Volume 28, Issue 93 And 94 (April- June 2015)                   IJN 2015, 28(93 And 94): 55-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Akbari Balotanbegan A, Rezaei A, Mohammady Far M, Najafi M, Akbari Balootbangan I. Psychometric Properties of Occupational Hardiness Questionnaire Short form among Nurses. IJN 2015; 28 (93 and 94) :55-65
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2089-en.html
1- Ph.D Student, Educational Psychology, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran (٭Corresponding author). Tel: +98 09383411790 Email: akbariafzal@semnan.ac.ir
2- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Clinical Sciences University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran.
5- Registered nurse, of Neurology ward, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (7501 Views)


Background & Aim: Occupational hardiness as a set of personality traits is a source of resistance and protection against stressful life events. The aim of this study was assessment of psychometric properties of Occupational Hardiness Scale.

Material & Methods: A total of 210 nurses were recruited through stratified sampling method and responded to Occupational Hardiness Scale, Beck Depression Questionnaire, and Rosenberg Self-esteem Questionnaire. Data was analyzed by factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficients and Pearson correlations using SPSS-PC (v. 22). 

Results: Exploratory factor analysis, item-total correlation and reliability analyses were undertaken to assess the psychometric properties of the Occupational Hardiness Scale. Pearson correlation results indicated a significant relationship between hardiness and depression (r= -0.31 and p&le0.01) and self-esteem (r=0.28 and p&le0.01). Also hardiness scale reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha and it was 0.78 for the total scale, 0.81 for challenge, and 0.75 for commitment and 0.88 for control subscales.

Conclusion: The Persian version of Occupational Hardiness Scale had acceptable psychometric properties in nurses’ population and it can be used as a valid instrument in psychological and health research.

Full-Text [PDF 602 kb]   (3324 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2015/01/15 | Accepted: 2015/04/11 | Published: 2015/04/11

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