Volume 30, Issue 108 (October 2017)                   IJN 2017, 30(108): 33-43 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Borji M, Tarjoman A, Otaghi M, Salimi E, Naseri A. Health Literacy Level and its Related Factors among the Elderlies in Ilam in 2015. IJN 2017; 30 (108) :33-43
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2515-en.html
1- MS in Nursing, Nursing Department, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
3- PhD Candidate in Nursing, Nursing Department, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran. (Corresponding Author) Tel: 09183450601 Email:otaghi-m@medilam.ac.ir
4- Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (7749 Views)
Background & Aim: People with low health literacy have less knowledge about their health status, receive fewer preventive services, and their chronic diseases are less controlled. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between health literacy and physical health status of the elderlies in Ilam in 2015.
Materials & Methods: In this descriptive study, 250 elderlies were selected by two-stage cluster sampling in Ilam. The tools were Adult Health Literacy Questionnaire, Activities of Daily Living (ADL), And questions about the physical performance of the SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire. Validity and reliability of these tools have been confirmed in previous studies. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16, statistical t-test (for variables in the two groups) and ANOVA (for variables more than the two groups).
Results: The results showed that 50.4% of the elderlies had inadequate health literacy. There were significant relationships between health literacy and age, sex, occupation, education, residence, previous chronic disease and readmission (P < 0.05); however, there was no significant relationship between health literacy and income. The elderlies who were independent or had any limitations in physical activity had higher health literacy (P= 0.001).
Conclusion: Regarding the low level of health literacy of older people in Ilam, it is necessary to implement interventions to enhance their health literacy for improving their physical health status and, consequently, the quality of their lives.  
Full-Text [PDF 661 kb]   (4000 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/07/12 | Accepted: 2017/10/12 | Published: 2017/10/12

1. SaeediKoupai M, Motaghi M. [Comparing Health Literacy in High School Female Students and Their Mothers Regarding Womens Health]. Journal of Health Literacy. 2017;1(4):220-9.
2. Mozafari M, Borji M. [Assessing the health literacy level of parents in School children ilam in 2015]. J Nurs Educ. 2017;5(6):53-61. [DOI:10.21859/jne-05068]
3. Kindig DA, Panzer AM, Nielsen-Bohlman L. Health literacy: a prescription to end confusion: National Academies Press; 2004.
4. Reisi M, Javadzade SH, Mostafavi F, Sharifirad G, Radjati F, Hasanzade A. [Relationship between health literacy, health status, and healthy behaviors among older adults in Isfahan, Iran]. Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2012;1(1):31. [DOI:10.4103/2277-9531.100160] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Peerson A, Saunders M. Health literacy revisited: what do we mean and why does it matter? Health promotion international. 2009;24(3):285-96. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/dap014] [PMID]
6. Chew LD, Bradley KA, Boyko EJ. Brief questions to identify patients with inadequate health literacy. Health (N Y). 2004;11:12.
7. Corrigan JM, Adams K. Priority areas for national action: transforming health care quality: National Academies Press; 2003.
8. Chehri M, Najafi Mehri S, Ebadi A, Sarhangi F. [Assessing the health literacy level of parents of preschool children]. Iran J Pediatr Nurs. 2015;4(1):1-10.
9. von Wagner C, Knight K, Steptoe A, Wardle J. Functional health literacy and health-promoting behaviour in a national sample of British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(12):1086-90. [DOI:10.1136/jech.2006.053967] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Eshaghi SR, Shahsanai A, Ardakani MM. [Assessment of the Physical Activity of Elderly Population of Isfahan, Iran]. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2011;29(147).
11. Seyedrasooli E, Valizadeh L, Nasiri K, Zamanzadeh V, Goljariyan S, Ghasemi O. [The effect of reflexology on sleep quality of elderly: a single–blind clinical trial]. 2013.
12. Tehrani Banihashemi S, Amirkhani M, Haghdoost A, Alavian S, Asgharifard H, Baradaran H. [Health literacy in the five provinces of the country and its effective factors]. Journal of Medical Education Development Center. 2007;4(1):1-9.
13. Mohseni M, Khanjani N, Iranpour A, Tabe R, Borhaninejad VR. [The Relationship Between Health Literacy and Health Status Among Elderly People in Kerman]. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2015;10(2):146-55.
14. Montazeri A, Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M, Gandek B. [The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study of the Iranian version]. Qual Life Res. 2005;14(3):875-82. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-004-1014-5] [PMID]
15. Tavousi M, Haeri Ma, Rafiefar S, Solimanian A, Sarbandi F, Ardestani M, et al. [Health literacy in Iran: findings from a National study]. 2016.
16. Mollakhalili H, Papi A, Zare-Farashbandi F, Sharifirad G, HasanZadeh A. [A survey on health literacy of inpatient's educational hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2012]. Journal of education and health promotion. 2014;(3):66. [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Afshari M, Khazaei S, Bahrami M, Merati H. [Investigating adult health literacy in Tuyserkan City]. J Educ Community Health. 2014;1(2):48-55. [DOI:10.20286/jech-010248]
18. Mozafari M, Borji M. [Assessing the health literacy level of parents in School children ilam in 2015]. J Nurs Educ. 2017;5(6):53-61. [DOI:10.21859/jne-05068]
19. Nekoei-Moghadam M, Parva S, Amiresmaili M, Baneshi M. [Health Literacy and Utilization of health Services in Kerman urban Area 2011]. Tolue Behdasht Journal. 2012;11(14):123-34.
20. Lee S-YD, Tsai T-I, Tsai Y-W, Kuo KN. Health literacy, health status, and healthcare utilization of Taiwanese adults: results from a national survey. BMC Public Health. 2010;10(1):614. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-10-614] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. Ghanbari S, Majlessi F, Ghaffari M, Mahmoodi Majdabadi M. [Evaluation of health literacy of pregnant women in urban health centers of Shahid Beheshti Medical University]. Daneshvar. 2012;19(97):1-12.
22. Khosravi A, Ahmadzadeh K. [Investigating health literacy Level of patients referred to Bushehr hospitals and recognizing its effective factors]. ISMJ. 2016;18(6):1245-53.
23. Nejati V. [Assessing the health status of elderly people in the province of Qom (2007)]. The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 2009;13(1):67-73.
24. Borji M, Bastami M, Bastami Y, Azami M, Tavan H. [Physical activity among elderly people with heart disease]. Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2015;4(2):54-61.
25. Ardebili HE, Ardebili HE, Khatti Deizabadi F, Batebi A, Shojaiezadeh D, Yazdani Cherati J. [Frequency of Functional and Cognitive Impairment and Relevant Factors in Aging]. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2013;22(96):115-25

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb