Volume 0, Number 14 and 15 (5-1996)                   IJN 1996, 0(14 and 15): 5-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafii F. Relationship between the usage of coping strategies and burnout as well as comparison of these variables among staff and practical nurses employed in burn and reconstructive hospitals of Tehran (1993). IJN. 1996; 0 (14 and 15) :5-14
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1189-en.html

Abstract:   (5070 Views)

This correlational study examined the

One interesting finding of this study was high sensitivity of dcpcrsonaliuuion dimension of burnout in relation to demographic: and independent variables. This findings suggested that there should be more attention

2 relationships between usage of coping strategies and burnout, as well as comparison of these variables among slaff and practical nurses employed in bum and reconstructive hospitals of Tehran.Because of the small size of study population, all ofstaff and practical nurses who had olle year or m ore work experience at hum units (36 staff and 66 practical nurses) have been participated ill the study. The instrument used was a questionnaire with three paris: 71,e first pari contain ed demographic and job related characteristics,' the second pari was the frequency and intensity dimension s of Maslach bumoUi inventory (Maslacll and jackson 1981) and the third part was Folkman and Lazarus ways of coping scale (revised, 1985). The results revealed that the mean emotional exhaustion and depersona lization frequency and intensity scores of two groups were in moderate range and the mean lack of personal accomplishment f requency and intensity scores of two groups were in high range. Filially results showed that , number of staff and practical "urses experienced burnout at high level , were more than staff OIl low and moderate levels. Findings also indicate that demographic and job related variables like age, sex , years in prapice , years in practice at bum units and shift work had significant relationships with frequency and intensity of the aspects of burnout. /11 this study there were no signi ficant differences between frequency and intensity of three dimensions of bumout and usage of coping strategies among two groups, but practical nurses hud used accepun g responsibility more than staff nurses. Findings revealed staff nurses who experienced increased levels of burnout used accepting responsibility find staff nurses who experienced decreased levels of hunlOlI/, used planjul problem solving. Additionally, practical nurses who experienced increased levels of bumOlll, used confrontive coping, distan cing, escape/ avoidance and accepting responsibility. The positive rctationship between phlllflil problem solving and reduced burnout levels, supports Ihe: theoretical framework of Lazarus am! Folkman. 10 the signs of this aspect of burn out in staf] and practical nurses working at hum units. Finally based OI l the findings suggestions for furthe r study were made.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2012/04/22 | Accepted: 2013/02/23 | Published: 2013/02/23

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