Volume 27, Issue 89 (Aug 2014)                   IJN 2014, 27(89): 12-20 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Associate professor, Center for Nursing Care Research, Dept. of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Dept. of Gerontology Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Master degree of pediatric nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding author). Tel: +98 09186414391 Email: r-kamalinahad@razi.tums.ac.ir
4- Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (10427 Views)


Background & Aims: Sexual abuse is the most damaging type of abuse which has been increased significantly in recent decades so prevention of sexual abuse is crucial. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices of parents regarding child sexual abuse prevention program in elementary school and preschool children.

Material & Methods: In this descriptive study, 536 parents of elementary and preschool children in schools of Arak, were enrolled by cluster random sampling. Data was collected by child sexual abuse (CSA) questionnaire and analyzed descriptive statistics using SPSPC (v. 16). 

Results: The results showed that of all parents, 343 (66%) had good knowledge and 177 (34%) had poor knowledge about the prevention of sexual abuse of children. Of all parents, 383 (80.63%) had good attitude and 92 (19.37%) had poor attitude toward prevention education of sexual abuse. Also 456 parents (85.71%) had good performance and 76 parents (14.29%) had poor performance regarding prevention of sexual abuse.

Conclusion: Considering the poor knowledge a one third of the parents regarding the prevention of sexual abuse, providing strategies to increase their knowledge seem necessary.
Full-Text [PDF 579 kb]   (4900 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/05/10 | Accepted: 2014/08/7 | Published: 2014/08/7

1. AlMadani O, Bamousa M, Alsaif D, Kharoshah MA, Alsowayigh K. Child physical and sexual abuse in Dammam, Saudi Arabia: A descriptive case-series analysis study. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2012;2(1):33-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejfs.2012.01.001]
2. Chen J, Dunne MP, Han P. Prevention of child sexual abuse in China: Knowledge, attitudes, and communication practices of parents of elementary school children. Child Abuse Negl. 2007;31(7):747-55. [DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.12.013] [PMID]
3. Gateway C.W.I. Child Maltreatment: Summary of Key Findings. https://www.childwelfare.gov: Child Welfare Information Gateway. 2013.
4. Chen JQ, Chen DG. Awareness of child sexual abuse prevention education among parents of Grade 3 elementary school pupils in Fuxin City, China. Health Educ Res. 2005;20(5):540-7. [DOI:10.1093/her/cyh012] [PMID]
5. Gelles R.J., Perlman, Staci. Estimated Annual Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect April 2012. Prevent Child Abuse America. 2012.
6. Leung, P. W., Wong, W. C., Chen, W., Tang, C. S. Prevalence and determinants of child maltreatment among high school students in Southern China: A large scale school based survey. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2008.2(27).
7. Lancaster J., Stanhope M. Public health nursing, Tehran: jameenegar. 2008.
8. Moore EE, Romaniuk H, Olsson CA, Jayasinghe Y, Carlin JB, Patton GC. The prevalence of childhood sexual abuse and adolescent unwanted sexual contact among boys and girls living in Victoria, Australia. Child Abuse Negl. 2010;34(5):379-85. [DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2010.01.004] [PMID]
9. Ige OK, Fawole OI. Preventing child sexual abuse: parents' perceptions and practices in urban Nigeria. J Child Sex Abus. 2011;20(6):695-707. [DOI:10.1080/10538712.2011.627584] [PMID]
10. WHO. World Health Organization [Online]. Department of Reproductive Health and Research: reproductivehealth@who.int. 2014.
11. Shafiepour Z. [Negligence and child abuse], tehran, salemi. 2000.
12. Kenny MC. Child sexual abuse education with ethnically diverse families: A preliminary analysis. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2010;32(7):981-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.03.025]
13. Aboul-Hagag KE-S, Hamed AF. Prevalence and pattern of child sexual abuse reported by cross sectional study among the University students, Sohag University, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2012;2(3):89-96. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejfs.2012.05.001]
14. Zhang W, Chen J, Feng Y, Li J, Zhao X, Luo X. Young children's knowledge and skills related to sexual abuse prevention: A pilot study in Beijing, China. Child Abuse Negl. 2013;37(9):623-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.04.018] [PMID]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.