Volume 30, Issue 109 (December 2017)                   IJN 2017, 30(109): 10-22 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Torabizadeh C, Hoseini F, Parvane A, Yazdanbakhsh Z. The Relationship between Educators’ Clinical Behavior and Nursing Students’ Learning in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2015. IJN. 2017; 30 (109) :10-22
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2534-en.html

PhD Candidate of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. (Corresponding Author) Tel: +98 71 36474252 Email: fhosseini23@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (121 Views)
Background & Aims: Clinical education is the heart of nursing profession. The available clinical educations do not empower students for gaining clinical competency and skills. Because educator’s performance and behavior is one of the main determinants of effective clinical education, the present study aimed to determine the relationship between educators’ clinical behaviors and students’ learning in shiraz university of medical sciences.
Material & Methods: This descriptive, correlational study was conducted on 128 nursing students selected through the convenience sampling. The students’ viewpoints were assessed regarding the extent to which educational behaviors are applied by nursing educators as well as the effectiveness of these behaviors in students’ learning. The data were collected using the Nursing Clinical Teacher Effectiveness Inventory (NCTEI) developed by Knox and Morgan. Then, the data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient using the SPSS software version 19.
Results: There was a significant positive relationship between the educational behaviors applied by the clinical educators and the effectiveness of these behaviors in nursing students’ learning (P=0.001, r=0.71). Regarding educational behaviors, the results showed that the teaching ability and personality traits had the highest and lowest priority, respectively. Also considering the effectiveness of these behaviors in learning, teaching ability and evaluation gained the highest and lowest priority, respectively.
Conclusion: The effective educational behaviors of educators lead to improve the nursing students’ learning. According to the results of the study, there is a need to improve the educators’ conditions for doing effective clinical behaviors in the areas of educators’ personality traits and student evaluation methods. In this regard, the use of educational programs to show the importance of doing educational behaviors related to the mentioned areas by clinical educators and their effects on students learning can be very beneficial.
Full-Text [PDF 816 kb]   (59 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/09/5 | Accepted: 2017/12/4 | Published: 2017/12/4

1. Valizadeh S, Mohammadpour Y, Parvan K, Lakdizaji S. [The effect of outcome-based education on nursing students' clinical competency]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2009;9(2):157-66. Persian
2. Steven A, Magnusson C, Smith P, Pearson PH. Patient safety in nursing education: contexts, tensions and feeling safe to learn. Nurse Educ Today. 2014;34(2):277-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2013.04.025]
4. Levett-Jones T, Lathlean J. Belongingness: A prerequisite for nursing students' clinical learning. Nurse Educ Pract. 2008;8(2):103-11. [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2007.04.003]
6. Vogel D, Harendza S. Basic practical skills teaching and learning in undergraduate medical education–a review on methodological evidence. GMS J Med Educ. 2016;33(4).
7. Papastavrou E, Dimitriadou M, Tsangari H, Andreou C. Nursing students' satisfaction of the clinical learning environment: a research study. BMC Nurs. 2016;15(1):44. [DOI:10.1186/s12912-016-0164-4]
9. Bjørk IT, Berntsen K, Brynildsen G, Hestetun M. Nursing students' perceptions of their clinical learning environment in placements outside traditional hospital settings. J Clin Nurs. 2014;23(19-20):2958-67. [DOI:10.1111/jocn.12532]
11. Poindexter, Kathleen A. Essential Novice Nurse Educator Role Competencies and Qualifications to Teach INA Pre-Licensure Registered Nurse Education Program. Dissertation for the degree of Ph.D. Department of Education Leadership, Research and Technology. Western Michigan University Kalamazoo, Michigan, 2008.
12. Mazahery A, Mohammadi R, Naseri R. [Assess of clinical educational effective behaviors in educators from the perspective of nursing students of Ardebil university medical of sciences]. journal of health and care. 2011; 12(3): 57-63. Persian
13. Ismail LM-N, Aboushady RM-N, Eswi A. Clinical instructor's behavior: Nursing student's perception toward effective clinical instructor's characteristics. J Nurs Educ Pract. 2015;6(2):96-105. [DOI:10.5430/jnep.v6n2p96]
15. Ghodsbin F, Shafakhah M. [Facilitating and preventing factors in learning clinical skills from the viewpoints of the third year students of Fatemeh school of nursing and midwifery]. Iranian journal of medical education. 2008;7(2):343-52. Persian
16. Sharghi NR, Alami A, Khosravan S, Mansoorian MR, Ekrami A. [Academic training and clinical placement problems to achieve nursing competency]. Journal of advances in medical education & professionalism. 2015;3(1):15-20. Persian
17. Rassouli M, Zagheri Tafreshi M, Esmaeil M. [Challenges in clinical nursing education in Iran and strategies]. Clinical Excellence. 2014;2(1):11-22. Persian. Jokar F, Haghani F. [Nursing clinical education, the challenges facing: A Review Article]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2011;10(5):1153-60. Persian. Obeidi N, Motamed N. pComparison of Students' And Teachers' Viewpoints About Clinical Education environment: A Study in Paramedical and Nursing & Midwifery Schools of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences].‌Strides‌in Development of Medical Education. 2011;8(1):88-93. Persian. Mahmoudifar Y. [Field clinical educations in the view of educational instructors and nursing students]. Education Strategies in Medical Sciences. 2009;2(1):5-6. Persian
18. Mabuda BT, Potgieter E, Alberts U. Student nurses' experiences during clinical practice in the Limpopo Province. Curationis. 2008;31(1):19-27. [DOI:10.4102/curationis.v31i1.901]
20. Rostami H, Rahmani A, Ghahramanian A, Zamanzadeh V. [Clinical performance of nurse trainers from viewpoints of student nurses and nurse trainers of Azad Islamic University]. IJN. 2010, 22(62):22-31 Persian
21. Perez FA, Allareddy V, Howell H, Karimbux N. Comparison of clinical productivity of senior dental students in a dental school teaching clinic versus community externship rotations. J Dent Educ. 2010;74(10):1125-32.
22. Kube ML. The Relationship of Nursing Faculty Clinical Teaching Behaviors to Student Learning: ERIC. Dissertation for the degree of Doctor in Education. College of Saint Mary, 2010.
23. Beech B. Aggression prevention training for student nurses: differential responses to training and the interaction between theory and practice. Nurse Educ Pract. 2008;8(2):94-102. [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2007.04.004]
25. Mogan J, Knox JE. Characteristics of 'best'and 'worst'clinical teachers as perceived by university nursing faculty and students. J Adv Nurs. 1987;12(3):331-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1987.tb01339.x]
27. Ramezani T, Dortaj RA. [Characteristics of Effective Teachers and Pertinent Effective Educational Factors According to the Teachers and Students'point of View in Schools of Nursing, Kerman University of Medical Sciences]. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2009; 6(2): 139-48. Persian
28. Adelman-Mullally T, Mulder CK, McCarter-Spalding DE, Hagler DA, Gaberson KB, Hanner MB, et al. The clinical nurse educator as leader. Nurse Educ Pract. 2013;13(1):29-34. [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2012.07.006]
30. Parsh B. Nursing student and faculty perceptions of the characteristics of effective instructors in the simulated clinical experience. Dissertation for the degree of Doctor in Education. The faculty of the school of education learning and instruction department, 2009.
31. Pazargadi M, Ashktorab T, Khosravi S. [Nursing studentsexperiences and perspectives on the clinical characteristics of instructorsin clinical evaluation]. J Nurs Educ. 2012;1(1):1-13. Persian
32. Clinical teacher effectiveness in medicine. J Med Educ. 1978; 53(10): 808-15.
33. Niederriter JE, Eyth D, Thoman J. Nursing Students' Perceptions on Characteristics of an Effective Clinical Instructor. SAGE Open Nursing. 2017;3:1-8. [DOI:10.1177/2377960816685571]
35. Nazari R, Mohammadi E. [Characteristics of competent clinical instructors: a review of the experiences of nursing students and instructors]. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences. 2015;2(2):11-22. Persian
36. Barham VZ. Identifying effective behavior of the nursing instructor through critical incidents. Nurs Res. 1965;14(1):65-8. [DOI:10.1097/00006199-196501410-00023]
38. Sand-Jecklin K. Student Evaluation of Clinical Education Environment (SECEE): instrument development and validation.[cited 2009 Jun 2]. Available from: http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu:8881//exlibris/dtl/d3_1/apache_media/5897.pdf

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb