Volume 36, Issue 143 (August-In Press 2023)                   IJN 2023, 36(143): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahmadi L, Haririan H, Hassankhani H. Relationship between Treatment Adherence and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease among Patients with Coronary Artery Stent: A Descriptive Study. IJN 2023; 36 (143)
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3711-en.html
1- Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. , houman.haririan@gmail.com
3- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Abstract:   (283 Views)
Background & Aims: One of the concerns of nurses and physicians is the adherence of cardiac patients to prescribed treatment. In order to evaluate the risk of cardiovascular disease, the Framingham risk scale is widely used. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between treatment adherence and the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients having coronary artery stent.
Methods: This is a descriptive study, which was conducted from June to September 2020 in Shahid Madani hospital, Tabriz. 200 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention during the past year were included in the study by simple random sampling method. In order to collect research data, demographic questionnaire, treatment adherence questionnaire and Framingham risk scale were used. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 22 software. Frequency distribution was used in descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to compare study variables.
Results: The overall mean of treatment adherence was 41.50 ± 8.48, which indicated their moderate adherence status. Patients were not in a good condition regarding fat consumption and regular exercise. Men were twice as likely to have cardiovascular disease than women, and there was a significant association between treatment adherence and cardiovascular disease risk (p<0.001 , r= 0.25).
Conclusion: Adhering to the diet (especially reducing the consumption of harmful fats) and having a continuous and regular physical activity by patients with coronary artery stents improves their treatment adherence status and this could to some extent reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Due to the fact that nurses spend more time with patients, they can better recognize the educational needs of patients and improve their adherence to treatment and quality of life by educating and following up on their condition.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2023/07/12 | Accepted: 2023/08/23 | Published: 2023/08/23

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