Volume 27, Issue 89 (Aug 2014)                   IJN 2014, 27(89): 1-11 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moghimian M, Amini R. Comparison of the Effect of Gestalt Therapy and Ellis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Assertiveness of Nursing Students . IJN 2014; 27 (89) :1-11
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1813-en.html
1- Faculty member of nursing group, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Esfahan, Iran (Corresponding Authors) Tel : +98 09131143254 Email: m-moghimian@iaun.ac.ir
2- Faculty member of nursing group, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Esfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (8226 Views)

  Abstract

  Background & Aim: Assertiveness as one of the life skills, leads to an increase in self-esteem , logical expression of thoughts and feelings , reduction of anxiety, improvement of social communication skills and consideration of the rights of others and meanwhile, taking one’s right and finally an increase in life satisfaction and happiness. This study aimed to compare the effect of Gestalt therapy and Ellis Cognitive- Behavioral therapy on assertiveness of nursing students.

  Material & Methods: It was a clinical trial, with pre-test - post-test design and control group. Among 80 nursing students enrolled in the school of nursing and midwifery of the Najaf Abad branch of Islamic Azad University in academic year of 2013-2014 who were at the beginning of their field training, those who were deficient in assertiveness (n=36) were detected by ASA questionnaire and randomly assigned into two experimental and one control groups (each = 12). The experimental groups including Gestalt therapy and Ellis Cognitive Behavior therapy received training during 8 sessions, while the control group did not receive any interventions .Post- test was performed immediately after training with the same tool. Data was analyzed by analysis of covariance , one-way ANOVA and post hoc LSD tests using SPSS-PC (v . 20).

  Results: Analysis of covariance showed no difference between the groups in terms of assertiveness before intervention (P > 0/05) . After the intervention, a significant increase was seen in the mean score of assertiveness in both Gestalt therapy and Ellis cognitive behavioral therapy (P ˂ 0/05). Assertiveness scores were significant between each test and control groups (P ˂ 0/05). There was no significant difference between experimental groups after the interventions (P=0/48).

Conclusion: As the results showed, the effect of Gestalt therapy and Ellis cognitive behavioral therapy on nursing students’ assertiveness is the same. Accordingly , the above mentioned therapies as methods of psychotherapy could be used alternately to reduce inefficient beliefs of nursing students.
Full-Text [PDF 1527 kb]   (3476 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/05/6 | Accepted: 2014/08/4 | Published: 2014/08/4

References
1. Dziegielewski SF. Dsm-iv-tr in Action: John Wiley & Sons; 2010. [PMCID]
2. Hajihasani M, Keanipoor O. [Effectiveness of active music therapy on Assertiveness. Proceedings of the 2th Conference of Iranian Psychological Association]; 2010.
3. Gaddis S. Positive assertive "pushback" for nurses. Iowa Nurse Reporter. 2007; 20(1):17-9.
4. Mc Cabe C, Timmins F. Teaching assertiveness to undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Education in Practice. 2003;3(1):30-42. [DOI:10.1016/S1471-5953(02)00079-3]
5. McCartan PJ, Hargie OD. Assertiveness and caring: are they compatible? J Clin Nurs. 2004;13(6):707-13. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.00964.x] [PMID]
6. Poyrazli S, Arbona C, Nora A, McPherson R, Pisecco S. Relation between assertiveness, academic self-efficacy, and psychosocial adjustment among international graduate students. J Coll Stud Dev. 2002; 43(5): 632-42.
7. Begley CM, Glacken M. Irish nursing students' changing levels of assertiveness during their pre-registration programme. Nurse Educ Today. 2004;24(7):501-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2004.06.002] [PMID]
8. Meamarian R. [The application concepts and theories in nursing]. Tehran: Tarbeat Modares University Pub. 2009; 293-6.
9. McCartan PJ, Hargie OD. Assertiveness and caring: are they compatible? J Clin Nurs. 2004;13(6):707-13. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.00964.x] [PMID]
10. Gomes VM, Silva MJPd, Araújo EAC. Gradual effects of therapeutic touch in reducing anxiety in university students. Rev Bras Enferm. 2008;61(6):841-6. [DOI:10.1590/S0034-71672008000600008] [PMID]
11. Lin Y-R, Shiah I, Chang Y-C, Lai T-J, Wang K-Y, Chou K-R. Evaluation of an assertiveness training program on nursing and medical students' assertiveness, self-esteem, and interpersonal communication satisfaction. Nurse Educ Today. 2004;24(8):656-65. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2004.09.004] [PMID]
12. Liza L. Please Disturb The Session: A Narrative Analysis of 21 ST Century Gestalt Therapists and culture.Unpublished PhD.Thesis,.Univercity of New Mexico State.. 2010
13. Navabinejad SH. [Theories of consulting and group psychotherapy].8rd ed Tehran: semat. 2004.
14. Choopani M, Ahmadi A, Sharifinea MH, Bahrami F. [Effectiveness of Religious group therapy and cognitive- behavior therapy on self- confidence and marital attitudes]. J of Studies in Islam and Psychology. 2010;6(4):31-61.
15. Haji hasani M, Etemadi A, Arean KH. [Effectiveness of Gestalt therapy and Cognitive-behaviors therapy on assertiveness on boy student]. J of Researches of Cognitive –Behavioral Science. 2012;2(3):1-16. [PMID]
16. Shan R, Roderic GH. Education of Assertiveness. Translate by: Shahni Yelagh SH, Rezae A, Pakseresht MJ . Tehran: Shahid chamran university.1998.
17. Jafari E. [Investigation of relationship between self-esteem and Assertiveness] .Avalable from: www.ilamprisons.ir/Attach/,2009
18. Gorgori Rahim B, Mokhtar M. [Effectiveness of Assertiveness education on mental health, social anxiety, Assertiveness and academic performance on student]. Proceedings of the student, 1th Conference on social determinant of health; 2010.
19. Ginzburg DM, Bohn C, Höfling V, Weck F, Clark DM, Stangier U,. Treatment specific competence predicts outcome in cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2012; 50(12): 747–52. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2012.09.001] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Reilly J, Jacobus V. Students evaluate Carl Rogers and his relationship with Gloria: A brief report. Journal of Humanistic Psychology. 2008;48(1):32-41. [DOI:10.1177/0022167807311944]
21. Vail S, Xenakis N. Empowering women with chronic, physical disabilities: A pedagogical/experiential group model. Social Work in Health Care. 2007;46(1):67-87. [DOI:10.1300/J010v46n01_05] [PMID]
22. Lau WY, Chan CK, Li JC, Au TK. Effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioral treatment for childhood anxiety in community clinics. Behav Res Ther.2010; 48(11):1067-77. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2010.07.007] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb