Volume 30, Issue 110 (February 2018)                   IJN 2018, 30(110): 78-87 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghamarani A, Mohamadzade A. Efficacy of Intervention based of Escape- Extinction on Feeding Disorders in Children with Intellectual Disability. IJN. 2018; 30 (110) :78-87
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2596-en.html
Master student of Psychology of Children with Special Needs, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran. (*Corresponding author) Tel: 09902814016 Email: am.omid20@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2289 Views)
Background & Aims: One of the problems in children with intellectual disability is Feeding Disorders. The Purpose of this study was evaluate the effectiveness of Intervention based of Escape-Extinction (EE) on Feeding Disorders in Children with Mild intellectual disabilities.
Material & Methods: This study was a Quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group. The Statistical Society of this study included all children with intellectual disability (3-6 years old) that visited to the Rehabilitation Center of Ilam city in 2016. The research sample included 16 children that were selected from this society with Simple Random Sampling, than they allocated in two groups of 8 people (Experimental and control groups). The experimental group received the Escape-Extinction intervention in 8 sessions and 3 sessions in per weeks. The data collection tools consisted the screening tool of feeding problems (STEP) (Matson & Kuhn, 2001). MONCOVA Analysis was used to analysis of data with SPSS 19 software.
Results: The results showed that the mean score of Feeding Problems has reduced from 52/875 to 32/500. Also, the Effectiveness of intervention based of EE was significant on Aspiration Risk (P=0/012 & F=8/391), Selectivity (P=0/017 & F=7/445), Skills (P=0/006 & F=10/680), Refusal (P=0/030 & F=5/951) and Nutrition (P=0/028 & F=10/121).
Conclusions: The Intervention Based of Escape-Extinction can be causes decrease Feeding Disorders in children with intellectual disability. Therefore, it is recommended to utilize of this intervention for decrease Feeding Disorders in the rehabilitation centers.
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Received: 2017/11/25 | Accepted: 2018/02/24 | Published: 2018/02/24

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