Volume 35, Issue 138 (October 2022)                   IJN 2022, 35(138): 374-391 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghobadi A, Hajibabaee F, Emamzadeh Ghasemi H S, Hajrajabi A, Aryamloo P. The Components of Nursing Error Reporting in Selected Hospitals Affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020. IJN 2022; 35 (138) :374-391
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3501-en.html
1- Department of Critical Care and Nursing Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Critical Care and Nursing Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , emamzade@tums.ac.ir
3- Department of Statistics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.
4- Nursing Office, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (385 Views)
Background & Aims Error is considered as a part of reality and an integral part of human life. Error reporting is defined as a strategic indicator for error prevention. Nursing managers use management measures and strategies to create an climate in the workplace that nurses increase the rate of reporting errors. The purpose of this study was to determine of the components of nursing errors reporting in selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020.
Materials & Methods This research is a descriptive study. The research population includes nurses working in selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The number of samples was determined using the cochran formula, 336 were determined. Samples were selected by relative stratified random sampling method in July 2020.The tools used in the present study include Made Questionnaire the components of nursing errors reporting. Content validity of both questionnaires was confirmed by content validity method based on the view of 10 faculty members in the field of nursing care and nursing management. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the components of nursing errors reporting questionnaire (0.78) were measured. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and inferential tests such as Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Cramer's v and Mann-Whitney U using SPSS software, version 16.
Results According to the results,the mean scores of nursing errors were 80.3% and 32.64% of nurses revealed errors after observing them. Despite the positive nurses’ attitudes toward nursing errors reporting,"fear" and "Managerial barriers" is the most prominent barrier contributing to underreporting. There were significant relationships between nursing errors reporting and hospital ward type, education, nursing error experience, errors reporting method and job experience(P˂0.001).
Conclusion Based on the results of the study, creating an anonymous, effective and efficient system for reporting and recording nursing errors, in order to prevent errors, is a necessity in nursing management. Managers have a systematic perspective to identify the factors affecting the occurrence of errors along with their positive reaction and supportive behaviors to the reported errors of nurses can create a culture of fearless learning at the department and organization level and overcome Barriers to reporting nursing errors.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2021/11/18 | Accepted: 2022/10/23 | Published: 2022/10/23

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