Volume 36, Issue 141 (April 2023)                   IJN 2023, 36(141): 26-39 | Back to browse issues page


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Mollaahmadi G, Karimi M, Haghani S, Gharacheh M. The Relationship between Job Stress and Job Burnout among Primary Health Care Workers (Behvarz) at Saveh University of Medical Sciences. IJN 2023; 36 (141) :26-39
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3698-en.html
1- Department of Community Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Basic Science, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran.
3- Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , gharacheh.m@gmail.com
Abstract:   (634 Views)
Background & Aims Due to having multiple tasks in ensuring the health of patients, primary healthcare workers are under many stresses that may lead to job burnout. The present study aims to determine the relationship between occupational stress and job burnout of primary healthcare workers. 
Materials & Methods This descriptive, correlational study was conducted in 2019 on 128 primary healthcare workers in Saveh and Zarandieh cities, who were selected by a census method. Data was collected by a demographic form, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and Spielberger’s job stress survey (JSS). Descriptive statistics were used to describe the data, and independent t-test, analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation test were used to analyze data in SPSS software, version 18.
Results The mean score of JSS was 140.7±48.6, which was lower the median score (150). The mean frequency score was 23.43±8.3 for the MBI dimension of emotional exhaustion, 17±4.78 for depersonalization, and 14.43±6.74 for personal accomplishment. Occupational stress had a positive and significant relationship with the frequency of emotional exhaustion (r=0.59, P<0.001) and depersonalization (r=0.22, P<0.001), and a negative and significant relationship with the frequency of personal accomplishment (r=-0.47, P<0.001). This indicates that with the increase of occupational stress, the frequency of job burnout in two dimensions of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increases, while the frequency of personal accomplishment decreases.
Conclusion Primary healthcare workers in the study region have moderate occupational stress and a high level of job burnout in the areas of depersonalization and personal accomplishment. Considering the high level of job burnout and its relationship with occupational stress in these healthcare workers, and the fact that these factors can have a negative impact on the quality of healthcare services, it is necessary to carry out necessary interventions to reduce and manage occupational stress and job burnout of primary healthcare workers.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2023/06/7 | Accepted: 2023/04/21 | Published: 2023/05/1

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