Volume 30, Issue 107 (August 2017)                   IJN 2017, 30(107): 32-41 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Monfared A, Ghanbari A, Jansar Hosseini L, Norozi N. Status of Screening by Mammography and its Related Factors in the General Population of Women in Rasht . IJN. 2017; 30 (107) :32-41
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2487-en.html
MS in nursing, Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (*Corresponding author) Tel: 09112373094 Email: lhoseini@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2795 Views)
Abstract
Background & Aim: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. Screening by mammography is the most sensitive and specific test that can be used for early detection of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the state of screening by mammography and its related factors in a population of women in Rasht.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted on 1,000 women by systematic sampling in Rasht during 2014-2015. Data collection by socio-demographic questionnaire and screening status was done via phone. Then, data were analyzed by SPSS 16 and T-Test, Chi-square test and logistic regression.
Results: The mean of the age of women was 49.43  ±10.18 years. 45% of women had done mammography. In 80% of women, repeat screening intervals was more than 3 years. The average age of the first mammography was 44.1 ± 9.2 years. 68.4% of women noted that screening is because of checking their health status. 65.3% of women have announced that they did not do screening because they had no problem, and 3.4% have said that they did not have enough information about screening.
Conclusions: The findings of this study revealed that most women do not realize the need for screening and doing that on regular basis. Therefore, it is suggested that preventive measures, as a general education, should be considered in order to raise awareness and provide conditions for mammography to reduce disease prevalence, improve health status, reduce costs resulted from breast cancer among female population.
Full-Text [PDF 634 kb]   (1719 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/05/9 | Accepted: 2017/08/15 | Published: 2017/08/15

References
1. Group UCSW. United States cancer statistics: 1999–2006 incidence and mortality web-based report. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. 2010.
2. WHO (2015). Breast cancer: prevention and control. http:// www. who.int/cancer/ detection / breastcancer/en/index1.
3. Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2015. CA Cancer J Clin. 2015;65(1):5-29. [DOI:10.3322/caac.21254] [PMID]
4. Berek J. Berek & Novak, s gynecology. Berek JS, Berek & Novak, s gynecology 14th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012; 1606-26. 2012.
5. Romeiro LT, Franca GA, Demitto MO, Brischiliari S, Borghesan D, Dell AC, et al. Mammographic Screening of Women Attending a Reference Service Center in Southern Brazil. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP. 2016;17(3):1385-91. [DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2016.17.3.1385]
6. Hacihasanogˇlu R, Gözüm S. The effect of training on the knowledge levels and beliefs regarding breast self-examination on women attending a public education centre. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008;12(1):58-64. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejon.2007.06.005] [PMID]
7. Alaei NF, Abbasian M, Delvarianzadeh M. [Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and skills among the health volunteers regarding the breast self-examination in Shahroud]. Journal of Knowledge & Health. 2007; 2(2):4-9.
8. Hassanzadeh R, Rahimi R, Ranjbar M, Heidarzadeh M. [Health Beliefs in Screening for Breast Cancer among Women Referring to Bonab Health Centers in 2014]. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences 2015; 14(7).
9. Avci IA. Factors associated with breast self-examination practices and beliefs in female workers at a Muslim community. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008;12(2):127-33. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejon.2007.11.006] [PMID]
10. Hossain SZ, Robinson L, Clarke J. Breast cancer knowledge and participation in breast screening practices among Southeast Asian women living in Sydney. GSTF Journal of Nursing and Health Care (JNHC). 2016;3(2).
11. Welch HG, Prorok PC, O'Malley AJ, Kramer BS. Breast-cancer tumor size, overdiagnosis, and mammography screening effectiveness. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(15):1438-47. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa1600249] [PMID]
12. Tavakolian L, Boniadi F, Malekzadeh E. [The investigation of factors associated with breast cancer screening among Kazeroon women aged 20-65 in 2013].Nurs J Vulnerable. 2015;1(1):17-31.
13. Nelson HD, Tyne K, Naik A, Bougatsos C, Chan BK, Humphrey L. Screening for breast cancer: an update for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(10):727-37. [DOI:10.7326/0003-4819-151-10-200911170-00009] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Hofvind S, Ursin G, Tretli S, Sebuødegård S, Møller B. Breast cancer mortality in participants of the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program. Cancer. 2013;119(17):3106-12. [DOI:10.1002/cncr.28174] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. SalimiPormehr S, Kariman N, Sheykhan Z, AlaviMajd H. [Investigation of breast cancer screening tests performance and affecting factors in women referred to Ardebil's health and medical centers, 2009]. Journal of Ardabil University of medical sciences. 2010;10(4):310-8.
16. Sakkaki M, Gozaliyan Z, Hajimiri KH, Badiei H, Mohajeri M. [Women's knowledge and beliefs about mammography based on HBM constructs]. J Health Syst Res. 2014; 10(4):729-38.
17. Seyed Nt, Zahmatkesh T, Molaee T, Akbari P, Haghi Z, Mohseni Ap. [Risk Assessment of Developing Breast Cancer by Utilizing Gail Model in Referring Persons at the Public Specialized Women Hospital]. Iran Breast Diseases. 2009;1(2): 53-7.
18. Farshbaf KA, Shahnazi M, Ghahvehchi A, Torabi S. [Performance conditions of breast cancer screening methods and its efficient factors among women referring to health centers of Tabriz]. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2009; 4(13):27-38.
19. Killelea BK, Long JB, Chagpar AB, Ma X, Wang R, Ross JS, et al. Evolution of breast cancer screening in the Medicare population: clinical and economic implications. JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2014;106(8). [DOI:10.1093/jnci/dju159] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Elobaid YE, Aw TC, Grivna M, Nagelkerke N. Breast cancer screening awareness, knowledge, and practice among Arab women in the United Arab Emirates: a cross-sectional survey. PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e105783. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0105783] [PMID] [PMCID]
21. Dourado F, Carreira H, Lunet N. Mammography use for breast cancer screening in Portugal: results from the 2005/2006 National Health Survey. Eur J Public Health. 2012;23(3):386-92. [DOI:10.1093/eurpub/cks103] [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Jedi arani t, Moazami a, Gharlipour z, Alin gholinpour a, Azar abdar t. [Study of motivational factors and causes of nonparticipation to breast and cervical cancer screening tests among women attending health centers in Kashan city]. Scientific Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. 2014; 22(3):137-48.
23. Rezaee Ghazdehi M, Amini L, Parvizi S, Hoseyni AF. [Attitudinal barriers to mammography screening among women in Tehran]. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2013;23(99):69-75.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb