Manuscript Praparation

Aims and Scope: The "Iran Journal of Nursing" (IJN) is an open access, official, scientific and peer-reviewed bimonthly publication of Iran University of Medical Sciences in cooperation with Iranian Nursing Scientific Association. The journal contributes to the advancement of nursing and health care by disseminating high quality research and scholarly papers. IJN focuses more on original articles that contribute to the development of basic knowledge in quality nursing and health care, nursing education, nursing ethics, management and policy-making. However, review articles, case reports, short communications and letters to the editor in all nursing fields are also welcome.
Peer review process: All manuscripts submitted in the journal are initially reviewed by editor and associate editors. Manuscripts must comply with the journal’s instructions for authors. Failure to meet the aims and scope of the journal and lack of proper structure can lead to the rejection of the manuscript. So, if a manuscript is not rejected in initial assessment, it is then sent out for review typically to two or three reviewers, but sometimes to more reviewers if special advice is needed (for example on statistics or a particular technique). We operate a double blind review process, where both the reviewer and author remain anonymous. A minimum of two experts must review the papers to evaluate their scientific quality. Reviewers are experts in their field and they are usually academic members of different universities of medical sciences around the country.
In case of conflicting feedback, the journal editor often sends the paper to another reviewer. Reviewer invitations are sent by email from the submission system. Reviewers should use the links to accept or decline the invitation. Reviews must be entered in the submission system. We often ask the reviewers to offer additional comments on the manuscript to the editor.
Authors should answer to reviewer’s comments in a table and clearly show the revisions in the text, either with a different color text, by highlighting the changes, or with the Microsoft words track changes feature. Finally, the journal editor and associate editor consider the feedback provided by the reviewers and make decisions to accept or reject papers based on their opinions of the papers’ publication worthiness and reviewers’ comments. The decisions may be accept without any changes, accept with minor revisions, accept after major revisions, revise and resubmit and reject the paper.
The peer review is completed once all the reviewers send the journal a detailed report with their comments on the manuscript. Typically, the journal asks the reviewers to complete their reviews within 4 weeks. However, our journal has a mechanism to enforce the deadline. The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor’s final decision. If the manuscript is completely acceptable according to the criteria set forth in these instructions, it will be scheduled for the next available issue.
Publication Ethics: IJN is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and follows publishing standards set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE; IJN uses the Crossref software to check similarities between the submitted manuscripts and any other published paper. For human subjects, the author should ensure that the work has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans. The patients' written informed consent, registration code (for clinical trials), Ethics Committee and/or Independent Review Board (IRB) approval should be documented in the Methods section of the paper. The Editors reserve the right to refuse publications where the required ethical approval/patient consent is lacking. Authors should declare any conflicts of interest and include appropriate acknowledgements and funding statements in the manuscript.
Submission: manuscripts could be submitted electronically.
Please submit your paper via journal URL:
Manuscript must be accompanied by a covering letter to the editor-in-chief, including title and author(s) name and a statement that it has not been published or submitted elsewhere.
In case the manuscript was earlier submitted in some other journal and was rejected, the authors must provide full information for proper analysis. Manuscript should be typed in double space font B lotus & size 14 on one side of the A4 size paper with clear margins on both sides. The length of manuscript must not exceed 6000 words for review articles and 5000 words for original papers including the main text, charts, tables, and photographs. Tables and illustrations should be placed at the end of the text. Do not submit tables as photographs.
The authors must declare that the manuscript has been exclusively submitted to IJN. The text should be submitted in Microsoft word 2007 format. The figures should be sent in a format of JPEG or GIF.
Manuscript Preparation
The manuscript should include: Title page; the Abstract; Introduction; Material & Methods; Results; Discussion & Conclusion; Acknowledgement and References.
1-The title page: this page should contain the full title of the manuscript, all authors name and highest academic degree, department or institution, postal address for corresponding author with telephone numbers, e-mail, and fax number (all in Persian & English).
2-The Abstract: the abstract must be under 300 words. The structure of abstract should be the Background & Aims, Material & Methods, Results, Conclusion and be followed by 3-5 keywords selected from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of index medicus (
3-Introduction: this section should include the significance of the research, the background and the rational for the study, as well as aim(s), hypothesis and/or research questions. No extensive reviews of studies or data or conclusions from the current study should be reported.
4-Materials & Methods: this section should include all information needed to duplicate the study (including the type of study, design, sample, inclusion and exclusion criteria, validity and reliability of tools, and method of analysis). Statistical method should be mentioned by specifying any computer program used. The information system used should be clearly mentioned. Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section. 1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. 2) In reporting animal and/or human studies, state that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided approval. Moreover, it is necessary to include a completed CONSORT checklist (available at: for reporting randomized clinical trials.
5-Results: this section should be presented in the form of text, tables and figures. Tables and figures should be cited in the text in numerical order. The contents of the tables should not be repeated in the text of manuscript. Long article may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.
6-Discussion & Conclusion: this section should emphasize the current findings and the discrepancies or similarities with other studies conducted in the relevant field. The detailed data should not be repeated in this section. The authors are advised to include a summary of findings related to study aim(s), comparison of the findings with other studies conducted in Iran and the world, interpretation of the findings, clear answer to the research questions, and suggestions for future studies.
7-Acknowledgement: all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be acknowledged in this section, including those who provided technical and writing assistance. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. In articles derived from thesis, the research project number, field of study and degree should be reported in this section.
Other details for manuscript preparation:
Tables: the captions of the tables should be placed above. Do not submit tables as photographs. Place explanatory matters in footnote not in the heading.
Figures: should be in limited numbers, with high quality art work and mounted on separate files. The captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, figures and text, simultaneously.
Reference: all manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant up-to-date references in the Vancouver style. References should be enumerated according to their presence in the text. Authors are advised to translate the Persian references into English. To do so, the title of article must be placed in {} and the word "Persian" must be added at the end of the reference, to indicate the Persian nature of the reference used. The journal title must be italic and in abbreviated form. When there are more than six authors, list the first six followed by et al. Sample references are:
Articles in journals:
Russell FD ,Coppell AL, Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Lsselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, et al. Davenport AP In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient. Bicohem pharmacol; 1998. 55: 697-701.
Lodish H, Baltimore D. Molecular Cell Biology. 3rd ed. NewYork: Scientific American; 1995. P. 100-2.
A chapter in a book:
Porter RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiepileptic drugs. In: Katzung BG, editor. Basic and clinical pharmacology. 6th ed. Norwalk, CN: Appleton and Lange; 1995. P. 301-80.
Articles presented in a conference:
Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and Security in medical informatics. In: lun kc, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Reinhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th world congress on medical informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North – Holland; 1992. P. 1561-5.
A book on a CD:
Title of book on CD-ROM. Place of production, producer; year. Based on, Author/s or editors of book-title of book. Place of publication, publisher; year. Title of CD-ROM series or database. e.g.:
Martindale: The complete drug reference [book on CD-ROM]. Englewood, Co: Micromedex; 1999. Based on, Parfitt K, editor.
Martindale: the complete drug reference. London, pharmaceutical press; 1999. International Healthcare Series.
A journal on a CD:
Gershon ES. Antisocial behavior. Arch Gen Psychiatry [Serial on CD-ROM] 1995; 52: 900-901.
An online journal:
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: The ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6): [about3p.]. Available from: AJN/2002/jun/ Wawatch.htm. Accessed December 25, 2002.
Monograph on the Internet:
Foley KM, Gelband H. Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: 030974029/html/. Accessed August 21, 2001.
Homepage on the internet:
Cancer-Pain Org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: Accessed Nov 20, 2002.
A part of homepage/website:
American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002[updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from: 1736.html. Accessed Jun 12, 2002.
Open database:
Who's Certified [database on the Internet]. Evanston (IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. C2000-[cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: Accessed October 5, 2001.
Closed database:
Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). C1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from: jablonski/syndrome/title.html. Accessed April 10, 2002.
Database on the Internet:
Mesh Browser [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002-[cited 2003 Jun 10].
Meta-analysis; unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from: files updated weekly. Accessed Agust 23, 2003.
For more information please visit:
Additional information
Proofs: after acceptance of the article, the corresponding author is sent page proofs for checking the production. Corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to the Journal office.
Abbreviations and symbols: Use only standard abbre­viations. Avoid using them in the title and ab­stract. The full term for which an abbre­viation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a stan­dard unit of measurement.
Conflicts of interest:  Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it. If the author does not have any conflict of interests the following statement should be included: "No conflict of Interests has been declared by the authors"
Page charges: There are no charges for publication in this Journal.
The Editor-in-Chief,
Sodabeh Joolaee RN, PHD
Iran Journal of Nursing
P.O. Box: 6459, Iran
Tel/Fax: + 98-21- 88671613

English Abstract Guidelines 

In writing the abstract, please make sure that the English abstract must be equivalent to the Persian abstract. Further additions, deletions, and modifications to the target text are not acceptable. It goes without saying that the English spelling, grammar, and formal academic style and conventions should be used.
Please ensure that the following items are present in the English abstract:

Items Description
Title The title should be concise and informative.
• Centered
• Initial capitalization
• No capitalization for prepositions
  1. cademic Discourse of Native Speakers: A Mixed Method Approach
Name and Affiliation The authors’ surname, initial of first name, and academic status should be mentioned.
§  Zeinab Nasrollahi; Bachelor of Science should be: Nasrollahi Z., BS
§  Zeinab Nasrollahi; Master of Science should be: Nasrollahi Z., MS
§  Zeinab Nasrollahi; PhD Student should be: Nasrollahi Z., PhD Stu. (For those who have not passed the comprehensive exam)
§  Zeinab Nasrollahi; PhD Candidate should be: Nasrollahi Z., PhD Cand. (For those who have passed the comprehensive exam)
§  Zeinab Nasrollahi; PhD Holder should be: Nasrollahi Z., PhD
The corresponding author should be starred*.
Background & Aim Should be translated based on the Persian abstract.
Materials & Methods Should be translated based on the Persian abstract.
Results Should be translated based on the Persian abstract.
Conclusion Should be translated based on the Persian abstract.
Keywords Should be translated based on the Persian keywords. The keywords should be initial capitalized, separated by comma, and in order of importance (i.e. not necessarily in an alphabetical order)
Example: Nursing, Anxiety, Social media, Twitter
Footnote The authors’ full affiliation should be brought in the footnote in an ascending order, i.e. Academic degree, Department, School/faculty, University/Institute, City, Country. (Initial capitalization and no capitalization for prepositions).
(*Corresponding Author): Ensure that the e-mail address and contact number is mentioned in the footnote.
·         PhD (PhD Candidate/BS/MS/Associate Professor, etc.) in Nursing, Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Please ensure that the following styles and points are observed in the English abstract:
Style and Punctuation
  • Use space after commas, colons, semicolons. Exceptions: U.S., a.m., e.g., i.e.
  • Insert spaces between numbers if the following mathematical symbols are used: ≈, ≡, <, >, =, +, «minus», ×, and ÷.
  • Do not insert spaces between these symbols: /, |…|, ~, and %. Example: a ± b NOT  a±b
Periods Use periods with:
·         To separate the integer part from the fractional part of a number, use the decimal point “.” and not slash “/”, i.e. 5.22 not 5/22 OR 0.005 and not 0/005
·         With initials. Example:  J. Stewards
·         Latin abbreviations. Example: etc.; vol.; ed.; p. (page); a.m.; p.m.
Don’t use periods with:
  • Acronyms and all-cap abbreviations
  • After Internet or email addresses
  • Units of measure (cm, ft, mg, min, hr, lb), except for inch (use in.)
  • Between items in a list, including before “and” and “or” (Example: height, width, and depth)
  • March 19, 1980, was a good day (Exception: March 1980 was a good month)
  • Citations (Miller, 1980)
  • In numbers of 1,000 or more to separate groups of three (Exceptions: page numbers, temperatures, acoustic frequencies, degrees of freedom)
Other Punctuations
  • Multiple citations: (Miller, 1980; Smith & Jones, 1999)
  •  Ratios: 2:1
  • To represent per in units of measurement: 7 mg/kg
  • Most prefixes and suffixes do not require a hyphen (Example: antisocial, sociodemographic, coworker)
  • Use dash in ranges and compound words (Example: quasi-experimental, cross-sectional, test-retest)
Numbers Use numerals with:
  •  10 and higher, including ordinals
  • 5 mg
  • 5%
  • 8th percentile
  • Units of time: 5 hr, 3 years old, 9 p.m.
  • 5-point scale
Spell out numbers:
  • Beginning a sentence, e.g., Twenty houses….
  •  Two-thirds majority, one tenth of the class
  • When two numbers abut (e.g., fifteen 8-point scales, 2 one-way ANOVA)
  • Ordinals from first to ninth
  • Titles of books, periodicals, films, videos, etc.
  • To introduce a new or key term (only on first reference)
  •  Statistical symbols: SDpR
Dates The dates should be according to the Gregorian Calendar.
·         2 دی 1395 should be converted to 22 Dec. 2017

Derived from: American Psychological Association (2012). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Ed. Washington, DC: Author.

English Abstract Outline

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