Volume 28, Issue 97 (December 2015)                   IJN 2015, 28(97): 66-76 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khajeh N, Shayof D. The Predictive Role of Parenting Styles in Emotional Intelligence of Students. IJN 2015; 28 (97) :66-76
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2238-en.html
1- PhD in Educational Psychology, Department of Educational Psychology, Institute of Development of Education, Tajikistan Academy of Education, Doshanbeh, Tajikistan)*Corresponding author). Tel: +98 09111718961 Email: Nazanin.Khajeh@yahoo.com
2- PhD in Educational Psychology, Department of Educational Psychology, Institute of Development of Education, Tajikistan Academy of Education, Doshanbeh, Tajikistan.
Abstract:   (7165 Views)


Background & Aim: Emotional intelligence plays a role in the all aspects of individual life through using emotions in gaining motivation and effective communication. The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictive role of parenting styles in student emotional intelligence.

Materials & Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. Statistical population was including the entire girls and boys student in the Middle Schools of Gorgan city in 2010-2011 and 387 individuals (196 girls and 191 boys) were selected through multi-stage clustering sampling method. The study instruments were Baumrind Parenting Styles and Bar-An Emotion Quotient Intelligence questionnaires a. Data were analyzed by SPSS v20.

Results: The results showed that parenting styles had a significant relationship with emotional intelligence of students, and they predicted 0.87 the variance of emotional intelligence. Also, the authoritative parenting styles were the strongest predictor of emotional intelligence among students with 0.71 positive predictive values. Authoritarian and permissive parenting styles explained the variations of emotional intelligence with negative prediction values of 0.62 and 0.26, respectively.

Conclusion: Based on our results, parenting styles is an important agent in predicting emotional intelligence of students. Therefore it is proposed that school counselors teach proper parenting in order to improve emotional intelligence of students.

Full-Text [PDF 769 kb]   (3646 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2015/09/19 | Accepted: 2015/12/21 | Published: 2015/12/21

1. Bahrami N, Najafvand Derikvandi S, Bahrami S, Karami Varnamkhsti P, Mehdi Pourkoorani L. [The Status of Emotional Intelligence and its Association with Demographic Variables among Students of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in 2013]. Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal. 2015;14(3):283-93.
2. Akbari M, Rezaeian H, Modi M. [Investigation of emotional intelligence of students of Arak University and its relationship with computer anxiety]. Periodical of mental health principles. 2007;9(35-36):129-34.
3. Goleman D, Boyatzis R, McKee A. Primal leadership: Unleashing the power of emotional intelligence: 10th ed. Harvard Business School Press: 2013; pp:102
4. Benson G, Ploeg J, Brown B. A cross-sectional study of emotional intelligence in baccalaureate nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2010;30(1):49-53. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2009.06.006] [PMID]
5. Por J, Barriball L, Fitzpatrick J, Roberts J. Emotional intelligence: Its relationship to stress, coping, well-being and professional performance in nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2011;31(8):855-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2010.12.023] [PMID]
6. Arefnasab Z, Zare H, Babamahmoodi A. [Emotional Intelligence and Problem Solving Strategy: Comparative Study Basedon" Tower of Hanoi" Test]. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2012;6(2):62. [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Chew BH, Zain AM, Hassan F. Emotional intelligence and academic performance in first and final year medical students: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med Educ. 2013;13(1):1. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6920-13-44] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Shechory-Bitton M, David SB, Sommerfeld E. Effect of Ethnicity on Parenting Styles and Attitudes Toward Violence Among Jewish and Arab Muslim Israeli Mothers An Intergenerational Approach. J Cross Cult Psychol. 2015;46(4):508-24. [DOI:10.1177/0022022115576001]
9. Webster-Stratton C, Herman KC. The impact of parent behavior-management training on child depressive symptoms. J Couns Psychol. 2008;55(4):473-84. [DOI:10.1037/a0013664] [PMID]
10. Baumrind D. The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. J Early Adolesc. 1991; 11(1):56-95. [DOI:10.1177/0272431691111004]
11. Sepehrian F, Saribagloo JA, Mahmoudi H, Ketabi A. [Parenting styles and adolescents' self-esteem: Mediatory role of satisfying basic psychological needs]. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2013;7(2):151-8.
12. Turner EA, Chandler M, Heffer RW. The influence of parenting styles, achievement motivation, and self-efficacy on academic performance in college students. J Coll Stud Dev. 2009;50(3):337-46. [DOI:10.1353/csd.0.0073]
13. Suchman NE, Luthar SS. Maternal addiction, child maladjustment and socio-demographic risks: Implications for parenting behaviors. Addiction. 2000; 95(9): 1417-28. [DOI:10.1046/j.1360-0443.2000.959141711.x]
14. Dwairy M. Parenting styles and mental health of Palestinian-Arab adolescents in Israel. Transcult Psychiatry. 2004; 41(2):233-52. [DOI:10.1177/1363461504043566] [PMID]
15. Nastas L-E, Sala K. Adolescents' emotional intelligence and parental styles. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2012;33:478-82. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.167]
16. Joshi D, Dutta I. A Correlative Study of Mother Parenting Style and Emotional Intelligence of Adolescent Learner. IJISR. 2015; 13(1): 145-51.
17. Asghari MS, Besharat MA. [The relation of perceived parenting with emotional intelligence]. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011;30:231-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.046]
18. Sarhaddi M. [Evaluation the relationship between parenting styles and emotional intelligence of gifted and normal students in high Schools of zahedan]. RRAMT.2014; 40(1): 94-9.
19. Mohammadyari G. [The Relationship Between Parental Style and Emotional Intelligence among Students of Payame Noor University]. Proceeding of the Global Summit on Education. 2013: 853-8.
20. Sarmad Z, Bazargan A, Hejazi E. [Research methods in behavioral sciences]. Tehran: Agah Publications. 2004.
21. Ghasemi Jobaneh R, Arab Zadeh M, Jalili Nikoo S, Mohammad Alipoor Z, Mohsenzadeh F. [Survey the validity and reliability of the persian version of short form of freiburg mindfulness inventory]. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2015;14(2):137-50.
22. Hossienzad A, Alizadeh S, Khademi A, Mosarezaie Moqaddam A. [Comparison of Personality Traitsandemotional Intelligence in Female and Male Patients with Multiple Sclerosis]. Urmia Medical Journal. 2015;26(1):81-91.
23. Moradian J, Alipour S, Shehni Yailagh M. [The causal relationship between parenting styles and academic performance mediated by the role of academic self-efficacy and achievement motivation in the students]. Family Psychology. 2014; 1(1):63-74.
24. Shekarbeygi AR, Yasaminejad P. [Comparison of parenting styles, self-esteem and general health of deliquent and normal adolescents in Kermanshah]. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy. 2012; 2(2):178-92.
25. Shalini A, Acharya Y. Perceived Paternal Parenting style on Emotional Intelligence of Adolescents. Guru Journal of Behavioral and Social Sciences. 2013;1(4):194-202.
26. Abdollahi A, Abu Talib M, Motalebi SA. [Perceived parenting styles and emotional intelligence among Iranian boy students]. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities. 2013;2(3):460-7.
27. Lee S-J, Li L, Thammawijaya P. Parenting styles and emotional intelligence of HIV-affected children in Thailand. AIDS Care. 2013;25(12):1536-43. [DOI:10.1080/09540121.2013.793264] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Chen FS, Lin YM, Tu CA. A study of the emotional intelligence and life adjustment of senior high school students. World transactions on engineering and technology education. 2006;5(3):473-6.
29. Zakeri H, Karimpour M. [Parenting styles and self-esteem]. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011;29:758-61. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.302]
30. Markazi L, Badrigargari R. [The Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy and Parenting Styles on Self-Regulation Learning in Adolescent Girls of Tabriz]. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011;30:1758-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.339]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb