Volume 29, Issue 104 (February 2017)                   IJN 2017, 29(104): 28-35 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sarayloo K, Mirzaei Najmabadi K, Ranjbar F, Behboodi Moghadam Z. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Domestic Violence against Pregnant Women. IJN. 2017; 29 (104) :28-35
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2388-en.html
Associate professor, Reproductive Health department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding author) Tel: 021-61054215 Email: behboodi@tuma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1450 Views)

Abstract

Background & Aims: Domestic violence during pregnancy can seriously threaten the physical and mental health of mother and baby and finally is a serious threat to public health. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and risk factors for domestic violence against pregnant women in an Iranian setting.

Material & Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, 300 pregnant women with the inclusion criteria were selected with Convenience sampling in Urban Health Center in Minoodasht,Golestan,Iran. In the present study we used the demographic questionnaire and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2). The researcher completed the questionnaires through structured interviews. Finally, the data were analyzed by using SPSS software version 18 and descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square, Exact Fisher and t-test).

Results: The prevalence of domestic violence was 46%. The most common type of violence was psychological (35%), physical (7/8%) and sexual (2/3 %) respectively. There was no significant relationship between age, education and occupation of women and their spouse with domestic violence. Unwanted pregnancy was significantly associated with the incidence of violence against women (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Because of negative effects of domestic violence during pregnancy, it is recommended that all health centers routinely screen the domestic violence especially in unwanted pregnancies.

Full-Text [PDF 716 kb]   (690 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2016/11/7 | Accepted: 2017/02/6 | Published: 2017/02/6

References
1. Kalani Z, Pourmovahed Z, Dehghani K. [Control of Risky behavior in marital relationship: Assessment and Intervention]. Toloo-E-Behdasht, 2009;8:(3-4).
2. Khosravi F, Hasheminasab L, ABD EM. [Study of the incidence and outcomes of domestic violence among pregnant women referring to childbirth unit of Sanandaj hospitals]. Urmia Med J 2008;19(1):8-14.
3. Moasheri N, Miri M, Abolhasannejad V, Hedayati H, Zangoie M. [Survey of prevalence and demographical dimensions of domestic violence against women in Birjand]. Modern Care Journal. 2012;9(1):32-9.
4. Mazza D, Dennerstein L, Garamszegi CV, Dudley EC. The physical, sexual and emotional violence history of middle-aged women: a community-based prevalence study. Med J Aust. 2001;175(4):199-201. [PMID]
5. Organization WH. WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence against women: summary report of initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women's responses. 2005. Available from: http://www.WHO.org/. 2006.
6. Bodaghabadi M. [Study of the pregnancy outcome in victims of domestic violence referring to Mobini hospital in Sabzevar, Iran]. Asrar, Journal of Sabzevar School of Medical Sciences. 2005;12:41-6.
7. Gazmararian JA, Lazorick S, Spitz AM, Ballard TJ, Saltzman LE, Marks JS. Prevalence of violence against pregnant women. JAMA. 1996;275(24):1915-20. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.275.24.1915 [DOI:10.1001/jama.1996.03530480057041] [PMID]
8. Bodaghabadi M. [Prevalence of violence and related factors in pregnant women referring to Shahid Mobini hospital, Sabzevar]. Bimonthly J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci. 2007;11(1):71-6.
9. Bullock L, Bloom T, Davis J, Kilburn E, Curry MA. Abuse Disclosure in Privately and Medicaid‐Funded Pregnant Women. J Midwifery Women Health. 2006;51(5):361-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jmwh.2006.02.012] [PMID]
10. Moraes CL, Amorim A, Reichenheim ME. Gestational weight gain differentials in the presence of intimate partner violence. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2006;95(3):254-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijgo.2006.08.015] [PMID]
11. Humphreys J, Campbell JC. Family violence and nursing practice: Springer Publishing Company; 2010.
12. Records K. A critical review of maternal abuse and infant outcomes: Implications for newborn nurses. Newborn Infant Nurs Rev. 2007;7(1):7-13. [DOI:10.1053/j.nainr.2006.12.005]
13. Lazenbatt A, Thompson-Cree ML, McMurray F. The use of exploratory factor analysis in evaluating midwives' attitudes and stereotypical myths related to the identification and management of domestic violence in practice. Midwifery. 2005;21(4):322-34. [DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2005.02.006] [PMID]
14. Bacchus L, Mezey G, Bewley S. Domestic violence: prevalence in pregnant women and associations with physical and psychological health. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2004;113(1):6-11. [DOI:10.1016/S0301-2115(03)00326-9]
15. Begum S, Dwivedi S, Pandey A, Mittal S. Association between domestic violence and unintended pregnancies in India: findings from the National Family Health Survey-2 data. Natr Med J India, ,2010;23(4).
16. Ardabily HE, Moghadam ZB, Salsali M, Ramezanzadeh F, Nedjat S. Prevalence and risk factors for domestic violence against infertile women in an Iranian setting. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2011;112(1):15-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.07.030] [PMID]
17. Johnson J, Haider F, Ellis K, Hay D, Lindow S. The prevalence of domestic violence in pregnant women. BJOG. 2003;110(3):272-5. [DOI:10.1046/j.1471-0528.2003.02216.x] [PMID]
18. Jeanjot I, Barlow P, Rozenberg S. Domestic violence during pregnancy: Survey of patients and healthcare providers. J Womens Health. 2008;17(4):557-67. [DOI:10.1089/jwh.2007.0639] [PMID]
19. Bakhtiari A, Omidbakhsh N. [Comparative study of contexts and the effects of domestic violence in women resorting to legal medical center in Bobol]. Journal of Behbood. 2003;19:28-36.
20. Hasheminasab L. [Assessment of prevalence, outcome and factors related to domestic physical violence in pregnant women referring to delivery departments of Sanandaj hospitals]. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 2007;11(4):32-41.
21. Kocacik F, Dogan O. Domestic violence against women in Sivas, Turkey: survey study. Croat Med J. 2006;47(5):742-9. [PMID] [PMCID]
22. Stephenson R, Koenig MA, Acharya R, Roy TK. Domestic violence, contraceptive use, and unwanted pregnancy in rural India. Stud Fam Plann. 2008;39(3):177-86. [DOI:10.1111/j.1728-4465.2008.165.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. Kaye DK, Mirembe FM, Bantebya G, Johansson A, Ekstrom AM. Domestic violence as risk factor for unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. Trop Med Int Health. 2006;11(1):90-101. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01531.x] [PMID]
24. Azevêdo ACdC, Araújo TVBd, Valongueiro S, Ludermir AB. Intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors. Cad Saude Publica. 2013;29(12):2394-404. [DOI:10.1590/0102-311X00161111]
25. Dolatian M, Gharache M, Ahmadi M, Shams J, Alavi Majd H. [Relationship between partner abuse during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes]. Bimonthly Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. 2010;13(4):261-9.
26. Karaoglu L, Celbis O, Ercan C, Ilgar M, Pehlivan E, Gunes G, et al. Physical, emotional and sexual violence during pregnancy in Malatya, Turkey. Eur J Public Health. 2006;16(2):149-56. [DOI:10.1093/eurpub/cki161] [PMID]
27. Martin SL, Tsui AO, Maitra K, Marinshaw R. Domestic violence in northern India. Am J Epidemiol. 1999;150(4):417-26 [DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a010021] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb