Volume 24, Issue 69 (April 2011)                   IJN 2011, 24(69): 69-77 | Back to browse issues page

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Masoud Bahreini, Mostafa Bijani, Hashem Rahmati, Shohreh Shahamat. The effectiveness of a multimedia training program on incidence of occupational exposure to contaminated sharp tools among nurses. IJN. 2011; 24 (69) :69-77
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-950-en.html
1- Assistant professor, School of Nursing, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran (*Corresponding Author), , msdbahreini@yahoo.com
2- Lucturer, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3- Lucturer, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Fars, Iran
4- MS Student in Organizational psychology, Azad Islamic University, Marvdash branch, Fars, Iran
Abstract:   (8954 Views)

  Background and Aims: Health workers are threatened by injuries caused by the insertion of sharp medical devices (Needle Stick Injury) contaminated with patients َ ' blood and body fluids. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of a multimedia training program on the incidence of occupational exposure of nurses to contaminated sharp tools in a university hospital in 2009.

  Material and Methods: In an experimental study, 120 volunteer nurses, working in a university hospital was randomly assigned to either experimental group or control group. The experimental group received a multimedia training program for prevention of exposure during two weeks but the control group did not receive any training. All subjects completed the occupational exposure and knowledge questionnaires during 4 months before and 4 months after intervention. After data collection, mean standard deviation, paired t-test and chi-square were used for data analysis. Significant level of P< 0.05 was accepted.

  Results: in the experimental group, the incidence of occupational exposure to contaminated sharp tools decreased (p<0.05) but in the control group, this change was not significant (p>0.05). Also the mean score for knowledge in the experimental group improved significantly from 8.05 to 14.1(p<0.05) but the increase in the mean score of knowledge in control group from 8.30 to 8.98 (p=0.33) was not significant.

  Conclusion: The knowledge and performance of the experimental group regarding occupational exposure to contaminated sharp tools improved. Continuous education is recommended.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2011/10/1 | Accepted: 2014/08/25 | Published: 2014/08/25

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