Volume 29, Number 104 (February 2017)                   IJN 2017, 29(104): 66-74 | Back to browse issues page


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Margdari Nejad M, Kazemi S, kord F, Khosravi M, Sanagoo A, Jouybari L. The Prevalence of Non-Prescription Drugs and Related Factors in Students of Medical Sciences in 1392. IJN. 2017; 29 (104) :66-74
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2397-en.html

Associate Professor, PhD, Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. (*Corresponding author) Tel: 09112703978 Email: sanagoo@goums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (585 Views)

Background & Aim: The scientific advances have been caused more access to the medication. The easy accessibility as harmful social phenomena (i.e misuse of medication) is widespread problem in many countries. Self-medication is one of the greatest social and economic health problems of the country. The aim of study was to explore prevalence of self-medication practice among medical students and its relationship with some factors.

Material & Methods: In this descriptive cross- sectional study using convince sampling 262 of the students were participated. The data collected by valid and reliable questionnaire consisted two parts; demographic and specific questions related to medication consumption. The data analyzed using SPSS.16 and interpreted by  Chi-Square and T-Tests.

Results: 51.1 percent of the students were of male. The most commonly used drugs were analgesics 84/8% (229 cases), antihistamines 76/4% (207 people), common cold medications. The most important factor for self-treatment (67.5%) was feeling no need to visit a doctor because of mild symptoms.  The most important source for the access to the medication was the pharmacy 34/1 stores.

Conclusions: The prevalence of self- medication with drugs without prescription was high. The most commonly used drugs were analgesics. The public education to increase awareness s0till seems necessary.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2016/11/17 | Accepted: 2017/02/16 | Published: 2017/02/16

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