Volume 13, Number 20 (3-1999)                   IJN 1999, 13(20): 11-19 | Back to browse issues page


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Farzaneh Naghlby. Hepatitis In hemodialysis patients and their family (1993). IJN. 1999; 13 (20) :11-19
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1334-en.html

Abstract:   (3284 Views)

  This correlational study was undertaken to find the correlation between the rate of preventive health

  care measures used! by 38 HBS Ag- positive. hemodialysis patients in prevention of transmission of Hepatitis

  B virus and the prevalence of hepatitis B infection among their family members ( 95 persons) in 15

  khordad hospital . The subjects were the HBS Ago positive hemodialysis patients possessing the necessary

  qualifications and they agreed to participate , as did their family members who were available. The necessary

  information was gathered through a questionnaire consisting of : 1) individual characteristics. 2)measuring the

  rate of preventive health care from the: transmission of HBV in relation to parenteral route. 3) Measuring

  the rate of preventive health care from the transmission of HBV in relation 10 mucal route. 4) questions

  about familial history . To determine the prevalence of hepatisis B infection among patients ' family members,

  serologic tests (HBS Antigen and HBS Antibody markers ) were used . Both descriptive and inferential statistics

  were used to analyze the data and to lest tilt hypothesis. the finding were Presented in 52 tables and 5

  diagrams .

  The results show that the majority of patients of patients observed preventive health care measures moderately. The

  results also show that 7.4% of the patients ' family members were HBS Ag- positive (present infection ) and

  20% of them were HBS Ab- positive (previous infection ). The results indicate that in 50% of the patients,

  Intrafamiliar transmission of HBV infection has occured . The results also show that the hypothesis of the

  study wasn't proved , meaning there was no correlation between the rate of preventive health can measures

  from the transmission of HBV by HBS Ag- positive hemodialysis patients with the prevalence of hepatitis B

  infection among their family members .

  There was significant correlation between age and prevalence of Hepatisis B infection also between the

  kind of rtlatiomhip with patient and prevalence ofHepatitis B infection in patiml.r , family monbu:r . The.re

  rautu snowed that children and spouses were more susceptible to infection and transmission . Also the 1-19

  year age group .was the most high risk group in family for transmission, who must receive specialized cure

  from the preventive point of view such as vaccination. As a whole, this study explains the application of

  obtained results in community health nursing and community health services, and offer some suggestion for

  further research .

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2012/10/14

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