Volume 31, Issue 116 (February 2019)                   IJN 2019, 31(116): 49-60 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Gerami Nejad N, Hosseini M, Mousavi Mirzaei S, Ghorbani Moghaddam Z. Association between Resilience and Professional Quality of Life among Nurses Working in Intensive Care Units. IJN 2019; 31 (116) :49-60
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2847-en.html
1- Lecturer, Department of Anesthesia, School of Paramedicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2- Lecturer, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center (MTDRC), Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4- MS Student in Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran. (Corresponding author) Tel: 09158659751 Email: mahdi.hosseini@bums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6860 Views)
units (ICUs) could decrease their professional quality of life, thereby leading to mental issues, such as the declined quality of patient care and other consequences. Given the importance of resilience in difficult situations, the present study aimed to determine the association of resilience with the professional quality of life of ICU nurses.
Materials & Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted on 200 nurses working in the ICUs of the teaching hospitals affiliated to Birjand University of Medical Sciences in South Khorasan province, Iran in 2018. The participants were selected via census sampling. Data were collected using Connor-Davidson resilience questionnaire and Stamm professional quality of life scale. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive and inferential statistics, including t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: The mean total score of resilience was 60.31±20.39. As for the three dimensions of the quality of professional life, the mean score of compassion fatigue was 34.54±9.13, the mean score of job burnout was 24.06±5.70, and the mean score of secondary trauma was 26.49±7.86. Moreover, an inverse, significant correlation was observed between resilience and compassion fatigue (r=-0.44; P=0.001).
Conclusion: Considering the average level of the professional quality of life in the nurses, special attention must be paid to the influential factors in professional quality of life. In addition, due to the significant association between resilience and compassion fatigue, incorporating resilience-promoting strategies into the nursing curriculum is recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 1024 kb]   (4179 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2018/11/17 | Accepted: 2019/02/16 | Published: 2019/02/16

1. Farhadi P, Sharifian R, Feili A, Shokrpour N. The effects of supervisors' supportive role, job stress, and work-family conflicts on the nurses' attitudes. The health care manager. 2013;32(2):107-22. [DOI:10.1097/HCM.0b013e31828ef5e7] [PMID]
2. Khodayarian M, Vanaki Z, Navipour H, Vaezi A. The Effects of Designed Clinical Competency-Based Advancement Program on the Ccu Nurses'quality of Work Life. 2008;15(75):15-26.
3. Horrigan JM, Lightfoot NE, Larivière MA, Jacklin K. Evaluating and improving nurses' health and quality of work life: A cross-sectional study of Korean blue collar workers employed by small businesses. Workplace Health & Safety. 2013;61(4):173-81. https://doi.org/10.1177/216507991306100405 [DOI:10.3928/21650799-20130327-18] [PMID]
4. Najjar N, Davis LW, Beck-Coon K, Carney Doebbeling C. Compassion fatigue: A review of the research to date and relevance to cancer-care providers. Journal of Health Psychology. 2009;14(2):267-77. [DOI:10.1177/1359105308100211] [PMID]
5. Circenis K, Millere I, Deklava L. Measuring the professional quality of life among Latvian nurses. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2013;84:1625-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.003]
6. Kim K, Han Y, Kim J-s. Korean nurses' ethical dilemmas, professional values and professional quality of life. Nursing ethics. 2015;22(4):467-78. [DOI:10.1177/0969733014538892] [PMID]
7. Stamm B. The concise ProQOL manual . Pocatello, ID. Retrieved from ProQOL org. 2010.
8. Hunsaker S, Chen HC, Maughan D, Heaston S. Factors that influence the development of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in emergency department nurses. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2015;47(2):186-94. [DOI:10.1111/jnu.12122] [PMID]
9. Bush NJ, editor Compassion fatigue: Are you at risk? Oncol Nurs Forum. 2009;36(1):24-8. [DOI:10.1188/09.ONF.24-28] [PMID]
10. Kim S. Compassion fatigue in liver and kidney transplant nurse coordinators: A descriptive research study. Progress in Transplantation. 2013; 23(4):329-35. [DOI:10.7182/pit2013811] [PMID]
11. J Joinson C. Coping with compassion fatigue. Nursing. 1992; 22(4):116-8. [DOI:10.1097/00152193-199204000-00035]
12. Beck CT. Secondary traumatic stress in nurses: A systematic review. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2011; 25(1):1-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2010.05.005] [PMID]
13. Delpasand M, Nasiripoor AA, Raiisi P, Shahabi M. The relationship between emotional intelligence and occupational burnout among nurses in critical care units. Iranian journal of critical care nursing. 2011; 4(2):79-86.
14. Moumeni H, Salehi A, Seraji A. The comparison of burnout in nurses working in clinical and educational sections of Arak University of Medical Sciences in 2008. Arak Med Univ J. 2010; 12(4):113-23.
15. Mosavianasl Z, Babaeipouya A, Karimi A. The Relationship between Shift Work and Occupational Burnout among Nurses in a Teaching Hospital in Ahva. Promot J. 2017; 1(2):118-28.
16. Mazloumi A, Kazemi Z, Mehrdad R, Helmi Kohneh Shahri M, Pour Hossein M. Validity and reliability of WRQoL-2 questionnaire for assessment of nurses' quality of work life. Health and Safety at Work. 2017; 7(2):143-52.
17. Hesam M, Asayesh H, Roohi G, Shariati A, Nasiry H. Assessing the relationship between nurses' quality of work life and their intention to leave the nursing profession. Quarterly Journal of Nursing Management. 2012; 1(3):28-36.
18. Valizadeh S, Haririan H. Nurses Work Motivation: A Big Challenge for Health System; a Review article. Preventive Care in Nursing & Midwifery Journal. 2016; 5(2):56-64.
19. Shafipour V, Momeni B, Yazdani Charati J, Esmaeili R. Quality of Working Life and its Related Factors in Critical Care Unit Nurses. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2016; 26(142):117-26.
20. Rushton CH, Batcheller J, Schroeder K, Donohue P. Burnout and resilience among nurses practicing in high-intensity settings. Am J Crit Care. 2015; 24(5):412-20. [DOI:10.4037/ajcc2015291] [PMID]
21. Komeili-Sani M, Etemadi A, Boustani H, Bahreini M, Hakimi A. The relationship between nurses' clinical competency and job stress in Ahvaz university hospital, 2013. Journal of clinical nursing and midwifery. 2015; 4.
22. McAllister M, McKinnon J. The importance of teaching and learning resilience in the health disciplines: a critical review of the literature. Nurse Educ Today. 2009; 29(4):371-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2008.10.011] [PMID]
23. Ahern NR, Norris AE. Examining factors that increase and decrease stress in adolescent community college students. J Pediatr Nurs. 2011; 26(6):530-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedn.2010.07.011] [PMID]
24. Bagherinia H, Yamini M, Ildarabadi E, Bagherinia F. Relationship between personality traits and mental health with resilience mediation in nurses. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. 2016;22(6):1063-70.
25. Werner EE, Smith RS. Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to adulthood: Cornell University Press; 1992.
26. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and anxiety. 2003; 18(2):76-82. [DOI:10.1002/da.10113] [PMID]
27. Napa M. optimism resilience and leadership-3 qualities to help move you toward greatness.2011: http://ezinearticles.com
28. Thomas LJ, Revell SH. Resilience in nursing students: An integrative review. Nurse Educ Today. 2016; 36:457-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.10.016] [PMID]
29. McGrath A, Reid N, Boore J. Occupational stress in nursing. Inter J Nurs Stud. 2003; 40(5):555-65. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00058-0]
30. Samani S, Jokar B, Sahragard N. Effects of resilience on mental health and life satisfaction. Iranian Journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology. 2007; 13(3):290-5.
31. Yadollahi M, Razmjooei A, Jamali K, Niakan MH, Ghahramani Z. The relationship between professional quality of life (ProQol) and general health in Rajaee Trauma Hospital staff of Shiraz, Iran. Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 2016; 17(9. [DOI:10.17795/semj39253]
32. Vagharseyyedin SA, Zarei B, Hosseini M. The role of workplace social capital, compassion satisfaction and secondary traumatic stress in affective organisational commitment of a sample of Iranian nurses. J Res Nurs. 2018; 23(5):446-56. [DOI:10.1177/1744987118762974]
33. Yang Y-H, Kim J-K. A literature review of compassion fatigue in nursing. Korean Journal of Adult Nursing. 2012; 24(1):38-51. [DOI:10.7475/kjan.2012.24.1.38]
34. Ebrahimpour M, Azzizadeh Forouzi M, Tirgari B. The relationship between post-traumatic stress symptoms and professional quality of life in psychiatric nurses. Journal of hayat. 2017;22(4):312-24.
35. Mangoulia P, Fildissis G, Koukia E, Alevizopoulos G, Katostaras T. Factors associated with compassion fatigue among ICU nurses in Greece. Crit Care. 2011; 15(1):P489. [DOI:10.1186/cc9909] [PMCID]
36. Abendroth M, Flannery J. Predicting the risk of compassion fatigue: A study of hospice nurses. J Hosp Palliat Nurs. 2006;8(6):346-56. [DOI:10.1097/00129191-200611000-00007]
37. Yoder EA. Compassion fatigue in nurses. Appl Nurs Res. 2010; 23(4):191-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnr.2008.09.003] [PMID]
38. Mendes A. Recognising and combating compassion fatigue in nursing. Br J Nurs. 2014;23(21):1146. [DOI:10.12968/bjon.2014.23.21.1146] [PMID]
39. Khaghanizadeh M, Ebadi A, Rahmani M. The study of relationship between job stress and quality of work life of nurses in military hospitals. Journal Mil Med. 2008; 10(3):175-84.
40. Reyasi H. Work life quality of nurses working in educational hospitals affiliated to Birjand University of Medical Sciences, 2012. Mod Care J. 2013; 10(1):84-90.
41. Moradi T, Maghaminejad F, Azizi-Fini I. Quality of working life of nurses and its related factors. Nurs Midwifery stud. 2014; 3(2):1-6. https://doi.org/10.17795/nmsjournal19450 [DOI:10.5812/nms.19450]
42. Salimi S, Pakpour V, Feizollahzadeh H, Rahmani A. Resilience and its association with the intensive care unit nurses' intention to leave their profession. Journal of hayat. 2017;23(3):254-65.
43. Shakerinia I, Mohammadpour M. Relationship between job stress and resiliency with occupational burnout among nurses. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci). 2010;14(2):161-9.
44. Amini F. Comparative analysis of life satisfaction, resilience and burnout among intensive and other units nurses. Quarterly Journal of Nursing Management. 2013; 1(4):9-17.
45. Lee KJ, Forbes ML, Lukasiewicz GJ, Williams T, Sheets A, Fischer K, et al. Promoting staff resilience in the pediatric intensive care unit. Am J Crit Care. 2015; 24(5):422-30. [DOI:10.4037/ajcc2015720] [PMID]
46. Warelow P, Edward Kl. Caring as a resilient practice in mental health nursing. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2007; 16(2):132-5. [DOI:10.1111/j.1447-0349.2007.00456.x] [PMID]
47. Menezes VdLC, Fernández BC, Hernández LM, Ramos FC, Contador IC. Resilience and the burnout-engagement model in formal caregivers of the elderly. Psicothema. 2006; 18(4):791-6.
48. Edward K-l, Hercelinskyj G. Burnout in the caring nurse: learning resilient behaviours. Br J Nurs. 2007; 16(4):240-2. [DOI:10.12968/bjon.2007.16.4.22987] [PMID]
49. Dyer JG, McGuinness TM. Resilience: Analysis of the concept. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 1996; 10(5):276-82. [DOI:10.1016/S0883-9417(96)80036-7]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb