Volume 28, Issue 97 (December 2015)                   IJN 2015, 28(97): 42-55 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khorashadizadeh F, Heydari A, Heshmati Nabavi F, Mazlom S, Ebrahimi M. Concept Analysis of Spiritual Health Based on Islamic Teachings. IJN 2015; 28 (97) :42-55
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2235-en.html
1- Assistant professor, Department of Nursing, North Khorasan University of Medical Science, Bojnurd, Iran.
2- Professor, Department of Medical Surgical nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. (*Corresponding author) Tel: 05138591511 Email: Heidarya@mums.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Mental Health and Management, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4- Department of Medical Surgical, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5- Professor, Department of Islamic studies, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (7131 Views)


Background & Aims: Recent attentions in nursing discipline to fourth dimension of health, spiritual health, leading to increasing development study to explanation this concept. In Iranian nursing the definition of spiritual health is deficient and delayed. Thus, the aim of this study was to explain the concept of spiritual health based on Islamic view.

Material & Methods: This concept analysis study was done based on Walker & Evant (2005) approach. Database and dictionaries related to Islamic literature were searched. Finally 16 books, 32 articles and 2 theses from various disciplines were retrieved. Qualitative data analysis method and MAXQD7 software were used for data analysis.

Results: Defining attributes of spiritual health embrace 4 categories: romantic creator- orientation, Islamic rationality, task- orientation and latter word- orientation. The consequences of spiritual health were perception of human with two- dimension system, spiritual dignity and being autonomous. The antecedences of spiritual health were being successor, comprehensive permanent purity, sprito- psycho- behavioral balance, perpetuity and permanent.

Conclusion: In Islamic perspective, spiritual health is different from other cultures. Therefore health care provider should pay more attention on meaning of spiritual health based on their culture. 

Full-Text [PDF 652 kb]   (3364 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2015/09/14 | Accepted: 2015/12/17 | Published: 2015/12/17

1. Yousefi H, Abedi HA. [Spiritual care in hospitalized patients]. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2011;16(1):125-32. [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Mahani S. [Spirituality in Nursing Care and its Application in Hospitalized Patients]. med ethics. 2009;2 (6):122-56.
3. Oh PJ, Kang KA. Spirituality: concept analysis based on hybrid model. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi. 2005;35(4):709-20. [DOI:10.4040/jkan.2005.35.4.709] [PMID]
4. Kahn D, Steeves R. Spiritual well- being: A review of the research literature. Quality of life, A nursing challenge. 1993;2 (3):1-10.
5. Mazaheri M, falahi KM, sadat MS, rahgozar M. [Nursing attitude to spirituality and spiritual care]. Payesh Health Monit. 2009;8 (1):31-7.
6. Jafari M, Sabzevari S, Borhani F, Baneshi M. [Nurses and nursing students views on spiritual care in kerman medical university]. Med Ethics. 2016;6(20):155-71.
7. Rahnama M, Khoshknab MF, Maddah SB, Ahmadi F. [Iranian cancer patients' perception of spirituality: a qualitative content analysis study]. BMC Nurs. 2012;11(1):19. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6955-11-19] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Abbasi M, Azizi F, Gooshki ES, Rad MN, Lakeh MA. [Conceptual definition and operationalization of spiritual health: A methodological study]. Med Ethics. 2016;6(20):11-44.
9. Daniels R. Nursing fundamentals: caring & clinical decision making: Taylor & Francis US; 2004.
10. Markani AK, Yaghmaei F, Fard MK. Spirituality as experienced by Muslim oncology nurses in Iran. Br J Nurs. 2013;22(4):S22-S4. [DOI:10.12968/bjon.2013.22.Sup2.S22]
11. Abolghasemi MJ. [Semantics of spiritual health and its religious scope]. Med Ethics. 2016;6(20):45-68.
12. SA. M, Azizi F. [Difinition of concept of spiritual health in Iranian culture] .Med Figh 2008;4(14):11-23.
13. Nuopponen A. Methods of concept analysis–a comparative study. The LSP Journal-Language for special purposes, professional communication, knowledge management and cognition. 2010;1(1):4-12.
14. Reed PG, Shearer NBC. Perspectives on nursing theory: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.
15. Walker LO, Avant KC. Strategies for theory construction in nursing. 2005.
16. Sadat Has, Alhani F, Khosrowpanah A, Behjat Pa. [Explanation Of Meta Paradigm Of Human In Islamic Sources And Nursing Theories]. Med Figh. 2012;4 (11-12):47-97.
17. Shojaei S. [Spiritual need theory in Islamic perspectives]. Studies in Islam & Psych. 2008;1 (1):87-116.
18. Ansari M, Ja'fari IM. [An Inquiry into the Role of Faith and Hope in Life and its Effects on Man's Mental Health]. studies of Islam & psych.2010;4 (6):123-42 .
19. Gharashi A. Ghamoos Quran. Qom: Tahgigat va nashre ahl beit;2004.
20. Marzband R, Zakavi AA. [Indicators of spiritual health based on Quran perspective]. Med Ethics. 2016;6(20):69-99.
21. Momennasab M, Moattari M, Abbaszade A, Shamshiri B. [Spirituality in survivors of myocardial infarction]. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012;17(5):343-51. [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Ahanchian M, Khorashadizadeh F. [Exploration of spiritual concept: A phenomenology study. The first congress of spiritual health, 2012, Tehran].P.24-5.
23. Mesbah M. [Islamic approach spiritual health]. Tehran: Hoghoghi; 2014.
24. Ablagh S. [The affect of knowing the name of Allah]. J. faculty litera. & human. 2005;56 (2):153-79.
25. Nasri A. [Human in Quran]. Tehran: Payam noor; 2006.
26. Farzaneh A. Anthropology in the Sahifat Al-Sajjadiyya. J Relig thougth Shiraz Univ. 2005;15(5);68-86.
27. Motahhari M. [Justic of God]. Tehran: Sadra; 2004.
28. Derogar M. Koranic human. Galbestan. 2005;5:5-29.
29. Ebrahimi E. [Spiritual Health and psychosis in the light of Quran]. Arak Med Uni J. 2011;13(5):1-9.
30. Afkhami AR, zare MM, maymandi V. The Common Contents of Anthropology in Sahife Sajjadieh and the Poems Related to Imam Sajjad. 2013.;5 (1):19-36.
31. Sobhani J. [Perfectman features in Quran]. Qom: Bostan ketab;2010.
32. Torshizi B. [Healthfull heart in sahife sajjadieh]. Bayyenat. 2009;8 (32):44-32.
33. Rahimi A, Anoosheh M, Ahmadi F, Foroughan M. [Exploring spirituality in Iranian healthy elderly people: A qualitative content analysis]. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013;18(2):163-70. [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Moazedi K, Asadi A. [Mental health status in the quran]. J Ardabil Univ Med Scie. 2012;12(1):85-96.
35. Niksefat E. [The principle of complete human in Islam]. Research in Huwzeh. 2005;7 (1):98-137
36. Motahari M. [Complete human]. Tehran: sadra; 1994.
37. Khorrami Markani A, Alavimajd H, Yaghmai F. [The Experience of Spiritual Well-being from the Perspective of Oncology Nurses: a Qualitative Content Analysis]. J Sabzevar Univ Med Scie.2011;3 (18):206-17.
38. Ebrahimi A. [Designing of view of after world scale. sanjesh akheratnegari]. Phych & Relig. 2011;5 (4):70-53.
39. Akbari M. [Humanitic life in Quran]. Kowthar. 2010;11 (41):76-184.
40. MazaheriSeif H. [Health life in Quran]. Maerefat. 2005;109:11-25.
41. Aram E, Jaribi J, Fadakar M, Shamasa M. [Spiritual health: framework, scope, and component based on teachings of Islam]. Soci develop & walfare plan. 2013;14 :1-25.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb