Volume 29, Issue 102 (October 2016)                   IJN 2016, 29(102): 32-44 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mazhari M, Zahrakar K, Shakarami M, Davarniya R, Abdollah Zadeh A. The Effect of Relationship Enhancement Program (REP) on Reducing Marital Conflicts of Dual- Career Couples. IJN 2016; 29 (102) :32-44
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2331-en.html
1- MS in Family Counseling, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
3- PhD Student of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
4- PhD Student in Counseling, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran )Corresponding author). Tel: +98 09155851629 Email: rezadavarniya@yahoo.com
5- ﮐﺎرﺷﻨﺎس ارﺷﺪ ﻣﺸﺎوره ﺧﺎﻧﻮاده، ﮔﺮوه ﻣﺸﺎوره، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺧﻮارزﻣﯽ، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﯾﺮان
Abstract:   (13295 Views)


Background & Aim: One of the most important factors that lead to maladjustment and conflict in marital life is relationship problem of couples, which is the result of lacking appropriate and necessary skills for establishing healthy and intimate relationships. The present research was conducted by the aim of investigating the effect of relationship enhancement program on reducing marital conflicts of dual-career couples.

Materials & Methods: The current study uses quasi-experimental method; where-in pretest-posttest design with control group has been used. The population of the present research comprised of all married women employed in the department of education of Shahryar city in 2013, who demanded to participate in the training sessions. By using available sampling method, 20 of the female teachers who showed highest levels of conflict with their spouses in marital conflicts questionnaire of Barati and Sanaei were selected and they were placed in two groups of control and experiment by random assignment method. The sessions of relationship enhancement program were held in 8 sessions in groups for the experiment group, but the control group did not receive any intervention. The data were analyzed through methods of descriptive statistics and multivariate covariance analysis in SPSS v.16 software.

Results: The results showed that the training of relationship enhancement program (REP) has led to significant decrease in marital conflicts among the women of the experiment group in the posttest stage (F = 13.92 & P > 0.01), and it has led to significant decrease in all the components of this variable, as well; including reduction of cooperation, reduction of sexual relationship, increased emotional reactions, increase in drawing child’s support, increased personal relationship with relatives, reduction of family relationship with relatives of spouse and friends, and separating financial matters from each other.

Conclusion: Findings of the present research suggested that relationship enhancement program has been effective in reducing marital conflicts among dual-career couples. It is recommended that future studies examine the effectiveness of marriage enrichment program on marital variables.

Full-Text [PDF 883 kb]   (3160 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2016/07/16 | Accepted: 2016/10/18 | Published: 2016/10/18

1. Motahari Z, Ahmadi Kh, BehzadPoor S, Azmoodeh F. [Effectiveness of mind fullness on reducing couple burnout in mothers with ADHD children]. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy .2012; 3(4):592-612.
2. Ghamari M. [The Effectivness Solution-Focused counseling in Decreasing Different Dimensions of marital Conflict of Dual-Career Couples]. Journal of Family research. 2007;5(19):347-35.
3. Nazari A, Goli M. [The effects of solution-focused psychiatry on marriage satisfaction of couples who both work]. Journal of Knowledge and Health. 2007;4(2):36-40. Persian
4. Cummings EM, Faircloth WB, Mitchell PM, Cummings JS, Schermerhorn AC. Evaluating a brief prevention program for improving marital conflict in community families. J Fam Psychol. 2008;22(2):193-202. [DOI:10.1037/0893-3200.22.2.193] [PMID]
5. Miller RB, Hollist CS, Olsen J, Law D. Marital quality and health over 20 years: A growth curve analysis. J Marriage Fam. 2013;75(3):667-80. [DOI:10.1111/jomf.12025]
6. Amani A, Letafati P. [The Effectiveness of Group Training in Communication Skills in Decreasing Marital Conflicts]. Biannual Journal of Applied Counseling. 2013;3:17-36.
7. Forooghanfar M. Relation between problem-solving styles and married college student's marital adjustment. [dissertation]. Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran; 2006.
8. Guerney Jr B. Relationship enhancement couple/marital/family therapists manual. 4th ed Silver Spring, MD: IDEALS. Inc; 2005.
9. Scuka RF. The Radical Nature of the Relationship Enhancement Expressive Skill and Its Implications for Therapy and Psychoeducation. Fam J. 2011;19(1):30-5. [DOI:10.1177/1066480710387491]
10. Jamali A, Afrooz GA, Lavasani MGA, Zahrakar K. [Effectiveness of Training relationship enhancement on romantic insecurity mothers with down syndrome child]. Journal of Research in Psychological Health. 2014; 8(3):61-70.
11. Scuka RF. Relationship enhancement therapy: Healing through deep empathy and intimate dialogue: Routledge. New York: Taylor & Francis Group; 2005.
12. Hahlweg K, Richter D. Prevention of marital instability and distress. Results of an 11-year longitudinal follow-up study. Behav Res Ther. 2010;48(5):377-83. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2009.12.010] [PMID]
13. Shollenberger MA. Increasing marital adjustment in graduate students and their spouses through Relationship Enhancement: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; 2001.
14. Marchand JF, Hock E. Avoidance and Attacking Conflict‐Resolution Strategies Among Married Couples: Relations to Depressive Symptoms and Marital Satisfaction. Family Relations. 2000;49(2):201-6. [DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2000.00201.x]
15. Taheri Rad M. The effectiveness of training relationship enhancement program on increasing adjustment of couples [dissertation]. Tarbiyat Moallem University of Tehran; 2010.
16. Isanezhad O, Ahmadi SA, Etemadi O. [Effectiveness of relationship enhancement on marital quality of couples]. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2010;4(1):9-16.
17. Mohammadi M, Salimi A, Zahrakar K, Davarniya R, Shakarami M. [Investigating the performance of relationship enhancement program (REP) on reducing burnout in couples]. IJPN. 2016; 4 (3):8-16. [DOI:10.21859/ijpn-04032]
18. Sanai B. [Group counceling and psychotherapy]. Tehran: Chehr Press; 2014.
19. Bakhshipour B, Asadi M, Kiani A, Shiralipour A, Ahmaddoost H. [The Relationship Between Family Function and Marital Conflicting Couples Who Had Decided to Get Divorced]. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology. 2012; 13(2)-10-9.
20. Khosravi Z, Belyad M, Nahidpour F, Azadi S. [A Study of the Relationship among Attachment Styles, Forgiveness and Marital Conflicts in Couples Referring to Karaj Counseling Centers]. Quaterly Journal of Woman and Society. 2011; 2(7): 61-80.
21. Ebrahimi AE, Najafi MR, Mehrabi A, Sadeghi Z. [The Relation of Marital Conflict and Some of Socio-demographic Features with Migraine Headache Odds Ratio]. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2008; 26(89): 112-18.
22. Carson JW, Carson KM, Gil KM, Baucom DH. Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement. Behav Ther. 2004;35(3):471-94. [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7894(04)80028-5]
23. Blanchard VL, Hawkins AJ, Baldwin SA, Fawcett EB. Investigating the effects of marriage and relationship education on couples' communication skills: a meta-analytic study. American Psychological Association; 2009; 23(2): 203-14. [DOI:10.1037/a0015211]
24. Accordino MP, Guerney Jr BG. Relationship enhancement couples and family outcome research of the last 20 years. The Family Journal. 2003;11(2):162-6. [DOI:10.1177/1066480702250146]
25. Murray SL, Rose P, Bellavia GM, Holmes JG, Kusche AG. When rejection stings: how self-esteem constrains relationship-enhancement processes. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002;83(3):556-73. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.83.3.556] [PMID]
26. Oliya N, Fatehi Zadeh M, Bahrami F. [The effect of relationship enhancement program training on increasing marital satisfaction of couples]. Quarterly Journal of New Thoughts on Education. 2008;1(2): 9-30.
27. Kalkan M, Ersanli E. [The Effects of the Marriage Enrichment Program Based on the Cognitive-Behavioral Approach on the Marital Adjustment of Couples]. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice. 2008;8(3):977-86.
28. Ebrahimi P, Sanai Zaker B, Nazari AM. [Assessment of the effectiveness of training relationship enhancement program training on increasing intimacy in dual-career couples]. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 16(4):37-43.
29. Nazari AM, Taheri Rad M, Asadi M. [The effect of relationship enhancement program on marital adjustment of couples]. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy 2013; 3(4):527-42.
30. Isanezhad O, Ahmadi SA, Etemadi O, Qaderpour R. [A study on the effectiveness of relationship enhancement on marital coping strategies]. J Res Behave Sci. 2011; 9:1-12.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb