جلد 27، شماره 90 و 91 - ( آبان و دی 1393 )                   جلد 27 شماره 90 و 91 صفحات 120-130 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Soleymanha M, Salari A, Dashti K. Osteoporosis Knowledge, Attitude and Performance in over 45 Years Old Women. IJN. 2014; 27 (90 and 91) :120-130
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1926-fa.html
سلیمانها مهران، سالاری امیر، دشتی کبری. آگاهی، نگرش و عملکرد زنان بالای 45 سال در رابطه با پیشگیری از استئوپروز. نشریه پرستاری ایران. 1393; 27 (90 و 91) :120-130

URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1926-fa.html


دانشیار عضو هیئت علمی مرکز تحقیقات ارتوپدی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان، رشت، ایران (*نویسنده مسئول). شماره تماس: 013- 33113311Email: dr_msoleimanha@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (2455 مشاهده)

  چکیده

  زمینه و هدف: پوکی استخوان از جمله بیماری های پیشرونده­ای است که مشکلات زیادی را برای زنان ایجاد می کند. هدف از این مطالعه، تعیین سطح آگاهی، نگرش و عملکرد زنان بالای 45 سال مراجعه کننده به درمانگاه عمومی بیمارستان های پورسینا و رازی رشت در ارتباط با پیشگیری از استئوپروز بوده است.

  روش بررسی: پژوهش حاضر از نوع مقطعی و نمونه پژوهش 288 زن (شامل 125 نفر قبل از یائسگی از 45 سالگی تا 54 سالگی و 163 نفر بالای 54 سال و یائسه) می باشد که به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند. داده ها توسط پرسشنامه و از طریق خودگزارش دهی گردآوری شد. در تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 19 براساس آزمون کای اسکوئر استفاده شد.

  یافته ها: میانگین امتیاز در حیطه ی آگاهی8 (از 10 نمره)، حیطه ی نگرش5/4 (از 5 نمره) و حیطه ی عملکرد 3/2 (از 4 نمره) گزارش شد. با افزایش سطح تحصیلات، موقعیت های شغلی بهتر و محل زندگی، سطح آگاهی و نگرش افراد بهتر می شد (0001/0 = P ). همچنین این سطح خوب آگاهی در افراد با سن 45 تا 54 سال بیشتر بود (0001/0 = P ). وجود سابقه ی استئوپروز در خانواده یا خود شخص با عملکرد این زنان ارتباط داشت (001/0 = P ).

نتیجه گیری کلی: میزان آگاهی و نگرش زنان بالای 45 سال شهر رشت نسبت به استئوپروز در حد مطلوب ولی عملکرد آنان در قبال پیشگیری از این بیماری ضعیف است و نیاز به بررسی عوامل موثر دارد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: آگاهی، نگرش، عملکرد، پوکی استخوان، زنان
متن کامل [PDF 1294 kb]   (1005 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: پرستاری
دریافت: ۱۳۹۳/۶/۶ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۳/۹/۶ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۳/۹/۶

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