Volume 26, Issue 81 (April 2013)                   IJN 2013, 26(81): 54-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezayat F, Dehgannayeri N. Relationship between Depression and Self- efficacy in Nursing Students. IJN 2013; 26 (81) :54-63
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1534-en.html
1- Lecturer, department of psychiatric nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (*Corresponding author). Tel: +98-21-66927171 , nahid.nayeri@gmail.com
Abstract:   (8148 Views)

  Background & aim: Self-efficacy regulates stressful processes. Furthermore, students are known as a high risk group for depression suffering . This study aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and self- efficacy in nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

  Material & Methods: This is a correlational study. The study population consisted of undergraduate nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. For sampling, some classes were randomly selected. Totally, 249 nursing students from semesters 1-6 completed the questionnaires. Data gathering tool consisted of three sections: Demographic information, Sherer’s et al. general self-efficacy questionnaire and Beck’s depression inventory. SPSS-PC (v. 16) and statistical tests such as Pearson correlation, Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test were applied for data analysis.

  Results: Pearson correlation test showed statistically significant reverse correlation between students’ depression and their self-efficacy scores (p<0.001 r=-0.461). Furthermore, there were significant reverse relationship between depression and interest to field (p<0.001). There were also significant direct relationship between self -efficacy and adequacy of family income (p=0.029).

  Conclusion: The findings showed a reverse relationship between nursing students’ depression and their self- efficacy. It means that higher levels of depression is correlated with lower levels of self -efficacy. Further research to investigate the relationship between self- efficacy and depression in other faculties and in comparison with other fields is recommended.

  Received: 15 Jun 2013

  Accepted: 11 Sep 2013

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2013/09/16 | Accepted: 2013/09/16 | Published: 2013/09/16

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