Volume 27, Issue 90 And 91 (October ِDecember 2014 2014)                   IJN 2014, 27(90 And 91): 140-149 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Ph.D Student of Educational Psychology, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2- M.A of Clinical Psychology, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
3- Ph.D Student of Educational Psychology, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran (٭Corresponding author). Tel: +98 09383411790 Email: akbariafzal@ymail.com
4- Master of clinical psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (6901 Views)


  Background & Aim: Burnout as a common phenomenon among nurses is related to a number of factors. The study aimed to determine the role of social support and self-efficacy in the prediction of nurses’ burnout.

  Material & Methods: It was a descriptive, correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all nurses of Isfahan working in the hospitals of this city in 2011-2012. A total of 165 nurses were recruited by random cluster sampling. Data was collected by Social Support Questionnaire of Samavati & Najarians, General Self-efficacy Questionnaire of Schwarzer & Jerusalem’s and Maslash Burnout Inventory (MBI) and analyzed by person correlation & stepwise regression tests using SPSS (v.20).

  Results: Social support and self-efficacy were correlated with burnout subscales of personal accomplishment r=0.32 and r=0.47, depersonalization, r=-0.32 and r=-0.23 and emotional exhaustion r=-0.26 and r=-0.27 respectively (P< 0.01). The regression results also showed that self-efficacy and social support predict burnout.

Conclusion: The results showed that self-efficacy and social support predict the nurses’ burnout. The results would help the hospitals’ administrators to reduce the nurses’ burnout by awareness of their general self-efficacy and social support.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/09/4 | Accepted: 2014/12/3 | Published: 2014/12/3

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