Volume 35, Issue 138 (October (In Press) 2022)                   IJN 2022, 35(138): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghobadi A, Emamzadeh Ghasemi H S, Hajibabaei F, Hajirajbi A, Ariamlo P. Investigating the components of nursing errors reporting in selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020. IJN 2022; 35 (138)
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3501-en.html
1- , amirghobaditm961@gmail.com
Abstract:   (87 Views)
Introduction: err is human. Error is considered as a part of reality and an integral part of human life. Error reporting is defined as a strategic indicator for error prevention. Nursing managers use management measures and strategies to create an climate in the workplace that nurses increase the rate of reporting errors without fear of the consequences of error reporting.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine of the components of nursing errors reporting in selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020
Method: This research is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The research population includes nurses working in intensive care units and General hospitalization of selected hospitals of  Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The number of samples was determined using the cochran formula, and according to the number of members of the research community, 340 were determined. Among eligible nurses in the research community, samples were selected through  relative stratified random sampling method. The tools used in the present study include Made Questionnaire the components of nursing errors reporting. Content validity of both questionnaires was confirmed by content validity method based on the view of 10 faculty members in the field of nursing care and nursing management. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the components of nursing errors reporting questionnaire (0.78) were measured. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and inferential tests such as cramer's v using SPSS-16 software.
Findings: According to the results,The mean scores of nursing errors were 80.3%. The most prevalent errors were related to record and reporting (41%). management factors(52.1%) was the main reason of error occurrence and 32.4%of nurses revealed errors after observing them. Despite the positive nurses’ attitudes toward nursing errors reporting,"fear" and "Managerial barriers" is the most prominent barrier contributing to underreporting. There were significant relationships between nursing errors reporting and hospital ward type, education, nursing error experience, errors reporting method and job experience(P ˂ 0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, creating an anonymous, effective and efficient system for reporting and recording nursing errors, in order to prevent errors, is a necessity in nursing management. Managers have a systematic perspective to identify the factors affecting the occurrence of errors along with their positive reaction and supportive behaviors to the reported errors of nurses can create a culture of fearless learning, punishment and blame at the department and organization level and overcome Barriers to reporting nursing errors. In addition, by educating nurses about the types of errors, encouraging them to report errors, and facilitating the error reporting process, nursing errors can be reduced.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2021/11/18 | Accepted: 2022/10/23 | Published: 2022/10/23

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