Volume 30, Issue 105 (April 2017)                   IJN 2017, 30(105): 68-79 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Ph.D. Candidate in Health Education and Health Promotion, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- Ph.D. Candidate in in Health Education and Health Promotion, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran. (٭Corresponding Author) Tel: 09141878294 . E-mail: z.morad@yahoo.com
3- Ph.D. Candidate in Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4- Ph.D. Candidate in Health Education and Health Promotion, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
5- Associate Professor, School of Public Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
Abstract:   (9690 Views)


Background & Aims: Health promoting behaviors are one of the main criteria for determining health. Nowadays, it is believed that for being successful in behavior change and health promotion, people should have sufficient self-efficacy. This study aimed to determine health promoting behaviors and its relationship with self-efficacy health workers in Urmia.

Materials & Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 301 health house workers in rural health centers of Urmia in 2015. Data were collected using the questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, health promoting behaviors (Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire) and Sherer et.al. General Self-efficacy Scale. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were confirmed in previous studies. Data were analyzed by chi-square test and ANOVA.

Results: The mean score of health promoting behaviors of health workers was 136.4 (24.4). The highest score was in the health responsibility dimension 35.37 (7.37) and the lowest score was in physical activity dimension 13.25 (5.26). The result showed that self-efficacy had a positive significant correlation with health promoting lifestyle and all of its sub-domains (P < 0001). There was also a significant relationship between health promoting lifestyle and economic level, education, and gender (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Given the importance of health promoting behaviors of health workers and the effects of self-efficacy on these behaviors, it seems that training programs can be effective in promoting health behaviors of health workers in order to increase self-efficacy.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/01/17 | Accepted: 2017/04/22 | Published: 2017/04/22

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