Volume 27, Issue 87 (April 2014)                   IJN 2014, 27(87): 79-87 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yekkeh Fallah L, Azimi H, Sadeghi T. Comparison of the Effects of Two Types of Exercise on Blood Glucose Levels and Anti-diabetics Tablets Used by People with Type II Diabetes. IJN 2014; 27 (87) :79-87
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1776-en.html
1- PhD student of Nursing Shahid Beheshti University Medical Sciences and faculty member of Qazvin University Medical Sciences Iran
2- Master Student of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (*Corresponding Author). Tel: +98 9191842867 Email: h.azimi88@yahoo.com
3- PhD student of nursing, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (12987 Views)

  Abstract :

  Background & Aim: Diabetes can’t be cured, but it can be controlled by other ways such as safe exercise (Yoga- walking …) and balanced diet. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a one –month regular yoga and walking exercise on blood glucose level and amount of anti-diabetics tablets used by people with type II diabetes.

  Material & Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 60, 30-55 year old female and male volunteers with diabetes. The Participants were randomly assigned into 3 groups of yoga, walking and control. Yoga and walking group exercised for 45 minutes daily during a one month period. All of Participants completed the questionnaire for 2 times, before and after intervention. Patients were tested twice (before and after intervention) for fasting blood glucose by glucometer (ZD) (GM300). Data related to fasting blood glucose and the number of anti-diabetic tablets and sex were analyzed by Chi–square test and one-way ANOVA using SPSS win (v.16).

  Results: Reduction of fasting blood glucose was significant at the end of intervention in yoga group (p=0 /016). However, it was not significant in walking group (p=0/054). There was no significant difference between the number of anti-diabetic used tablets before and after intervention (p > 0/05). There was significant differences in fasting blood glucose levels of the 3 groups after intervention according to repeated measurement (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: According to the findings, one month of yoga and walking exercise is effective in reducing fasting blood glucose in people with type II diabetes. Although yoga was more effective in reducing fasting blood glucose, but it did not make a significant reduction in anti-diabetics used tablets . A same study with more duration of intervention and larger sample size is recommended.

Full-Text [PDF 376 kb]   (4066 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/01/25 | Accepted: 2014/04/16 | Published: 2014/11/10

1. Nobahar M,Asgari MR,Baba Mohammadi H,Soleymani M. [Book comprehensive Text Book of Medical Surgical Nursing ] 2nd ed.Tehran-Hakim Hidajy(Boshra).2010: 854-5.
2. Hu FB. Globalization of Diabetes The role of diet, lifestyle, and genes. Diabetes Care. 2011 ; 34(6): 1249-57. [DOI:10.2337/dc11-0442] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Crandall JP, Knowler WC, Kahn SE, Marrero D, Florez JC, Bray GA, et al. The prevention of type 2 diabetes. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2008;4(7):382-93. [DOI:10.1038/ncpendmet0843] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Sharma M, Knowlden AP. Role of yoga in preventing and controlling type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2012:17(2) 88-95. [DOI:10.1177/2156587212438899]
5. Gill JM, Cooper AR. Physical activity and prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Sports Medicine. 2008;38(10):807-24. [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200838100-00002]
6. Suzanne C. Smeltzer, Brenda Bare, Janice L. Hinkle, Kerry H. [Cheever Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing (Two Volume Set)] 12th ed . Tehran-Jame enegar&Salemi 2010: 155- 66.
7. World Health organization. The world Health Report 1997: Conquering Suffering, enriching humanity. Geneva: world Health Organization: 1997.
8. Azimi-Nezhad M, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Parizadeh M, Safarian M, Esmaeili H, Parizadeh S, et al. [Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Iran and its relationship with gender, urbanisation, education, marital status and occupation]. Singapore Med J. 2008;49(7):571. [PMID]
9. Yang K, Bernardo LM, Sereika SM, Conroy MB, Balk J, Burke LE. Utilization of 3-month yoga program for adults at high risk for type 2 diabetes: a pilot study.J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2011;2011.
10. Innes KE, Vincent HK. The influence of yoga-based programs on risk profiles in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2007; 4(4): 469-86. [DOI:10.1093/ecam/nel103] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Hadi N, Hadi N. [Effects of hatha yoga on well-being in healthy adults in Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran]. East Mediterr Health J. 2007;13(4):829-37. [PMID]
12. Ross A, Thomas S. The health benefits of yoga and exercise: a review of comparision studies. J Altern Complement Med.2010:16(1):3-12. [DOI:10.1089/acm.2009.0044] [PMID]
13. Gordon LA, Morrison EY, McGrowder DA, Young R, Fraser YT, Zamora EM, et al. Effect of exercise therapy on lipid profile and oxidative stress indicators in patients with type 2 diabetes. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008;8(1):21. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6882-8-21] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Sinha S, Singh SN, Monga Y, Ray US. Improvement of glutathione and total antioxidant status with yoga. J Altern Complement Med. 2007;13(10):1085-90. [DOI:10.1089/acm.2007.0567] [PMID]
15. Hagins M, Moore W, Rundle A. Does practicing hatha yoga satisfy recommendations for intensity of physical activity which improves and maintains health and cardiovascular fitness? BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007;7(1):40. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6882-7-40] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Chandrasekhar R. The Effects Of Exercise And Yoga On Diabetes. Clinical Research On The Benefits Of Yoga Practice On Diabetes. Health Administ. 2009:22:1&2:40-5.
17. Di Loreto C, Fanelli C, Lucidi P, Murdolo G, De Cicco A, Parlanti N, et al. Make Your Diabetic Patients Walk Long-term impact of different amounts of physical activity on type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005;28(6):1295-302. [DOI:10.2337/diacare.28.6.1295] [PMID]
18. Karstoft K, Winding K, Knudsen S H, Nielsen J S,Thomsen C, Pedersen B K.The Effects of Free-Living Interval-Walking Training on Glycemic Control, BodyComposition, and Physical Fitness in Type 2 Diabetes Patients .A randomized, controlled trial. Diabetes Care.2013;36(2):228-36. [DOI:10.2337/dc12-0658] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Borer K, Wuorinen E, Lukos J, Denver J, Porges S, Burant C. Two Bouts of Exercise before meals, but not after meals, lower fasting blood glucose. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41(8):1606-14. [DOI:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819dfe14] [PMID]
20. Niko sokhan AK. [What you should know about exercise and diabetes]. Journal Message Diabetes Association's Diabetes Iran.2007.
21. Shamsi M, Sharifirad G, Kachoyee A,Hassanzadeh A. [The Effect of Educational Program Walking Based on Health Belief Model on Control Suger in Woman by Type 2 Diabetics].Iranian Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2010:11 (5):491-98.
22. Belsare SD,Belsare DK ,Chansoria CB ,Gupta S. Effect of community laughter yoga on blood glucose level in type 2.
23. Amita S, Prabhakar S, Manoj I, Harminder S, Pavan T. Effect of yoga-nidra on blood glucose level in diabetic patients. 2009.:53(1):97-101.
24. Skoro Kondza L, See Tai Sh, Gadelrab R, Drincevic D, Greenhalgh T. Community based yoga classes for type 2 diabetes: an exploratory randomized controlled trial. BMC Health Serv Res 2009: 9:33-45. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6963-9-33] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Kyizom T, Singh S, Singh K, Tandon O, Kumar R. Effect of pranayama & yoga-asana on cognitive brain functions in type 2 diabetes-P3 event related evoked potential (ERP). 2010. Indian J Med Res 2010:131:636-64. [PMID]
26. Sahay B. Role of yoga in diabetes. JAPI. 2007;55:121-6. [PMID]
27. Mohebi Z,Marbaqi A,Malek Zadeh J,Najafi SH. [Effect of Exercise on amount of lipid in hyper clostridium] pations.zums.2006:4(4) .
28. Hassabi M, Rabbani A, Sotoodeh A .[Exercise in type 1 diabetic patients]. Iran J Pediatr.2004: 15(3):261-70.
29. Sharoff CG, Hagobian TA, Malin SK, Chipkin SR, Yu H, Hirshman MF, et al. Combining short-term metformin treatment and one bout of exercise does not increase insulin action in insulin-resistant individuals. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010; 298(4):E815-E23. [DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00517.2009] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Normand G, Boulé Cheri R, Gordon J. Metformin and Exercise in Type 2 Diabetes. J AM National Library of Med National Inst of Health, 2011: 34(7)

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb