Volume 30, Issue 106 (June 2017)                   IJN 2017, 30(106): 57-67 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khanjari S, Mosavipoor S, Oskouie F, Haghani H. Quality of Life and Sense of Coherence in the Mothers with Term and Preterm Infants. IJN 2017; 30 (106) :57-67
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2450-en.html
1- Assitant Professor, Nursing Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- MS in Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding Author) Tel: 09122868938 Email: somayyeh.mosavipoor@gmail.com
3- Professor, Nursing Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Senior Lecturer, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (6960 Views)
Background & Aim: The birth of a preterm infant is a stressful event for parents and affects the quality of life especially in mothers. The present study aimed to compare the quality of life and sense of coherence among the mothers with term and preterm infants.
Methods & Materials: This is a comparative study conducted on 50 mothers with term infant and 50 mothers with preterm infant. Data collection instruments were the WHO Quality of Life questionnaire and SOC-13 questionnaire which were evaluated in the two groups. T test, exact Fisher test, Chi-square and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data on the SPSS software version 19.
Results: The study revealed that the sense of physical health among the mothers with term infant was higher than that of the mothers with preterm infant (P<0.017). In the group of mothers with term infant, there was a statistically significant relationship between all the dimensions of quality of life and sense of coherence (P<0.001),which was also reported in the group of mothers with preterm infant, except for physical health dimension (P<0.499).
Conclusion: In terms of the physical health dimension of quality of life, mothers with preterm infant need appropriate care and planning to enhance their quality of life and sense of coherence.
Full-Text [PDF 599 kb]   (2215 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/03/16 | Accepted: 2017/06/17 | Published: 2017/06/17

1. Lee S-Y, Hsu H-C. Stress and health-related well-being among mothers with a low birth weight infant: The role of sleep. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74(7):958-65. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.12.030] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Jotzo M, Poets CF. Helping parents cope with the trauma of premature birth: an evaluation of a trauma-preventive psychological intervention. Pediatrics. 2005;115(4):915-9. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2004-0370] [PMID]
3. Spielman V, Taubman-Ben-Ari O. Parental self-efficacy and stress-related growth in the transition to parenthood: A comparison between parents of pre-and full-term babies. Health Soc Work. 2009;34(3):201-12. [DOI:10.1093/hsw/34.3.201] [PMID]
4. Cockcroft S. How can family centred care be improved to meet the needs of parents with a premature baby in neonatal intensive care? J Neonatal Nurs. 2012;18(3):105-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.jnn.2011.07.008]
5. Beck S, Wojdyla D, Say L, Betran AP, Merialdi M, Requejo JH, et al. The worldwide incidence of preterm birth: a systematic review of maternal mortality and morbidity. Bull World Health Organ. 2010;88(1):31-8. [DOI:10.2471/BLT.08.062554] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Howson CP, Kinney MV, McDougall L, Lawn JE. Born too soon: preterm birth matters. Reproductive health. 2013;10(1):S1. Blencowe H, Cousens S, Chou D, Oestergaard M, Say L, Moller A-B, et al. Born too soon: the global epidemiology of 15 million preterm births. Reproductive health. 2013;10(1):S2.
7. Kang BH, Jung KA, Hahn WH, Shim KS, Chang JY, Bae CW. Regional analysis on the incidence of preterm and low birth weight infant and the current situation on the neonatal intensive care units in Korea, 2009. J Korean Soc Neonatol. 2011;18(70):5-15. [DOI:10.5385/jksn.2011.18.1.70]
8. Pourarian S, Vafafar A, Zareh Z. [The incidence of prematurity in the Hospital of Shiraz university of medical sciences and health services, 1999]. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2002;9(28):19-25.
9. Mardanian F, Shahzamani S. [Frequency of Preterm Delivery and Premature Infants Requiring Intensive Cares at a Referral Hospital in Isfahan, Iran]. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2011;28(113):734-8.
10. Arockiasamy V, Holsti L, Albersheim S. Fathers' experiences in the neonatal intensive care unit: a search for control. Pediatrics. 2008;121(2):e215-e22. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2007-1005] [PMID]
11. Trombini E, Surcinelli P, Piccioni A, Alessandroni R, Faldella G. Environmental factors associated with stress in mothers of preterm newborns. Acta Paediatr. 2008;97(7):894-8. [DOI:10.1111/j.1651-2227.2008.00849.x] [PMID]
12. Niknajad A, Ghojazadeh M, Sattarzadeh N, Hashemi FB, Shahgholi FDK. Factors affecting the neonatal intensive care unit stay duration in very low birth weight premature infants. Journal of caring sciences. 2012;1(2):85-92. [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Butler AS, Behrman RE. Preterm birth: causes, consequences, and prevention: National Academies Press; 2007; Chapter 12. p. 398–429. [PMCID]
14. Wallander JL, Taylor WC, Grunbaum JA, Franklin FA, Harrison GG, Kelder SH, et al. Weight Status, Quality of Life, and Self‐concept in African American, Hispanic, and White Fifth‐grade Children. Obesity. 2009;17(7):1363-8. [DOI:10.1038/oby.2008.668]
15. Hill PD, Aldag JC. Maternal perceived quality of life following childbirth. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2007;36(4):328-34. [DOI:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2007.00164.x] [PMID]
16. Darcy JM, Grzywacz JG, Stephens RL, Leng I, Clinch CR, Arcury TA. Maternal depressive symptomatology: 16-month follow-up of infant and maternal health-related quality of life. J Am Board Fam Med. 2011;24(3):249-57. [DOI:10.3122/jabfm.2011.03.100201] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Feldt T, Leskinen E, Koskenvuo M, Suominen S, Vahtera J, Kivimäki M. Development of sense of coherence in adulthood: A person-centered approach. The population-based HeSSup cohort study. Qual Life Res. 2011;20(1):69-79. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-010-9720-7] [PMID]
18. Delgado C. Sense of coherence, spirituality, stress and quality of life in chronic illness. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2007;39(3):229-34. [DOI:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2007.00173.x] [PMID]
19. Müller J, Hess J, Hager A. Sense of coherence, rather than exercise capacity, is the stronger predictor to obtain health-related quality of life in adults with congenital heart disease. Eur J Prev Cardiology. 2014;21(8):949-55. [DOI:10.1177/2047487313481753] [PMID]
20. Eriksson M, Lindström B. Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale and its relation with quality of life: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(11):938-44. [DOI:10.1136/jech.2006.056028] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. Mizuno E, Iwasaki M, Sakai I, Kamizawa N. Sense of coherence and quality of life in family caregivers of persons with schizophrenia living in the community. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2012;26(4):295-306. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2012.01.003] [PMID]
22. Endler PC, Haug TM, Spranger H. Sense of Coherence and Physical Health. A "Copenhagen Interpretation" of Antonovsky's SOC Concept. The Scientific World Journal. 2008;8:451-3. [DOI:10.1100/tsw.2008.59] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Antonovsky A. Unraveling the mystery of health: How people manage stress and stay well: Jossey-Bass; 1987.
24. Sarenmalm EK, Browall M, Persson LO, Fall‐Dickson J, Gaston‐Johansson F. Relationship of sense of coherence to stressful events, coping strategies, health status, and quality of life in women with breast cancer. Psycho‐Oncology. 2013;22(1):20-7. [DOI:10.1002/pon.2053] [PMID]
25. Jafari Mianaei S, Alaei Karahroudi F, Rasouli M. [Study of the impacts of rehabilitation program on mothers with premature hospitalized infants]. Journal Of Ethics In Education. 2013;1(1):29-37.
26. Symon A, MacDonald A, Ruta D. Postnatal Quality of Life Assessment: Introducing the Mother‐Generated Index. Birth. 2002;29(1):40-6. [DOI:10.1046/j.1523-536X.2002.00154.x] [PMID]
27. Testa MA, Simonson DC. Assessment of quality-of-life outcomes. N Engl J Med. 1996;334(13):835-40. [DOI:10.1056/NEJM199603283341306] [PMID]
28. Lindberg B, Öhrling K. An internet-based intervention program for supporting families with prematurely born infants. Open Journal of Nursing. 2012;2(02):72-8. [DOI:10.4236/ojn.2012.22012]
29. Togari T, Sato M, Otemori R, Yonekura Y, Yokoyama Y, Kimura M, et al. Sense of coherence in mothers and children, family relationships and participation in decision-making at home: an analysis based on Japanese parent–child pair data. Health promotion international. 2011;27(2):148-56. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/daq081] [PMID]
30. Usefy A, Ghassemi GR, Sarrafzadegan N, Mallik S, Baghaei A, Rabiei K. Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF in an Iranian adult sample. Community Ment Health J. 2010;46(2):139-47. [DOI:10.1007/s10597-009-9282-8] [PMID]
31. WHOQOL-BREF W. Introduction, Administration, Scoring and Generic Version of the Assessment—Field Trial Version. Geneva, Switzerland. 1996.
32. Nejat S, Montazeri A, Halakui K. [Standardization of WHO's life quality questionnaire; Translation & psychometry of the Iranian type]. Journal of Health faculty and health research. 2005; 4: 1-2.
33. Eriksson M, Lindström B, Lilja J. A sense of coherence and health. Salutogenesis in a societal context: Åland, a special case? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(8):684-8. [DOI:10.1136/jech.2006.047498] [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Eriksson M, Lindström B. Validity of Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale: a systematic review. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005;59(6):460-6. [DOI:10.1136/jech.2003.018085] [PMID] [PMCID]
35. Rohani C, Khanjari S, Abedi HA, Oskouie F, Langius‐Eklöf A. Health index, sense of coherence scale, brief religious coping scale and spiritual perspective scale: Psychometric properties. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66(12):2796-806. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05409.x] [PMID]
36. Khanjari S, Oskouie F, Langius-Eklöf A. Lower sense of coherence, negative religious coping, and disease severity as indicators of a decrease in quality of life in Iranian family caregivers of relatives with breast cancer during the first 6 months after diagnosis. Cancer Nurs. 2012;35(2):148-56. [DOI:10.1097/NCC.0b013e31821f1dda] [PMID]
37. Sharma M, Sohi I. Quality of life of mothers of preterm and term babies. Journal of Neonatology. 2007;21(4):281-4.
38. Brooten D, Gennaro S, Brown LP, Butts P, Gibbons AL, Bakewell-Sachs S, et al. Anxiety, depression, and hostility in mothers of preterm infants. Nurs Res. 1988;37(4):213-6. [DOI:10.1097/00006199-198807000-00008] [PMID]
39. Judge TA, Ilies R, Dimotakis N. Are health and happiness the product of wisdom? The relationship of general mental ability to educational and occupational attainment, health, and well-being. J Appl Psychol. 2010;95(3):454. [DOI:10.1037/a0019084] [PMID]
40. Rijlaarsdam J, Tiemeier H, Hofman A, Jaddoe VW, Mackenbach JP, Verhulst FC, et al. Home environments of infants: relations with child development through age 3. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013;67(1):14-20. [DOI:10.1136/jech-2012-200987] [PMID]
41. Witt WP, Litzelman K, Spear HA, Wisk LE, Levin N, McManus BM, et al. Health-related quality of life of mothers of very low birth weight children at the age of five: results from the newborn lung project statewide cohort study. Qual Life Res. 2012;21(9):1565-76. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-011-0069-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
42. Gray PH, Edwards DM, O'Callaghan MJ, Cuskelly M. Parenting stress in mothers of preterm infants during early infancy. Early Hum Dev. 2012;88(1):45-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2011.06.014] [PMID]
43. Ishizaki Y, Nagahama T, Kaneko K. Mental health of mothers and their premature infants for the prevention of child abuse and maltreatment. Health (N Y). 2013;5(03):612. [DOI:10.4236/health.2013.53A081]
44. Brandon DH, Tully KP, Silva SG, Malcolm WF, Murtha AP, Turner BS, et al. Emotional responses of mothers of late‐preterm and term infants. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2011;40(6):719-31. [DOI:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2011.01290.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
45. Sjöström H, Langius‐Eklöf A, Hjertberg R. Well‐being and sense of coherence during pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004;83(12):1112-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0001-6349.2004.00153.x [DOI:10.1080/j.0001-6349.2004.00153.x] [PMID]
46. Ngai F-W, Ngu S-F. Family sense of coherence and quality of life. Qual Life Res. 2013;22(8):2031-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-012-0336-y] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb