Volume 28, Issue 95 (August 2015)                   IJN 2015, 28(95): 34-43 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sharifi N, Najar S. The Relationship between Type of Consumed Food, Physical Activity and Anthropometric Indicators with Precocious Puberty among 5 -8 Years -Old Girls in Ahwaz, Iran. IJN. 2015; 28 (95) :34-43
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2191-en.html
Instructor of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), Ahvaz, Iran. (*Corresponding author). Tell: 0613 3738331 Email: najarshanaz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1377 Views)

Abstract

Background & Aims: The mean age of puberty is different from one country to another and the beginning time of puberty is influenced by various factors including environmental and genetic factors. This study was aimed at identifying the relationship between consumed food, physical activity and anthropometric indicators with precocious puberty among 5-8 years -old girls in the Ahwaz.

Material & Methods: It was a cross-sectional study and 426 5-8 years-old girls participated in the study in the city of Ahvaz. Sampling was performed through cluster random sampling. 12 preschools and primary schools were selected from 4 districts of Ahvaz. The study gathering tool was included a demographic questionnaire, physical activity, food frequency and check list of Physical examination. Data was collected based on examination, interviewing and direct measurement of participants’ height, weight and calculation of their body mass index. Then, collected data analyzed by SPSS software version 19 and Descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (independent t-test & and Chi-square) used to analyze the data.

Results: our results showed that 45 participants (10/6%) had symptoms of Thelarche, Pubarche or both. There was a significant relationship between precocious puberty and physical activity (p<0.05), although it was not significant between nutrition and precocious puberty (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The results showed a decrease in puberty age in comparison to the past. Since few studies have been performed in this area, this study can provide basic information for future studies as well as international comparisons.

Full-Text [PDF 823 kb]   (511 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2015/05/5 | Accepted: 2015/05/5 | Published: 2015/08/15

References
1. Fernandez-Fernandez R, Martini A, Navarro V, Castellano J, Dieguez C, Aguilar E, et al. Novel signals for the integration of energy balance and reproduction. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2006;254:127-32. [DOI:10.1016/j.mce.2006.04.026]
2. Ibá-ez L, Jiménez R, de Zegher F. Early puberty-menarche after precocious pubarche: relation to prenatal growth. Pediatrics. 2006;117(1):117-21. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2005-0664]
3. Ojeda SR, Lomniczi A, Mastronardi C, Heger S, Roth C, Parent A-S, et al. Minireview: the neuroendocrine regulation of puberty: is the time ripe for a systems biology approach? Endocrinology. 2006;147(3):1166-74. [DOI:10.1210/en.2005-1136]
4. Žukauskaitė S, Lašienė D, Lašas L, Urbonaitė B, Hindmarsh P. Onset of breast and pubic hair development in 1231 preadolescent Lithuanian schoolgirls. Arch Dis Child. 2005;90(9):932-6 [DOI:10.1136/adc.2004.057612]
5. . Na JM, Lee YJ, Kim MS, Lee DY, Yeo CY, Kim CJ, et al. Causes of precocious puberty: multicenter study in Honam area. Journal of Korean Society of Pediatric Endocrinology. 2009;14(1):30-7.
6. Kim EY, Lee MI. Psychosocial aspects in girls with idiopathic precocious puberty. Psychiatry Investig. 2012;9(1):25-8. [DOI:10.4306/pi.2012.9.1.25]
7. Berk JS. Berek and Novak s Gynecology. 15 th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott 2012: 1323-8.
8. Shiva S, Fayyazi A, Melikian A, Shiva S. [Causes and types of precocious puberty in north-west Iran]. Iran J Pediatr. 2013; 22(4): 487-92. Persian.
9. Himes JH. Examining the evidence for recent secular changes in the timing of puberty in US children in light of increases in the prevalence of obesity. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2006;254:13-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.mce.2006.04.013]
10. Rabbani A, Motlagh M-E, Mohammad K, Ardalan G, Maftoon F, Shahryari S, et al. [Assessment of pubertal development in Iranian girls]. Iranian journal of pediatrics. 2010;20(2):160-6. Persian.
11. Saffari F, Rostamian M, Esmailzadehha N, Shariatinejad K, Karimzadeh T. [Pubertal characteristics in girls of Qazvin Province, Iran]. Iranian journal of pediatrics. 2012;22(3):392. Persian
12. Sharifi N. [Pubert,s Pattern and associated factors among girls in Ahvaz]. Thesis for MS. degree of Midwifery (Midwifery education). Joundishapure University of Medical Science Faculty of Nursing Miidwifery. Ahvaz. 2013.Persian
13. Boyne MS, Thame M, Osmond C, Fraser RA, Gabay L, Reid M, et al. Growth, body composition, and the onset of puberty: longitudinal observations in Afro-Caribbean children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010;95(7):3194-200. [DOI:10.1210/jc.2010-0080]
14. Juul A, Teilmann G, Scheike T, Hertel N, Holm K, Laursen E, et al. Pubertal development in Danish children: comparison of recent European and US data. Int J Androl. 2006;29(1):247-55. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2005.00556.x]
15. Bau A-M, Ernert A, Schenk L, Wiegand S, Martus P, Grüters A, et al. Is there a further acceleration in the age at onset of menarche? A cross-sectional study in 1840 school children focusing on age and bodyweight at the onset of menarche. Eur J Endocrinol. 2009;160(1):107-13. [DOI:10.1530/EJE-08-0594]
16. Finne E, Bucksch J, Lampert T, Kolip P. Age, puberty, body dissatisfaction, and physical activity decline in adolescents. Results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey (KiGGS). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011;8(1):119. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-8-119]
17. Sunthonwaraluk S. The Estimation of Sodium Intake by Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire Among Undergraduate Students of: Mahidol University; 2008.;1-108.
18. Hosseini-Esfahani F, Asghari G, Mirmiran P, Jalali Farahani S, Azizi F. [Reproducibility and Relative Validity of Food Group Intake in a Food Frequency Questionnaire Developed for the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study]. Journal of Iran University of Medical Science. 2010;17(71): 41-55. Persian
19. Zarei M, Hamedinia M, Haghi A. [Epidemiology of obesity and thinness and its relation to dietary patterns in adolescents 14-12 years of Sabzevar]. Quaterlymonitoring. 2011;10(2):243-53. Persian
20. Kashani HH, Kavosh MS, Keshteli AH, Montazer M, Rostampour N, Kelishadi R, et al. Age of puberty in a representative sample of Iranian girls. World J Pediatr. 2009;5(2):132-5. [DOI:10.1007/s12519-009-0026-1]
21. Solorzano CMB, McCartney CR. Obesity and the pubertal transition in girls and boys. Reproduction. 2010;140(3):399-410. [DOI:10.1530/REP-10-0119]
22. Semiz S, Kurt F, Kurt DT, Zencir M, Sevinç Ö. Factors affecting onset of puberty in Denizli province in Turkey. Turk J Pediatr. 2009;51(1):49.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb