Volume 35, Issue 136 (June 2022)                   IJN 2022, 35(136): 134-149 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Community Health Nursing, and Geriatric Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , bastani.f@iums.ac.ir
2- Department of Statistics, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1091 Views)
Background & Aims: The emerging diseases such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause a serious stress, fear, and anxiety in the elderly. This study aims to determine the perceived stress and fear of COVID-19 in the elderly referred to comprehensive health centers in Tehran, Iran.
Materials & Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 260 older people aged >60 years referred to two comprehensive health centers (130 from each center)  in the west of Tehran participated, who were selected by cluster and stratified sampling methods. Data collection tools were a demographic form, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Fear of COVID-19 Scale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the collected data in SPSS Software, version 20.
Results: The mean score of perceived stress was 41.5±10.19, indicating high level of stress in the elderly. This variable had a statistically significant relationship with age, underlying disease, and self-perceived health (P<0.001). The results of the Scheffe post hoc test showed that perceived stress was significantly lower in married subjects, those with no underlying disease, and those with self-perceived health score of 5 or higher. Fear of COVID-19 with a mean score of 23.45±9.35, was also higher among the elderly.
Conclusion: The perceived stress and fear of COVID-19 are high among the elderly in Tehran, Therefore, a proper planning by the health system policymakers for this group is necessary during the pandemic.
Keywords: Elderly, Stress, Fear, COVID-19
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2021/06/21 | Accepted: 2022/06/22 | Published: 2022/07/1

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