جلد 13، شماره 21 - ( 4-1378 )                   جلد 13 شماره 21 صفحات 18-25 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Ahadi F.. Vaccination coverage rate in children from birth to 24 months ( Semnan, 1994). IJN. 1999; 13 (21) :18-25
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1346-fa.html
فاطمه احدی . بررسی چگونگی انجام واکسیناسیون کودکان 2-0 ساله ساکن شهر سمنان و ارتباط آن با برخی از ویژگیهای فردی و خانوادگی اجتماعی آنان 1372. نشریه پرستاری ایران. 1378; 13 (21) :18-25

URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1346-fa.html


چکیده:   (2835 مشاهده)

  A field study was conducted in Semnan to measure the vaccination coverage rate in children from birth to 24

  months and correlate the outcome with personal family and social characteristics of the subjects in 1372 (1994).

  A total of 210 children below the age of 24 months, living in Semnan were selected randomly from thirty district

  points of the town .

  To gather the data a two section questionnaire was developed. The first part covered items on age, set, birth

  place ( rural or urban ), order of birth, birth weight, having acquired illnesses like whooping cough, or history of

  high fever and convulsions or epilepsy. Also where and how the vaccination took place and it's side effects were

  recorded:

  The second section posed questions on family and social characteristics, like parents, age, education and

  occupation, family size and structure (nuclear or extended), mother's age at marriage also her age at delivery of the

  subject baby, number of live births she had, vaccination side effects noticed in the siblings, duration at residency in

  Semnan being natives or immigrants to the town, the distance from home to the nearest vaccination center and the

  means of transport to that place.

  Further, the subjects vaccination record was reviewed and the coverage categorized in three orders: vaccination

  complete for age, incomplete for age, not vaccinated.

  The criteria for complete vaccination were set according to the Ministry of Health and Medical Sciences

  Education manual distributed to all vaccination centers.

  The findings revealed a coverage rate of 91.9% at birth, 79.48% at 1.5 months, 7267% at three, 56.79% at

  four, 65.9 at nine and 60% at 15 months and above (up to 24 months ), thus a gradual decrease of vaccination

  coverage was obvious.

  To correlate these findings with personal family and social characteristics of the subjects, the x2 statistical rest

  was employed . The only significant relation found was between vaccination at birth and 1.5 months with the

  subjects' birth place (p=0.0l6, p=0.02I).

In conclusion suggestions were made for implementing corrective measures and further research.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: پرستاری
دریافت: ۱۳۹۱/۷/۲۵

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