Volume 27, Issue 92 (ّFebruary 2015)                   IJN 2015, 27(92): 33-43 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Haghighat F, Moradi A, Mazaheri M, Hantoushzade S, Allahyari A, Pasandide A. The Effect of Iranian-Islamic Mindful Motherhood Training on Maternal-fetal Attachmen. IJN 2015; 27 (92) :33-43
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1993-en.html
1- Doctoral student, Department of psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Department of psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. (*Corresponding author). Tel: +98 09369619839 Email: moradi90@yahoo.com
3- Associate professor, Department of psychology, Faculty of Ethics Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4- Associate professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
6- Assistant professor, Faculty of Hadis Sciences, Quran & Hadis University, Qom, Iran.
Abstract:   (7808 Views)


  Background & Aim: Given the importance of maternal-fetal attachment in pregnancy period and its long-term influence on the health of mother and infant, the aim of this study was comparing the effectiveness of two methods of conventional mindful motherhood training and Islamic-Iranian based mindful motherhood training on maternal-fetal attachment.

  Material & Methods: The sample consisted of 36 Primgravida pregnant mothers in their 3rd trimester referring to the health centers and gynecologists in the city of Isfahan. They participated voluntarily and then were randomly assigned to two experimental and one control groups. All the participants responded to the Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS) before and after the intervention. Data was analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS-PC (v. 16).

  Results: The findings showed that mother-fetus attachment was significantly different among the three groups (F=5/8, P=0/008) and the mean score of Islamic-Iranian based mindful motherhood group was higher than two other groups ( 14x' type="#_x0000_t75"> 1 = 104.9, {C}14x' type="#_x0000_t75"> 2 = 97.09, 14x' type="#_x0000_t75"> 3 = 95.00).

Conclusion: Regarding the effectiveness of mindful motherhood training on maternal-fetal attachment, it is suggested that health care professionals consider these interventions along other conventional care methods.
Full-Text [PDF 1352 kb]   (2136 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/11/19 | Accepted: 2015/02/19 | Published: 2015/02/19

1. Lingeswaran A, Bindu H. Validation of Tamil Version of Cranley's 24-Item Maternal–Fetal Attachment Scale in Indian Pregnant Women. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2012;62(6):630-4. [DOI:10.1007/s13224-012-0175-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Field T. Prenatal depression effects on early development: A review. Infant Behav Dev. 2011;34(1):1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2004.06.003 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.10.005 https://doi.org/10.1016/0163-6383(95)90003-9 [DOI:10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.09.008]
3. Snyder R, Shapiro S, & Treleaven T. Attachment theory and mindfulness. J Child Family Studies, 2011;21(5):709-17. [DOI:10.1007/s10826-011-9522-8]
4. Ruschel P, Zielinsky P, Grings C, Pimentel J, Azevedo L, Paniagua R, et al. Maternal–fetal attachment and prenatal diagnosis of heart disease. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014;174:70-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.11.029] [PMID]
5. Maas AJB, Vreeswijk CM, Braeken J, Vingerhoets AJ, van Bakel HJ. Determinants of maternal fetal attachment in women from a community-based sample. J Reprod Infant Psychol. 2014;32(1):5-24. [DOI:10.1080/02646838.2013.853170]
6. Facello DC. Maternal/fetal attachment: associations among family relationships, maternal health practices, and antenatal attachment: ProQuest. Unpublished PhD. thesis, West Virginia University, 2008.
7. Mason Zachary S. The Role of Maternal Attachment: Its Effects on Postpartum Depression and Infant Social-emotional Development. Unpublished PhD. Thesis, Yeshiva University, New York, 2009.
8. Shapiro SL, Brown KW, Biegel GM. Teaching self-care to caregivers: effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. 2007;1(2):105–15. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0090503 [DOI:10.1037/1931-3918.1.2.105]
9. Orzech KM, Shapiro SL, Brown KW, McKay M. Intensive mindfulness training-related changes in cognitive and emotional experience. J Posit Psychol. 2009;4(3):212-22. [DOI:10.1080/17439760902819394]
10. Vieten C, Astin J. Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention during pregnancy on prenatal stress and mood: results of a pilot study. Arch Women's Ment Health. 2008;11(1):67-74. [DOI:10.1007/s00737-008-0214-3] [PMID]
11. Duncan LG, Bardacke N. Mindfulness-based childbirth and parenting education: Promoting family mindfulness during the perinatal period. J Child Fam Stud. 2010;19(2):190-202. [DOI:10.1007/s10826-009-9313-7] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Krongold KS. Mindfulness-based prenatal care and postnatal mother-infant relationships: California Institute Of Integral Studies; 2011.
13. Dunn C, Hanieh E, Roberts R, Powrie R. Mindful pregnancy and childbirth: effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on women's psychological distress and well-being in the perinatal period. Arch Women's Ment Health. 2012;15(2):139-43. [DOI:10.1007/s00737-012-0264-4] [PMID]
14. Sivak K. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Pregnant Women with Previous Difficult Postpartum Mood: A Mixed Methods Exploratory Study. Unpublished MA. Thesis, BA, University of British Columbia, 2013.
15. Singh NN, Lancioni GE, Winton AS, Fisher BC, Wahler RG, Mcaleavey K, et al. Mindful parenting decreases aggression, noncompliance, and self-injury in children with autism. J Emot Behav Disord. 2006;14(3):169-77. [DOI:10.1177/10634266060140030401]
16. Singh NN, Lancioni GE, Winton AS, Singh J, Curtis WJ, Wahler RG, et al. Mindful parenting decreases aggression and increases social behavior in children with developmental disabilities. Behavior Modification. 2007;31(6):749-71. [DOI:10.1177/0145445507300924] [PMID]
17. Muzik M, Hamilton SE, Rosenblum KL, Waxler E, Hadi Z. Mindfulness yoga during pregnancy for psychiatrically at-risk women: Preliminary results from a pilot feasibility study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2012;18(4):235-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2012.06.006] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Sawyer Cohen J. Mindfulness and self-compassion in the transition to motherhood: a prospective study of postnatal mood and attachment. Unpublished PhD. Thesis. Columbia University, 2010.
19. Dalmid SG, Robertson B, Carrion MM, Thompso W, Erskin N, Scrugg N, Palomequ FS, & Sniderma M. Spirituality, religiousness, psychosocial factors, and maternal-infant outcomes in Latina mother. South Online J Nurs Res, 2010;10(3):1-19.
20. Boelens PA, Reeves RR, Replogle WH, Koenig HG. The effect of prayer on depression and anxiety: maintenance of positive influence one year after prayer intervention. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2012;43(1):85-98. [DOI:10.2190/PM.43.1.f] [PMID]
21. Park CL, Edmondson D, Hale-Smith A, & Blank TO. Religiousness/spirituality and health behaviors in younger adult cancer survivors: does faith promote a healthier lifestyle? J Behav Med, 2009;32(6): 582-91. [DOI:10.1007/s10865-009-9223-6] [PMID]
22. Cohen D, Yoon DP, & Johnstone B. Differentiating the Impact of Spiritual Experiences, Religious Practices, and Congregational Support on the Mental Health of Individuals With Heterogeneous Medical Disorders. International J Psychology Religion, 2009;19(2): 121-138. [DOI:10.1080/10508610802711335]
23. Campbell JD, Yoon DP, & Johnstone B. Determining Relationships Between Physical Health and Spiritual Experience, Religious Practices, and Congregational Support in a Heterogeneous Medical Sample. J Relig Health, 2010;49(1): 3-17. [DOI:10.1007/s10943-008-9227-5] [PMID]
24. Mann JR, McKeown RE, Bacon J, Vesselinov R, Bush F. Do antenatal religious and spiritual factors impact the risk of postpartum depressive symptoms? J Womens Health (Larchmt), 2008;17(5): 745-55. [DOI:10.1089/jwh.2007.0627] [PMID]
25. Hefti R. Integrating religion and spirituality into mental health care, psychiatry and psychotherapy. Religions. 2011;2(4):611-27. [DOI:10.3390/rel2040611]
26. Da Costa D, Dritsa M, Verreault N, Balaa C, Kudzman J, Khalifé S. Sleep problems and depressed mood negatively impact health-related quality of life during pregnancy. Arch Women's Ment Health. 2010;13(3):249-57. [DOI:10.1007/s00737-009-0104-3] [PMID]
27. Jobson L. Drawing current posttraumatic stress disorder models into the cultural sphere: The development of the 'threat to the conceptual self'model. Clin Psychol Rev. 2009;29(4):368-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.03.002] [PMID]
28. Jobson L, Moradi AR, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Conway MA, Dalgleish T. Culture and the Remembering of Trauma. Clin Psychological Sci. 2014;2(6):696-713. [DOI:10.1177/2167702614529763]
29. American Psychological Association. Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist, 2003; 58: 377–402. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.58.5.377]
30. Majlesi MB. ]BeharolAnvar; translate by AbolHasan Mosavi Hamedani[. Tehran, 1982. Hore Ameli MH. ]Vasaelo Shiee[. Pub: Islamiye, 1967. Koleini-Razi MY. ]Osoul Kafi; translate by Javad Mostafavi[. Tehran, 1990. Mikhbor S. ]Reihane Beheshti ya Farzand Saleh[.Pub: Nourolzahra, Ghom, 2003. Javadi-Amoli A. ]Mafatihol Hayat [. Pub: Asra, Ghom, 2013. Ahern NR, Ruland JP. Maternal-fetal attachment in African-American and Hispanic-American women. J Perinat Educ. 2003;12(4):27.
31. Lindgren K. A Comparison of Pregnancy Health Practices of Women in Inner‐City and Small Urban Communities. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2003;32(3):313-21. [DOI:10.1177/0884217503253442] [PMID]
32. Hart R, McMahon C. Mood state and psychological adjustment to pregnancy. Arch Women's Ment Health. 2006;9(6):329-37. [DOI:10.1007/s00737-006-0141-0] [PMID]
33. Shieh C, Kravitz M. Severity of Drug Use, Initiation of Prenatal Care, and Maternal‐Fetal Attachment in Pregnant Marijuana and Cocaine/Heroin Users. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2006;35(4):499-508. [DOI:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2006.00063.x] [PMID]
34. Taavoni S, Ahadi M, Ganji T, Hosseini F. [Comparison of Maternal Fetal Attachment between Primgravidas and Multigravidas Women with Past History of Fetal or Neonatal Death]. I J N. 2008;21(53):53-61.
35. Abasi E, Tafazzoli M, Esmaily H, Hasanabadi H. [The effect of maternal–fetal attachment education on maternal mental health]. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013;43(5):815-20. [DOI:10.3906/sag-1204-97]
36. Abasi E, Tahmasebi H, Hasani S, Nasiri-Takami GR. ]Comparison of maternal and paternal fetal attachment in couples referred to HealthCare Centers in Sari]. J Family Health, 2012; 1(2): 13-18.
37. Jamshidimanesh M, Astaraki L, Behboodi Moghadam Z, Taghizadeh Z, Haghani H. [Maternal-fetal attachment and its associated factors]. Hayat. 2012;18(5):33-45.
38. Rhodes JM. Parenting from the Inside Out: How a Deeper Self-Understanding Can Help You Raise Children Who Thrive. J Prenat Perinat Psychol Health. 2004;19(1):83.
39. Snyder R, Shapiro S, Treleaven D. Attachment theory and mindfulness. J Child Fam Stud. 2012;21(5):709-17. [DOI:10.1007/s10826-011-9522-8]
40. Bialy L. Impact of stress and negative mood on mother and child: Attachment, child development and intervention. Diss Abstr Int. 2006;67(05):104.
41. Kabat-Zinn J, Lipworth L, Burney R. The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for self-regulation of chronic pain. J Behav Med, 1985; 8(2): 163–90. [DOI:10.1007/BF00845519] [PMID]
42. Speca M, Carlson LE, Mackenzie MJ, Angen M. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as an intervention for cancer patients. Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications. 2006:239-61.
43. Zadhoosh S, Doust HN, Kalantari M, Tabatabaee SR. [Comparison of the Efficacy of Cognitive-Behavior Group Therapy with Religious Advice and Classic Cognitive-Behavior Group Therapy on the Quality of Marital Relationship of Women]. Journal of Family Research.2011;7(1): 55-68.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb