Volume 27, Issue 90 And 91 (October ِDecember 2014 2014)                   IJN 2014, 27(90 And 91): 44-53 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Maaster degree in Nursing, Faculty Member, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Master degree in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (٭Corresponding author). Tel: +09122979750 Email: saydshohadai@yahoo.com
3- Member of center for nursing care research, associate professor, Psychiatric Dept., School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Faculty Member, Blostatistics Dept., School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (6429 Views)


  Background & Aim: Caring is the nature of nursing and plays an important role in the promotion of patients’ health level, process of recovery and their satisfaction. Difference in the performance and behavior among circadian types may influence nurses’ performance such as caring for patients. Accordingly, this study aims to determine the relationship between circadian types and nurses’ caring behaviors.

  Material & Methods: This is a descriptive-correlational study. A total of 573 nurses were selected from different wards of hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences through cluster sampling. Data was collected by Morningness Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and Caring Behaviors Inventory (CBI) and analyzed by Spearman test and partial correlation using SPSS-PC (v. 16).

  Results: The findings showed that most of the sample (%57.9) was of intermediate type. Subscales of professional knowledge and skill, and positive connectedness from CBI had the most and least scores respectively. After adjustment for age and work experience, there was no significant association between circadian types and caring behaviors.

Conclusion: The results did not provide enough evidence regarding the existence of a relationship between circadian types and nurse caring behaviors. Accordingly, conducting a same study by controlling the variables of age and work experience is recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 1348 kb]   (2405 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/07/10 | Accepted: 2014/10/11 | Published: 2014/10/11

1. Liu JE, Mok E, Wong T. Caring in nursing: investigating the meaning of caring from the perspective of cancer patients in Beijing, China1. J Clin Nurs. 2006;15(2):188-96. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01291.x] [PMID]
2. Hajinezhad ME, Azodi P, Rafii F, Ramezanian N, Tarighat M. [Perspectives of Patients and Nurses on Caring Behaviors of Nurses]. Hayat. 2011;17(4):36-45.
3. Yam B, Rossiter JC. Caring in nursing: perceptions of Hong Kong nurses. J Clin Nurs. 2000;9(2):293-302. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2702.2000.00349.x] [PMID]
4. Hajinezhad M, Rafii F, Jafarjalal E, Haghani H. [Relationship between nurse caring behaviors from patients' perspectives & their satisfaction]. I J N. 2007;20(49):73-83.
5. Liu SS, Franz D, Allen M, Chang E-C, Janowiak D, Mayne P, et al. ED services: the impact of caring behaviors on patient loyalty. J Emer Nurs. 2010;36(5):404-14. [DOI:10.1016/j.jen.2009.05.001] [PMID]
6. Dyson J. Nurses' conceptualizations of caring attitudes and behaviours. J Adv Nurs. 1996;23(6):1263-9. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.1996.13326.x] [PMID]
7. McCance TV. Caring in nursing practice: the development of a conceptual framework. Res Theory Nurs Pract. 2003;17(2):101-16. [DOI:10.1891/rtnp.] [PMID]
8. Rego A, Godinho L, McQueen A, Cunha MP. Emotional intelligence and caring behaviour in nursing. The Service Industries Journal. 2010;30(9):1419-37. [DOI:10.1080/02642060802621486]
9. Isazadegan A, Sheykhi S, Ahmadian L. [Relationship between circadian types (morningness-eveningness) and stress in students]. Orumie Journal of Medical. 2011;22(2):137-45.
10. Ziaei M, Amiri S, Molavi H. [Relationship between score of circadian types and time of student reaction at morning and evening]. Newes of Cognitive. 2007;9(2):47-53.
11. Cavallera G, Giudici S. Morningness and eveningness personality: A survey in literature from 1995 up till 2006. Personality and Individual differences. 2008;44(1):3-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2007.07.009]
12. Tonetti L, Fabbri M, Natale V. Relationship between circadian typology and big five personality domains. Chronobiol Int. 2009;26(2):337-47. [DOI:10.1080/07420520902750995] [PMID]
13. 13 Rafii F, Oskouie F, Peyrovi H, Haghani H. [A Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of the Clinical Practice of Fundamental Nursing through Role-Play versus Traditional Method on Caring Behaviors of Sophomore-Level Nursing Students]. IJN. 2010; 22(60): 42-52.
14. Green A. Caring behaviors as perceived by nurse practitioners. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2004;16(7):283-90. [DOI:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2004.tb00451.x] [PMID]
15. Savarese JT. Validating the Composite Scale of Morningness Using Heart Rate Variability and Motor Activity as Measures of Circadian Rhythm.unpublished PhD.Thesis, Alliant International University, San Diego. 2008.
16. Shao MF, Chou YC, Yeh MY, Tzeng WC. Sleep quality and quality of life in female shift‐working nurses. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66(7):1565-72. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05300.x] [PMID]
17. Sourial S. An analysis and evaluation of Watson's theory of human care. J Adv Nurs. 1996;24(2):400-4. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.1996.19524.x] [PMID]
18. Zamanzadeh V, Azimzadeh R, Rahmani A, Valizadeh L. [Oncology patients' and professional nurses' perceptions of important nurse caring behaviors]. BMC Nurs. 2010;9(1):10. [DOI:10.1186/1472-6955-9-10] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Brunton B, Beaman M. Nurse practitioners' perceptions of their caring behaviors. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2000;12(11):451-6. [DOI:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2000.tb00153.x] [PMID]
20. Wolf Z, Colahan M, Costello A. Relationship between nurse caring and patient satisfaction. Medsurg nursing: MedSurg Nurs. 1998;7(2):99-105. [PMID]
21. von Essen L, Sjödén P-O. The importance of nurse caring behaviors as perceived by Swedish hospital patients and nursing staff. Int J Nurs Stud. 2003;40(5):487-97. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00060-9]
22. Bassett C. Nurses' perceptions of care and caring. Int J Nurs Pract. 2002;8(1):8-15. [DOI:10.1046/j.1440-172x.2002.00325.x] [PMID]
23. Rafii F, Oskouie F, Nikravesh M. [Conditions affecting Quality of Nursing Care in Burn Centers of Tehran]. I J N. 2007;20(51):7-24.
24. O'Connell E, Landers M. The importance of critical care nurses' caring behaviours as perceived by nurses and relatives. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2008;24(6):349-58. [DOI:10.1016/j.iccn.2008.04.002] [PMID]
25. Pajnkihar M. Is caring a lost art in nursing? Int J Nurs Stud. 2008;45(2):163-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.09.003] [PMID]
26. Ezzatian P. Circadian Variation In Auditory Perception And Aging.Master of Art.Thesis,University of Toronto.Toronto 2006.
27. Liaghatdar MJ, Ashoorian V. [Investigating Morningness-Eveningness Typologt of Medical Students and its Relationship with Their Academic Merits and Course Difficulty]. Iranian Journal of education in medical science. 2010;10(5):1228-37.
28. Randler C. Morningness–eveningness and satisfaction with life. Soc Indic Res. 2008;86(2):297-302. [DOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9139-x]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.