at the beginning of the pandemic.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2023/06/8 | Accepted: 2023/08/23 | Published: 2023/09/1

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