Volume 16, Issue 34 (Summer 2003)                   IJN 2003, 16(34): 30-36 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (9750 Views)

  Background: Citizens are always facing injuries caused by accidents, and the most vulnerable Parts of the body are the head and the neck. These kinds of injuries often are accompanied by language and speech disorders.

  Objective: The study of frequency of head and neck injuries caused by accidents and it’s related speech and language disorders.

  Design: This descriptive research was carried out in nine hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences, informations were collected and extracted according to international coding system (ICD.10.1992)

  Sample: 1143 Patients being admitted in 1378 were selected to contribute in this study.

  Result: Findings showed that: the most frequent injury was related to head 83.1% and the most involed group age was 16-45 years old (58.2%). Gender frequency was respectively 77%, 23% in male and female groups. Different types of speech and language disorders such as: Aphasia, Dysarthria, Articulation disorders and Phonations were found to exist after injures.

  Conclusion: Considering that the frequency of head and neck injuries is almost high among younger people, whom are responsible for supporting families and also the high incidence of speech and language difficulties accompanied by these injuries, providing rehabilitation programs is of great importance.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2007/01/1