Volume 29, Issue 104 (February 2017)                   IJN 2017, 29(104): 17-27 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khanjari S, Modabber M, Rahmati M, Haghani H. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among Parents of School-age Children after Child Sexual abuse Prevention Education. IJN 2017; 29 (104) :17-27
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2382-en.html
1- Assosiate professor, Nursing Care Research Center, Dept. of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Master degree of pediatric nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (*Corresponding author). Tel: +989128452236 E-Mail: m-modabber@razi.tums.ac.ir
3- Lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Lecturer, School of Management and Information Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (7995 Views)


Background & Aim: Child sexual abuse is a serious social problem which is a priority health issue in many countries due to profound impact on child’s growth and personality. This study was conducted to explain the effect of child sexual abuse prevention education program on knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents with children aged 6 to 12 years.

Material & Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pretest-posttest design with the control group. A convenience sampling method was used to recruit a sample of parents referring to Health Centers in Aligoudarz, Iran. Participants were recruited and enrolled in the experimental (n = 50) or control group (n = 50). This study was conducted using Persian version of “Child Sexual Abuse” (CSA) questionnaire. The experimental group received education about identifying different types of child sexual abuse and preventing methods, focused on the importance of family and the role of parents in the prevention of sexual abuse and providing self-protection training for children. Different methods including questions and answers, group discussion, lecture, educational film, brochures and booklet were used to educate parents during the four (60 minutes) sessions. Data collecting took 6 weeks after intervention from parents in both groups and data analyzing have been done via paired and independent samples t-test, chi-square and fisher tests using SPSS software (version 16).

Results: The results showed significant difference in terms of the mean scores of knowledge and performance of parents after 6 weeks of training (P <0.05).

Conclusions: The findings of this study revealed that designing and implementing training programs for the prevention of child sexual abuse can lead to increased knowledge and practice of the parents but making change of attitude requires more studies. It is recommended that further studies should be conducted in teachers working in schools and kindergartens.

Full-Text [PDF 735 kb]   (5361 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2016/11/5 | Accepted: 2017/02/4 | Published: 2017/02/4

1. Goebbels A, Nicholson JM, Walsh K, De Vries H. Teachers' reporting of suspected child abuse and neglect: behaviour and determinants. Health Educ Res. 2008;23(6):941-51. [DOI:10.1093/her/cyn030] [PMID]
2. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childmaltreatment/definitions.html. (accessed 2017-04-18).
3. Starling SP, Heisler KW, Paulson JF, Youmans E. Child abuse training and knowledge: a national survey of emergency medicine, family medicine, and pediatric residents and program directors. Pediatrics. 2009;123(4):e595-e602. Gateway, C. W. I. 2013a. Child Maltreatment 2011.
4. Namdari P. [Prevalence of child abuse in Khorramabad secondary schools]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and clinical psychology. 2003;9(1):62-70.
5. Hobbs CH, Hank H. Child abuse and neglect, A clinicans handbook. london: jane wynne. 1999.
6. Padera C. Nursing, Child Abuse, and the Law. ESSAI. 2010;7(1):37.
7. Johnson CF. Child sexual abuse. The Lancet. 2004;364(9432):462-70. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16771-8]
8. Heise L, Ellsberg M, Gottemoeller M. Ending violence against women. Population reports. 1999;27(4):1
9. Chen JQ, Chen DG. Awareness of child sexual abuse prevention education among parents of Grade 3 elementary school pupils in Fuxin City, China. Health Educ Res. 2005;20(5):540-7. [DOI:10.1093/her/cyh012] [PMID]
10. Chen J, Dunne MP, Han P. Prevention of child sexual abuse in China: Knowledge, attitudes, and communication practices of parents of elementary school children. Child Abuse Negl. 2007;31(7):747-55. [DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.12.013] [PMID]
11. Khanjari S, Bastani F, Kamalinahad R, Hosseini A. [Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse: Parents' Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices]. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2014;27(89):12-20.
12. Organization WH. Department of reproductive health and research. Global action plan to control the spread and impact of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae Geneva: WHO. 2012:1-36.
13. Kenny MC. Child sexual abuse education with ethnically diverse families: A preliminary analysis. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2010;32(7):981-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.03.025]
14. Aboul-Hagag KE-S, Hamed AF. Prevalence and pattern of child sexual abuse reported by cross sectional study among the University students, Sohag University, Egypt. Egypt J Forensic Sci. 2012;2(3):89-96. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejfs.2012.05.001]
15. Lou J-H, Chen S-H. Relationships among sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and safe sex behaviour among adolescents: A structural equation model. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(12):1595-603. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.05.017] [PMID]
16. Hébert M, Lavoie F, Piché C, Poitras M. Proximate effects of a child sexual abuse prevention program in elementary school children. Child Abuse Negl. 2001;25(4):505-22 [DOI:10.1016/S0145-2134(01)00223-X]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb