Volume 31, Issue 114 (October 2018)                   IJN 2018, 31(114): 28-37 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rafiei F, Ameri F, Haghani H, Ghobadi A. Effect of Aromatherapy Massage with Lavender and Chamomile Oil on the Intensity of Background Pain in Burn Patients. IJN. 2018; 31 (114) :28-37
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2758-en.html
Professor, Nursing Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (103 Views)
Background & Aims: Given the importance of pain management in burn patients, the present study aimed to assess the effect of aromatherapy massage with aromatic oils of lavender and chamomile on the intensity of the background pain in burn patients.
Materials & Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 105 patients with burn injuries admitted to Shaheed Motahari Hospital in Tehran, Iran during January-May 2018. The patients were selected via convenience sampling and allocated to three groups of control, placebo massage, and combined aromatic oil massage by drawing lots and blocks of four with cards. The interventions were performed 20 minutes before bedtime in three sessions for one week. The control group only received routine care. Data were collected using the visual analogue scale (VAS). Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 20 using descriptive statistics (frequency, frequency percentage, mean, and standard deviation), and inferential statistics (Chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, analysis of variance, and paired t-test) were applied to determine the significance.
Results: Before the interventions, the three groups had no significant difference in terms of the pain score (P=0.746), while after the intervention, the results indicated a significant difference between the three groups in terms of the pain score, (P<0.001), so that the mean pain intensity was lower in the combination oil massage group compared to the other groups, as well as the placebo group compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Considering that aromatherapy massage could effectively improve the background pain in burn patients as a non-pharmacological, simple method, it is recommended that nurses and burn injuries medical teams apply this technique in the routine care program of these patients.
Full-Text [PDF 1151 kb]   (81 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2018/07/12 | Accepted: 2018/10/10 | Published: 2018/10/10

References
1. Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Maghsoudi H, Soudmand-Niri M, Ranjbar F, Mashadi-Abdollahi H. Stress disorder and PTSD after burn injuries: a prospective study of predictors of PTSD at Sina Burn Center, Iran. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2011;7:425-9. [PMID] [PMCID]
2. World Health Organization. Who Launches New Document On Burn Prevention And Care 2008 [cited 2017 4 march]. Available from: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/media/news/13_03_2008.
3. De Jong AE, Gamel C. Use of a simple relaxation technique in burn care: literature review. J Adv Nurs. 2006;54(6):710-21. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03858.x] [PMID]
4. Brown NJ, Rodger S, Ware RS, Kimble RM, Cuttle L. Efficacy of a children's procedural preparation and distraction device on healing in acute burn wound care procedures: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2012;13(1):238. [DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-13-238] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Summer GJ, Puntillo KA, Miaskowski C, Green PG, Levine JD. Burn injury pain: the continuing challenge. The journal of pain. 2007;8(7):533-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2007.02.426] [PMID]
6. Waldman SD, Winnie AP. Interventional pain management: WB Saunders Co; 2011.
7. Bassampoor S. The effect of relaxation techniques on anxiety of patients with myocardial infarction. The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 2005;9(2):53-8.
8. Dunning T. Aromatherapy: overview, safety and quality issues. OA Altern Med. 2013;1(1):6. [DOI:10.13172/2052-7845-1-1-518]
9. Bharkatiya M, Nema RK, Rathore KS, Panchawat S. Aromatherapy: short overview. International Journal of Green Pharmacy (IJGP). 2008;2(1):12-6. [DOI:10.4103/0973-8258.39156]
10. Perry R, Terry R, Watson L, Ernst E. Is lavender an anxiolytic drug? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Phytomedicine. 2012;19(8-9):825-35. [DOI:10.1016/j.phymed.2012.02.013] [PMID]
11. Karadag E, Samancioglu S, Ozden D, Bakir E. Effects of aromatherapy on sleep quality and anxiety of patients. Nurs Crit Care. 2017;22(2):105-12. [DOI:10.1111/nicc.12198] [PMID]
12. O'Flaherty L-A, van Dijk M, Albertyn R, Millar A, Rode H. Aromatherapy massage seems to enhance relaxation in children with burns: an observational pilot study. Burns. 2012;38(6):840-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2012.01.007] [PMID]
13. Yeganehkhah M, Mohammady-Shahbalagy F, Khankeh H, Rahgozar M. The effect of slow stroke back massages on anxiety, primigravid women. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2008;21(54):73-83.
14. Steflitsch W, Steflitsch M. Clinical aromatherapy. Journal of Men's Health. 2008;5(1):74-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.jomh.2007.11.001]
15. Seyyed-Rasooli A, Salehi F, Mohammadpoorasl A, Goljaryan S, Seyyedi Z, Thomson B. Comparing the effects of aromatherapy massage and inhalation aromatherapy on anxiety and pain in burn patients: A single-blind randomized clinical trial. Burns. 2016;42(8):1774-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2016.06.014] [PMID]
16. Kim Y-J, Lee MS, Yang YS, Hur M-H. Self-aromatherapy massage of the abdomen for the reduction of menstrual pain and anxiety during menstruation in nurses: a placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Integr Med. 2011;3(3):e165-e8. [DOI:10.1016/j.eujim.2011.08.007]
17. Field T, Hernandez-Reif M, Diego M, Fraser M. Lower back pain and sleep disturbance are reduced following massage therapy. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2007;11(2):141-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.03.001]
18. Ardabili FM, Purhajari S, Ghezeljeh TN, Haghani H. The effect of shiatsu massage on pain reduction in burn patients. World J Plast Surg. 2014;3(2):115. [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Mueller XM, Tinguely F, Tevaearai HT, Revelly J-P, Chioléro R, von Segesser LK. Pain location, distribution, and intensity after cardiac surgery. Chest. 2000;118(2):391-6. [DOI:10.1378/chest.118.2.391] [PMID]
20. Rahzani K, Taleghani F, Nasrabadi AN. Disfiguring burns and the experienced reactions in Iran: consequences and strategies—a qualitative study. Burns. 2009;35(6):875-81. [DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2008.11.003] [PMID]
21. da Cunha Batalha LM, Mota AA. Massage in children with cancer: effectiveness of a protocol. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013;89(6):595-600. [DOI:10.1016/j.jped.2013.03.022] [PMID]
22. Price L, Price S. Aromatherapy for Health Professionals E-Book: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2011.
23. Black JM, Hawks JH, Keene AM. Medical-surgical nursing: Clinical management for positive outcomes: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.
24. Jane S-W, Chen S-L, Wilkie DJ, Lin Y-C, Foreman SW, Beaton RD, et al. Effects of massage on pain, mood status, relaxation, and sleep in Taiwanese patients with metastatic bone pain: a randomized clinical trial. PAIN®. 2011;152(10):2432-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.pain.2011.06.021] [PMID]
25. Parlak Gürol A, Polat S, Nuran Akçay M. Itching, pain, and anxiety levels are reduced with massage therapy in burned adolescents. J Burn Care Res. 2010;31(3):429-32. [DOI:10.1097/BCR.0b013e3181db522c] [PMID]
26. Maryami Z, Modarres M, Taavoni S, Rahimi FA. The Effect of Foot Massage on Pain of Patients after Hysterectomy. Knowledge and Health. 2018;12(4):61-8.
27. Cutshall SM, Wentworth LJ, Engen D, Sundt TM, Kelly RF, Bauer BA. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, and tension in cardiac surgical patients: a pilot study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010;16(2):92-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2009.10.006] [PMID]
28. Atrak H, Khosh del M. Placebo And Patient Cheating. Ethics in science and technology. 2014;9(4):21-30.
29. Mok E, Woo CP. The effects of slow-stroke back massage on anxiety and shoulder pain in elderly stroke patients. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004;10(4):209-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctnm.2004.05.006] [PMID]
30. Ghasemi B, Arefinia M, Arefi NS. The Effect of Sport Massage on Consistency of Lymphocyte and Monocyte after One Session of Intense Exercise in Female Futsal Players. Scentific Information Database. 2012;2(6):17-25.
31. Meshgin Abadi N, Ramezani Badr F, Mahmoodi K. The Use of Aromatherapy Massage to Reduce Backpain after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI): A Semi-Experimental Study. ZUMS Journal. 2013;21(86):24-34.
32. Hall JE. Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology e-Book. St. Louis: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2015

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb