Volume 31, Issue 115 (December 2018)                   IJN 2018, 31(115): 75-84 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Boozari M, Jafar Jalal E, Haghani H. Effects of Pharmacovigilance Training in the Elderly on the Knowledge, Attitude, and Performance of Nurses. IJN. 2018; 31 (115) :75-84
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2825-en.html
Lecturer, Department of Nursing Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (*Corresponding author) Tel: 09123907046 Email: jafarjalal.e@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (866 Views)
Background & Aims: Pharmacovigilance is an integral part of patient care. Medication side-effects in the elderly and the key role of nurses and healthcare team in the safety of these patients are of utmost importance. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of pharmacovigilance training on the knowledge, attitude, and performance of geriatric nurses in the health centers affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2017.
Materials & Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 100 nurses employed in two teaching hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences, who were selected via convenience sampling. After the pretest, the nurses were non-randomly divided into two groups of intervention and control using the demographic and principles of drug safety questionnaires. The nurses in the intervention group received training on the principles of drug safety for the elderly for two weeks using a web-based program obtained from the website of the hospital, and the control group received no intervention. Two weeks after the intervention, posttest was performed on both groups. Data analysis was performed using the analysis of variance (ANOVA), independent t-test, and paired t-test at the significance level of P<0.05.
Results: The intervention and control groups were completely homogenous in terms of the demographic characteristics. Before the intervention, no significant differences were observed in the knowledge, attitude, and performance between the groups (P>0.05). After training on the principles of drug safety, significant differences were observed between the intervention and control groups regarding the level of knowledge (P=0.33), attitude (P=0.003), and performance (P=0.027). In addition, the scores of knowledge (P<0.001) and attitude (P<0.001) significantly increased in the intervention group after the training, while the improvement in the performance was not considered significant (P=0.34).
Conclusion: Considering the positive effects of web-based training on the principles of drug safety on improving the knowledge and attitude of nurses and since skilled performance is essential to the recognition of concepts and situations, it is recommended that novel educational methods for the care of elderly patients be incorporated into the curriculum of nursing education. 

                    
Full-Text [PDF 751 kb]   (206 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2018/09/24 | Accepted: 2018/12/22 | Published: 2018/12/22

References
1. Delshad Noghabi A, Baloochi Beydokhti T, Shamshiri M, Shareinia H, Radmanesh R. Polypharmacy and its related factors among elderlies. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2013;26.(83):1-9.
2. Saboor M. Elderly's Medical Therapy Status. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2007;2(1):216-22.
3. Organization WorthHealth. The imp-valeortance of p-valeharmacovigilance. 2013.
4. Organization WH. International drug monitoring: the role of national centres, report of a WHO meeting [held in Geneva from 20 to 25 September 1971]. 1972.
5. Pretorius RW, Gataric G, Swedlund SK, Miller JR. Reducing the risk of adverse drug events in older adults. Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(5):331-6.
6. Cobert BL. Manual of drug safety and pharmacovigilance: Georgetown University Press; 2007.
7. Gangadhar M, Guruppanavar D. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and perception of Pharmacovigilance among nurses in a rural tertiary care center. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2016;4(5):1009-12. [DOI:10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20150883]
8. Kumrow DE. Evidence-based strategies of graduate students to achieve success in a hybrid web-based course. J Nurs Educ. 2007;46(3).
9. Koch J, Andrew S, Salamonson Y, Everett B, Davidson PM. Nursing students' perception of a web-based intervention to support learning. Nurse Educ Today. 2010;30(6):584-90. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2009.12.005] [PMID]
10. Chen R-S, Tsai C-C. Gender differences in Taiwan university students' attitudes toward web-based learning. Cyberpsychology & behavior. 2007;10(5):645-54. [DOI:10.1089/cpb.2007.9974] [PMID]
11. Ala S, Salehifar E, Amini M. Reported Adverse Drug Reactions in Sari Emam Khomeini Hospital, 2004-2011. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2013;23(99):62-7.
12. Baghaie R, Rasouli D, Rahmani A, Mohammadpour Y, Jafarizade H. Effect of web-based education on cardiac disrhythmia learning in nursing student of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2012;12(4):240-8.
13. Hanafi S, Torkamandi H, Hayatshahi A, Gholami K, Shahmirzadi NA, Javadi MR. An educational intervention to improve nurses' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward reporting of adverse drug reactions. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2014;19(1):101.
14. Jha N, Rathore DS, Shankar PR, Gyawali S, Alshakka M, Bhandary S. An educational intervention's effect on healthcare professionals' attitudes towards pharmacovigilance. Australas Med J. 2014;7(12):478. https://doi.org/10.21767/AMJ.2014.2235 [DOI:10.4066/AMJ.2014.2235] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Mamishi N, Behroozishad F, Mohagheghi M, Eftekhar Z, Shahabi Z. The study of nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding cancer pain management. Journal of hayat. 2006;12(2):23-32.
16. Johansson-Pajala R-M, Jorsäter Blomgren K, Bastholm-Rahmner P, Fastbom J, Martin L. Nurses in municipal care of the elderly act as pharmacovigilant intermediaries: a qualitative study of medication management. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2016;34(1):37-45. [DOI:10.3109/02813432.2015.1132891] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Salehifar E, Ala S, Gholami K. Knowledge, attitude and performance of pharmacists and nurses in Mazandaran province, Iran regarding adverse drug reaction and its reporting, 2005. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2007;16(56):115-25.
18. Alsaleh FM, Alzaid SW, Abahussain EA, Bayoud T, Lemay J. Knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction reporting among pharmacists working in secondary and tertiary governmental hospitals in Kuwait. Saudi pharmaceutical journal. 2017;25(6):830-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsps.2016.12.004] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb