Manuscript Praparation


  Manuscript Preparation

  The manuscript should include: Title page; the Abstract; Introduction; Material & Methods; Results; Discussion& Conclusion; Acknowledgement and References.

  1-The title page: this page must include the complete title of the manuscript , the name of all authors with their highest qualifications, the department or institution to which they are attached, address for correspondence with telephone numbers, e-mail, and fax number(all in Persian & English).

  2-The Abstract: the abstract must not exceed 250-300 words. It must states the Background& Aims, Material & Methods, Results and Conclusion followed by 3-5 keywords. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of index medicus ( for key words. Please be careful that the abstract reflects the content of the article accurately.

  3-Introduction: should summarize the background and the rational for the study, as well as aim(s), assumptions and/or research questions. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusion of the study.

  4-Materials & Methods: this section should include exact method or observation or experiment (including the type of the study, design, sample, inclusion and exclusion criteria, instrumentation, validity and reliability of tools, and method of analysis). If an apparatus is used, its manufacturers name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. For patients, age, sex with mean age ± standard deviation must be given. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer program used. The info system used should be clearly mentioned. Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section. 1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project. 2) Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.

  5-Results: it must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The content of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long article may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.

  6-Discussion & Conclusion: this should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other workers. The authors are advised to include a summary of findings related to study aim(s), interpretation of the findings, clear and definite answer to the research questions, and suggestions for future studies. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and in conclusions that follow from them. It must be answered whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.

  7-Acknowledgement: all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in this section. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head that only provided general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

  - Short communication follows the same structure as original articles.


  Other details for manuscript preparation:

  Tables: in limited numbers (one per 3-4 pages) should be submitted with the captions placed above. Do not submit tables as photograph. Place explanatory matters in footnote not in the heading.

  Figures: should be in limited numbers, with high quality art work and mounted on separate pages. The captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, figures and text, simultaneously.

  Reference: 1) all manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant up to date references. 2) The author should reference to locally published studies by doing proper search and verify references against the original documents. 3) Iran Journal of Nursing has now adapted the Vancouver reference system and all submitted manuscripts should be in this style. 4) References must be numerated according to their presence in the text. Authors are advised to translate the Persian references into English. To do so, the title of article must be placed in {} and the word "Persian" must be added at the end of the reference, to indicate the Persian nature of the reference used. The journal title must be italic and in abbreviated form. You can find examples of references below. Please remember that where there are more than six authors, the sixth name followed by et al. will suffice.

  Articles in journals:

  Russell FD ,Coppell AL, Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Lsselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, et al. Davenport AP In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient. Bicohem pharmacol; 1998. 55: 697-701.


  Lodish H, Baltimore D. Molecular Cell Biology. 3rd ed. NewYork: Scientific American; 1995. P. 100-2.

  A chapter in a book:

  Porter RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiepileptic drugs. In: Katzung BG, editor. Basic and clinical pharmacology. 6th ed. Norwalk, CN: Appleton and Lange; 1995. P. 301-80.

  Articles presented in a conference:

  Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and Security in medical informatics. In: lun kc, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Reinhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th world congress on medical informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North – Holland; 1992. P. 1561-5.

  A book on a CD:

  Title of book on CD-ROM. Place of production, producer; year. Based on, Author/s or editors of book-title of book. Place of publication, publisher; year. Title of CD-ROM series or database. e.g.:

  Martindale: The complete drug reference [book on CD-ROM]. Englewood, Co: Micromedex; 1999. Based on, Parfitt K, editor.

  Martindale: the complete drug reference. London, pharmaceutical press; 1999. International Healthcare Series.

  A journal on a CD:

  Gershon ES. Antisocial behavior. Arch Gen Psychiatry [Serial on CD-ROM] 1995; 52: 900-901.

  An online journal:

  Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: The ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6): [about3p.]. Available from: AJN/2002/jun/ Wawatch.htm . Accessed December 25, 2002.

  Monograph on the Internet:

  Foley KM, Gelband H. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: 030974029/html/. Accessed August 21, 2001.

  Homepage on the internet:

  Cancer-Pain Org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: . Accessed Nov 20, 2002.

  A part of homepage/website:

  American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002[updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from: 1736.html. Accessed Jun 12, 2002.

  Open database:

  Who's Certified [database on the Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. C2000-[cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: Accessed October 5 , 2001.

  Closed database:

  Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). C1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from: jablonski/syndrome /title.html. Accessed April 10, 2002.

  Database on the Internet:

  Mesh Browser [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002-[cited 2003 Jun 10]. Meta-analysis; unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from: files updated weekly. Accessed Agust 23, 2003.

  For more information please visit:

  Additional information

  Proof Reading: A computer print out is sent to the corresponding author for proof reading before publication in order to avoid any mistakes. Corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to the Journal office.

  Abbreviations and symbols: Use only standard abbre­viations. Avoid using them in the title and ab­stract. The full term for which an abbre­viation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a stan­dard unit of measurement.

  Conflicts of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.

  If the author does not have any conflict of interests the following statement should be included: "No conflict of Interests has been declared by the authors"

  Page charges: There are no charges for publication in this Journal.

  Peer review process: All manuscripts are considered to be confidential. They are peer-reviewed by at least 2 anonymous reviewers selected by the Editorial Board. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor decision to accept, reject, or requires modifications. If the manuscript is completely acceptable according to the criteria set forth in these instructions, it is scheduled for the next available issue. The corresponding author will be supplied with 2 free issues.

  Disposal of material: Once published, all copies of the manuscript, correspondence and artwork will be held for 6 months before disposal.

  The Final Checklist

  The authors must ensure that before submitting the manuscript for publication, they have taken care of the following:

  1. Title page should contain title, name of the author/co-authors, their qualifications, designation & institutions they are affiliated with a mailing address for future correspondence, E-mail address, Phone & Fax number.

  2. Abstract in structured format up to 300 words.

  3. References mentioned as stated in the Instruction to Authors section.

  4. Tables should be typed on separate pages.

  5. Make sure for headings of Tables, their numbers and captions of illustrations. Don’t repeat the information in tables if it is covered in the text.

  6. Photographs / illustrations along with their captions.

  7. Covering letter of undertaking signed by all the authors.

  8. Disclosure regarding source of funding and conflict of interest if any besides approval of the study from respective Ethics Committee/Institution Review Board.

  The Editor-in-Chief,

 Soodabeh Joolaee RN, PHD

  Iran Journal of Nursing

  P.O. Box: 6459, Iran

  Tel/Fax: + 98-21- 88671613 / 98-21-43651230



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