Volume 33, Issue 126 (October 2020)                   IJN 2020, 33(126): 103-116 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Urmia Branch, Urmia, Iran
2- Department of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Urmia Branch, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding author) Tel: 09144419489 Email: m.rezaei@iaurmia.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2777 Views)
Background & Aims: Missed nursing care is a common threat to the safety and quality of patient care, and investigating the influential factors in this regard could prevent or minimize this issue. Missed nursing care could lead to patient readmission and extra costs imposed on patients and healthcare organizations. Supervisor support plays a pivotal role in the commitment of nurses to the organization. The behaviors and activities of health supervisors could promote the positive attitude of the subordinates, thereby leading to their moral commitment. Although missed nursing care is considered to be a highly challenging issue for nursing managers, few studies have evaluated perceived care support and the associated challenges. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between missing nursing care and perceived supervisory support.
Materials & Methods: This descriptive-correlatinal study was conducted on 139 nurses employed in the inpatient wards of Imam Reza Hospital in Urmia, Iran during May-March 2019. The participants were selected via census sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire, the first section of which consisted of demographic data, the second section was the missed care nursing questionnaire, and the third section included the standard tools for the assessment of perceived supervisory support. The missed care questionnaire was designed and psychoanalyzed by Kalish in 2006, and the items are scored based on a five-point Likert scale (Never=0, Always=4). The scale has four domains of review, interventions and personal care, interventions and primary care, and planning. The family supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB) perceived support questionnaire consists of 14 items and was designed and psychoanalyzed by Hammer in 2009. The questionnaire items are scored based on a five-point Likert scale, with the higher scores indicating higher parental support. The main dimensions of the FSSB are emotional support, instrumental support, and role models. After obtaining the required permit for sampling, the questionnaire was distributed among the nurses working in different shifts and on different days. With their consent, the contact number of the participants was obtained. The questionnaires were collected from the respondents in the same or the next work shift and with proper coordination. The inclusion criteria were having a bachelor's degree (or higher), informed consent to participate in the research, employment in the hospital as a nurse, and minimum work experience of six months. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation), Pearson's correlation-coefficient, independent t-test, and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) at the significance level of P˂0.05.
Results: The highest mean scores of perceived supervisory support achieved by the nurses were in the items regarding time allocation to listening to the problems of nurses, listening to the problems of nurses about work difficulties and unemployment, creativity in task assignment to improve teamwork in the ward, ward management to meet the needs of each nurse separately, and welcoming suggestions to facilitate the balance of the professional and routine needs of nurses. The most significant aspects of missed nursing care were helping patients in the toilet within less than five minutes after the patient's request, meal preparation for the patients who are able to eat without help, changing patients' position every two hours, and the oral care (mouthwash use), skin care, and bathing of patients. Pearson's correlation-coefficient indicated a significant, weak, inverse correlation between the total scores of perceived support and missed nursing care (r=-0.19; P<0.05). Furthermore, significant, inverse correlations were denoted between perceived support and the subscales of missing nursing care (r=-0.167; P<0.05), as well as perceived support and the primary care subscale (r=-134; P<0.05). However, no significant associations were observed between perceived support, the personal care subscale, and planning (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, perceived supervisory support was correlated with the dimensions of assessment and interventions and primary care regarding missed nursing care. Nursing managers are advised to pursue and implement the support of clinical nurses as a major hospital policy to prevent the loss of care and improve patient safety. As the first-line managers of the clinical environment, nurses may further contribute to nursing care by adopting supportive strategies, thereby increasing patient satisfaction and reducing the treatment costs imposed on patients and the healthcare organization. Our findings could lay the groundwork for monitoring the supportive role of nursing managers, as well as designing and developing effective support models for nursing managers and nurses to improve the primary indicators of nursing care quality.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2020/07/20 | Accepted: 2020/10/19 | Published: 2020/10/19

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