Volume 29, Issue 104 (February 2017)                   IJN 2017, 29(104): 66-74 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Margdari Nejad M, Kazemi S, kord F, Khosravi M, Sanagoo A, Jouybari L. The Prevalence of Non-Prescription Drugs and Related Factors in Students of Medical Sciences in 1392. IJN. 2017; 29 (104) :66-74
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2397-en.html
Associate Professor, PhD, Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. (*Corresponding author) Tel: 09112703978 Email: sanagoo@goums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1090 Views)

Background & Aim: The scientific advances have been caused more access to the medication. The easy accessibility as harmful social phenomena (i.e misuse of medication) is widespread problem in many countries. Self-medication is one of the greatest social and economic health problems of the country. The aim of study was to explore prevalence of self-medication practice among medical students and its relationship with some factors.

Material & Methods: In this descriptive cross- sectional study using convince sampling 262 of the students were participated. The data collected by valid and reliable questionnaire consisted two parts; demographic and specific questions related to medication consumption. The data analyzed using SPSS.16 and interpreted by  Chi-Square and T-Tests.

Results: 51.1 percent of the students were of male. The most commonly used drugs were analgesics 84/8% (229 cases), antihistamines 76/4% (207 people), common cold medications. The most important factor for self-treatment (67.5%) was feeling no need to visit a doctor because of mild symptoms.  The most important source for the access to the medication was the pharmacy 34/1 stores.

Conclusions: The prevalence of self- medication with drugs without prescription was high. The most commonly used drugs were analgesics. The public education to increase awareness s0till seems necessary.

Full-Text [PDF 450 kb]   (337 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2016/11/17 | Accepted: 2017/02/16 | Published: 2017/02/16

1. Pirzadeh A. [Knowledge and practice among women about self-medication based on health belief model]. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2011;13(4):76-83. Persian.
2. Amani F, Shaker A, Mohaammadzadeh S, Sadegh M, Alaaf Akbari N, Sarrafe Smaeili S.[Drug use pattern between urban families in Ardabil city, Iran]. Journal of Payavard Salamat.2012;5(5):36-45. Persian.
3. Sketris IS, Langille Ingram E, Lummis HL. Strategic opportunities for effective optimal prescribing and medication management. Can J Clin Pharmacol. 2009;16(1):e103-25.
4. Kharqany Moghadam, M., Shojaeizadeh, D., Mahmoudi, M., Shojaeizadeh, A., Farhand, H.and Khalili, S. [Investigation the effect of education based on health belief model to prevent selfmedication in women referred to health centers in Sabzevar]. Journal of Health System Research,Special Health Training. 2013;18:76-88. Persian
5. Heidarnia A. [Factors influencing self-medication among elderly urban centers in Zarandieh based on Health Belief Model]. Arak Medical University Journal. 2011;14(5):70-8. Persian.
6. Ershadpour R, Zare Marzouni H, Kalani N. [Review survey of the reasons of the prevalence of self- medication among the people of Iran]. nnj.mums.ac.ir. 2015;18(60):16-23. Persian
7. Zafar SN, Syed R, Waqar S, Zubairi AJ, Vaqar T, Shaikh M, et al. [Self-medication amongst university students of Karachi: prevalence, knowledge and attitudes]. J Pak Med Assoc.2008;58(4):214. Persian.
8. Tabiei S, Farajzadeh Z, Eizadpanah A. Self-medication with drug amongst university students of Birjand. Modern Care Journal. 2012;9(4):371-8. Persian.
9. Masoudi Alavi N, Izadi F, Ebadi A, Hajbagheri A. [Self treatment experience in diabetes mellitus type 2]. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2009;10(6):581-8. Persian.
10. Masoudi Alavi N, Alami L, Taiefi S, Sadafi Z. [Self treatment in diabetes mellitus in Kashan]. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2010;12(3):237-42. Persian.
11. Okumura J, Wakai S, Umenai T. Drug utilisation and self-medication in rural communities in Vietnam. Soc Sci Med. 2002;54(12):1875-86.
12. Khaksar A, Nader F, Musavi-zadeh K. [A survey of the frequency of admini stering drugs without prescription among the students of medicine and engineering in 82-83]. Journal of Jahrom Uiversity of Medical Sciences. 2006;3(3):21-8. Persian.
13. Gh S, Mohebbi S, Motalebi M, Abbasi M, Rejati F, Tal A. [The prevalence and effective modifiable factors of self-medication based on the health belief model among elderly adults in Gonabad, Iran]. Health Sys Res. 2010.4:411-21. Persian.
14. Saeidinejat S, Movaffagh J, Setayesh Y, Esmaeil H. [Pattern of Benzodiazepine use in Outpatients in Mashad, Iran]. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2011;7(2):60-6. Persian.
15. Gelayee DA. Self-Medication Pattern among Social Science University Students in Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of pharmaceutics. 2017; 2017.;

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb