Volume 35, Issue 135 (April 2022)                   IJN 2022, 35(135): 28-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Banazadeh M, Oskouie F, Khanjari S. Organizational Factors Affecting Parents’ Participation in Decision-Making for Neonates With Life-threatening Conditions: A Grounded Theory Study. IJN 2022; 35 (135) :28-45
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3515-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric and Neonates, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
2- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , Oskouie.f@iums.ac.ir
3- Department of Pediatric, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1476 Views)
Background & Aims: Parental participation in decision-making for neonates with life-threatening conditions is morally and ethically approved. The health care team in the neonatal intensive care units is not prepared to involve parents in these decisions. Identifying factors affecting parental participation in decision-making can lead to removing the barriers and improving parents’ participation. The present study aimed to identify organizational factors influencing parents’ participation in decision-making for neonates with life-threatening conditions.
Materials & Methods: This study is part of a comprehensive project based on Corbin and Straus’s approach to grounded theory (GT) methodology (Corbin & Strauss, 2015) explored the process of parental participation in DM for neonates with LTC. Participants included 23 people (10 parents, 10 healthcare providers, 1 official in the Neonatal Health Office of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, 1 professor of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law, and 1 insurance agent). The study field included level III neonatal intensive care units of 4 teaching hospitals. Data were collected using in-depth, semi-structured interviews and observation and simultaneously were analyzed through constant comparison utilizing the approach of Corbin and Strauss, 2015. The core category and the related categories reflecting contextual and structural factors, parents’ strategies, and the outcome of the adopted strategies were identified. The contextual and structural classification reflected various factors affecting parents’ participation in DM. Since it was impossible to publish all findings in one article, the current study focused on the organizational factors influencing parents’ participation in DM.
Results: Organizational factors affecting the process of parental participation in decision-making consisted of 5 main categories, including 1) power imbalances, 2) ethics committees’ deficiencies, 3) hospital regulations deficiencies, 4) resource constraints, and 5) ongoing hospitalization, the only choice. 
Conclusion: Organizational factors play an important role in parental participation in decision-making. Providing parents of neonates with life-threatening conditions with accommodation and, developing instructions to encourage the presence of parents in the hospital, creating rules for selecting NICU nurses is necessary. Employing an interdisciplinary team of psychologists, social workers, and trained individuals to provide parents with spiritual care is recommended. Appointing hospital ethics committees to investigate cases of critically ill infants and employing experienced and knowledgeable ethicians about the end-of-life issues in these committees are also recommended. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2021/12/13 | Accepted: 2022/04/21 | Published: 2022/05/1

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