Volume 29, Issue 103 (December 2016)                   IJN 2016, 29(103): 33-40 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- MS. in Nursing, Lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2- PhD in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding Author) Tel: 00989133974856 E-mail: Bahramnezhad@alumnus.tums.ac.ir
3- PhD student in Biomedical Engineering, Medical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran,Iran
4- MS. in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- MS. in Education Management, Faculty of Maagment, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (5056 Views)


Background & Aim: The formation of self-perception during this period can have a significant effect on adolescents’ growth and development; as such, diabetes can be a serious hazard for adolescents’ self-perception. This study aimed to investigate the effect of group training and e-learning on self -perception among adolescents with diabetes.

Material & Methods: This clinical trial study conducted. The study sample consisted of 80 teenagers between 11-19 years old in the Iran Diabetes Association .Patients randomly allocated in two groups, including a control group (n=40) and experimental groups (n=40) . The training content was similar in both groups. In the control group, the educational contents were trained in three sessions of 4 hours by researcher and in the experimental group, they were trained by a CD. Then the score of their self-concept was measured using the 80-item Piers-Harris questionnaire, both before and after intervention. For data analysis, t-test, X2 and paired t-test were used with the SPSS software Ver.16.

Results: Finding showed that adolescents with a mean age in the experimental group and the control group were 15.87 ± 2.62 15.85 ± 2.51, respectively. There were not significant differences regarding self-perception in two groups before the intervention. However, there was a significant difference between self-concept scores of the Piers-Harris test in two control and experience groups after the intervention (P=0.001).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the mean ± SD was more intended towards self-concept by e-learning CD. Using E-Learning, the self-concept of adolescents with diabetes can be increased and blood glucose levels reduce and diabetic complications will be reduced, too. It is recommended that this method be used to train and reinforce the self-perception of diabetes adolescents.

Full-Text [PDF 663 kb]   (1506 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2016/09/11 | Accepted: 2016/12/14 | Published: 2016/12/14

1. Stojiljković S, Todorović J, Đigić G, Dosković Z. Teachers' self-concept and empathy. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2014;116:875-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.313]
2. Junco R. The relationship between frequency of Facebook use, participation in Facebook activities, and student engagement. Computers & Education. 2012;58(1):162-71. [DOI:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.08.004]
3. Ferro MA, Boyle MH. Self-concept among youth with a chronic illness: A meta-analytic review. Health Psychol. 2013;32(8):839. [DOI:10.1037/a0031861] [PMID]
4. Pelkonen M, Marttunen M, Kaprio J, Huurre T, Aro H. Adolescent risk factors for episodic and persistent depression in adulthood. A 16-year prospective follow-up study of adolescents. J Affect Disord. 2008;106(1):123-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2007.06.001] [PMID]
5. Hattie J. Self-concept. Newyork and London: Psychology Press, 2014.
6. Shields N, Loy Y, Murdoch A, Taylor NF, Dodd KJ. Self‐concept of children with cerebral palsy compared with that of children without impairment. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007;49(5):350-4. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2007.00350.x] [PMID]
7. Lainscak M, Blue L, Clark AL, Dahlström U, Dickstein K, Ekman I, et al. Self‐care management of heart failure: practical recommendations from the Patient Care Committee of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur J Heart Fail. 2011;13(2):115-26. [DOI:10.1093/eurjhf/hfq219] [PMID]
8. Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Role of self-care in management of diabetes mellitus. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2013;12(1):14. [DOI:10.1186/2251-6581-12-14] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Skelly AH, Leeman J, Carlson J, Soward A, Burns D. Conceptual model of symptom‐focused diabetes care for African Americans. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2008;40(3):261-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2008.00236.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Ruiz JG, Mintzer MJ, Leipzig RM. The impact of e-learning in medical education. Acad Med. 2006;81(3):207-12. [DOI:10.1097/00001888-200603000-00002] [PMID]
11. Hrastinski S. Asynchronous and synchronous e-learning. Educause quarterly. 2008;31(4):51-5.
12. Whittemore R, Grey M, Lindemann E, Ambrosino J, Jaser S. Development of an Internet coping skills training program for teenagers with type 1 diabetes. Comput Inform Nurs: CIN. 2010;28(2):103. [DOI:10.1097/NCN.0b013e3181cd8199] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Van Minnen K, Davis WA, Bruce DG, Davis TM. Accuracy, determinants, and consequences of body weight self-perception in type 2 diabetes: the Fremantle Diabetes Study. J Diabetes Complications. 2011;25(1):1-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2009.11.001] [PMID]
14. Kafaie P, Noorbala MT, Soheilikhah S, Rashidi M. [Evaluation of patients' education on foot self-care status in diabetic patients]. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2012;14(12):829. [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.1138] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Samadi N, Safavi M, Mahmoodi M. [Impact of quality of life education on self-concept among type 2 diabetes patients]. J Diabetes Metab. 2011;2(5):1-5. [DOI:10.4172/2155-6156.1000132]
16. Bodenheimer T, Lorig K, Holman H, Grumbach K. Patient self-management of chronic disease in primary care. JAMA. 2002;288(19):2469-75. [DOI:10.1001/jama.288.19.2469] [PMID]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.