جلد 33، شماره 123 - ( اردیبهشت 1399 )                   جلد 33 شماره 123 صفحات 21-6 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Lalehkani M, Davati A, Isanejad A, Jadid-Milani M. The Correlation between Happiness and Self-transcendence in the Elderly of Khoshkrud, Zarandieh City. IJN. 2020; 33 (123) :6-21
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3157-fa.html
لاله‌‌کانی محبوبه، دواتی علی، عیسی نژاد امین، جدید میلانی مریم. ارتباط شادکامی با خود- تعالی در سالمندان شهر خشکرود شهرستان زرندیه. نشریه پرستاری ایران. 1399; 33 (123) :21-6

URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3157-fa.html


دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران (*نویسنده مسئول) شماره تماس: 021- 51212143 Email: milani@shahed.ac.ir
چکیده:   (2048 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: شادکامی و خود- تعالی از عوامل مهم در ابعاد سلامت سالمندان هستند. شادکامی یکی از نیازهای مهم انسان است که در سلامت روان و سلامت جسمی تأثیر به‌سزایی دارد که در مقابله با موقعیت‌های استرس زا، به سالمندان کمک می‌کند. خود- تعالی به عنوان یک مکانیزم مقابله قدرتمند بوده و می‌تواند منجر به تحول شخصی شود و بهبود کیفیت زندگی را فراهم کند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین ارتباط شادکامی با خود- تعالی در سالمندان شهرخشکرود شهرستان زرندیه استان مرکزی در سال 1398 انجام شد.  
روش بررسی: این پژوهش مقطعی از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی- همبستگی اسـت. نمونههای پژوهش از بین سالمندان شهر خشکرود مراجعه کننده به مرکز‌ جامع ‌سلامت به روش مستمر از مهر تا آذر 1398 انتخاب شدند. ابزار آزمون کوتاه‌ شناختی، فهرست شادکامی آکسفورد، و پرسشنامه خود- تعالی برای جمع آوری داده استفاده شدند. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها در نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 16 از آزمون‌های آمار استباطی پارامتریک (ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، آزمون تی مستقل و آنالیز واریانس) استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین شادکامی در سالمندان 3/14 ± 42/54 و میانگین سطح خود- تعالی 9/5 ± 4/39 بود. بین خود- تعالی با شادکامی (016/0=p، 263/0=r) و مؤلفه‌های رضایت از زندگی (001/0=p، 348/0=r) و رضایت خاطر (003/0=p، 325/0=r)، ارتباط مستقیم و معنی‌داری وجود داشت. بین سطح تحصیلات (به ترتیب 009/0=p، 038/0=p) با شادکامی و خود- تعالی، و بین شغل با شادکامی، اختلاف معنیدار وجود داشت (039/0=p). همچنین بین تعداد فرزندان (037/0=p) و نحوه سکونت (028/0=p) با خود- تعالی نیز تفاوت معنی‌داری مشاهده شد.
بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد، ارتباط مستقیم و معنی‌داری بین خود- تعالی با شادکامی وجود دارد. با توجه به نتایج، توصیه میشود خانواده‌ها و مسئولین از طریق برآورده کردن نیازهای مادی، اجتماعی و معنوی سالمندان، زمینه افزایش توانایی درک و پذیرش خویشتن، احساس رضایت خاطر و شادی را در آن‌ها ایجاد کنند که سلامت آن‌ها را به دنبال دارد و با ایجاد محیط شاد و با نشاط عملکرد آن‌ها ارتقاء می‌یابد که تبعات مثبتی برای سالمند، خانواده و جامعه به دنبال دارد. همچنین شرایطی فراهم شود تا آن‌ها از تجارب یکدیگر بهره‌مند شده و حضور در جمع سبب ارتقاء سلامت آن‌ها شود.
متن کامل [PDF 1093 kb]   (669 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: پرستاری
دریافت: 1398/10/16 | پذیرش: 1399/1/18 | انتشار: 1399/1/18

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