Volume 30, Issue 107 (August 2017)                   IJN 2017, 30(107): 10-19 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ashghali Farahani M, Shahryari M, Saremi M, Mohammadi N, Haghani H. Effectiveness of Patient Handling Training on Musculoskeletal Disorders of Nurses Assistance. IJN. 2017; 30 (107) :10-19
URL: http://ijn.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2476-en.html
Master of Nursing student, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. (*Corresponding Author) Tel: 09391742866 Email: mohamad_shahryari70@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (982 Views)
Abstract
Background & Aims: The main problem in hospitals that leads to spread the musculoskeletal disorders among staff is related to the activities that achieved in order to carry and dislocate the patients. Since training has an important role in development of nurse’s safety, this study has done to determine the effect of training about carrying patients on musculoskeletal disorders among nurses assistance.
Material & Methods: This study was a non randomize experimental-clinical (quasi-experimental) that nurses assistance were the samples of the study. The research environment included emergency, internal, surgical and parts of the selected educational centers of iran university of medical sciences. The number of participants in  the control and test group was 50, who were entered in to the study by using a complete sampling method. The data collection tools were demographic questionnaire and  the Nordic musculoskeletal disorders questionnaire that were completed by the participants before intervention and 3 months later. The training programme for experimental group was performed during 3 sessions in the form of lectures, role playing, practical exercises, group discussion, question and answer with the use of slides, show clips, training booklet about how to carry patients were presented. Then the data was analyzed with SPSS soft-ware version 16 and using descriptive statistical methods such as frequency,frequency percent,mean and standard deviation and inferential tests such as chi-square, independent t-test and Fisher test.
Results: Research results showed that frequency distribution musculoskeletal disorders in terms of pain and numbness in the experimental group before and after 3 months of training program intervention in the neck and shoulder (P=0/031) and back (P=0/008) organs, The difference was statistically significant. But compared with two groups control and experimental before and after the 3 month, musculoskeletal disorders only foot and ankle in nueses aid showed statistically significant statistical differences (P=0/006).
Conclusion: Although training program transport patients in this study only in reducing the frequency mean musculoskeletal disorders area of foot and ankle figure and failed to all musculoskeletal disorders , but these results could be due to the limitations need time to practice learned skills, a shortage of manpower, high workload and the lack of mechanical and electrical tools in the transportation of patients has arisen,and also the medical team staff still good enough and correct understanding of the importance of transport patients are not in need. As a result in addition to providing more effective training the abovementioned factors should also be considered. 
Full-Text [PDF 670 kb]   (228 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing
Received: 2017/05/2 | Accepted: 2017/08/8 | Published: 2017/08/8

References
1. Naidoo R, Coopoo Y. The health and fitness profiles of nurses in KwaZulu-Natal. Curationis. 2007;30(2):66-73. [DOI:10.4102/curationis.v30i2.1076] [PMID]
2. D'Arcy LP, Sasai Y, Stearns SC. Do assistive devices, training, and workload affect injury incidence? Prevention efforts by nursing homes and back injuries among nursing assistants. J Adv Nurs. 2012;68(4):836-45. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05785.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Meijsen P, Knibbe HJ. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of perioperative personnel in the Netherlands. AORN J. 2007;86(2):193-208. [DOI:10.1016/j.aorn.2007.07.011] [PMID]
4. Haghdoost AA, Hajihosseini F, Hojjati H. [Relationship between the musculoskeletal disorders with the ergonomic factors in nurses]. Koomesh. 2011;12(4):372-8..
5. Choobineh A. [Posture assessment methods in occupational ergonomics]. Hamedan: Fanavaran Publication. 2004.
6. Injuries NO, from Work IRDA. Bureau of Labor Statistics. US Dept of Labor. 2010.
7. Waters TR. When is it safe to manually lift a patient? AJN. 2007;107(8):53-8. [DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000282296.18688.b1] [PMID]
8. Bureau of Labor Statistics. US Department o f Labor. Injury, Illnesses, and Fatalities: Frequently Asked Questions, 2013;
9. Dehdashti A, Mahjoubi Z, Salarinia A. [Impact of nurse's work related body postures on their musculoskeletal disorders]. Koomesh. 2015:338-46.
10. Khosroabadi A, Razavi S, Fallahi M, Akaberi A. [The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in health-treatment employees at Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2008]. J Sabzevar Uni of Med Sci. 2010; 17(3): 218-23.
11. Abedini R, Choobineh A, Hasanzadeh J. [Ergonomics risk assessment of musculoskeletal disorders related to patient transfer operation among hospital nurses using PTAI technique]. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2013;25(80):75-84.
12. Karahan A, Bayraktar N. Determination of the usage of body mechanics in clinical settings and the occurrence of low back pain in nurses. Int J Nurs Stud. 2004;41(1):67-75. [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00083-X]
13. Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Koga H, Ishitake T. A detailed analysis of musculoskeletal disorder risk factors among Japanese nurses. Journal of safety research. 2006;37(2):195-200. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsr.2006.01.004] [PMID]
14. Menzel NN, Brooks SM, Bernard TE, Nelson A. The physical workload of nursing personnel: association with musculoskeletal discomfort. Int J Nurs Stud. 2004;41(8):859-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2004.03.012] [PMID]
15. Lovell C, Thomas D, Ameratunga S. Patient handling guidelines: formative evaluation of the pilot implementation. Auckland: IPRC. 2005; 201-18.
16. Rahmah M, Rozy J, Halim I, Jamsiah M, Shamsul A. Prevalence of back pain among nurses working in government health clinics and hospital in Port Dickson, Malaysia. J Commun Health. 2008;2:11-8.
17. Raeisi S, Hosseini M, Attarchi MS, Golabadi M, Rezaei MS, Namvar M. [The association between job type and ward of service of nursing personnel and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders]. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013;20(108):1-10.
18. Mohammadi GH, Zare M. [How safety in the prevention of occupational diseases of nurses in hospitals in Neyshabur]. Journal of nursing and midwifery Urmia nursing and midwifery scuniversity of medical sciences. 2006; 4 (4): 1-16.
19. Hartvigsen J, Lauritzen S, Lings S, Lauritzen T. Intensive education combined with low tech ergonomic intervention does not prevent low back pain in nurses. Occup Environ Med. 2005;62(1):13-7. [DOI:10.1136/oem.2003.010843] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Rassouli M, Zagheri Tafreshi M, Esmaeil M. [Challenges in clinical nursing education in Iran and strategies]. Clinical Excellence. 2014;2(1):11-22.
21. Cornish J, Jones A. Evaluation of moving and handling training for pre-registration nurses and its application to practice. Nurse Educ Pract. 2007;7(3):128-34. [DOI:10.1016/j.nepr.2006.04.010] [PMID]
22. Kuorinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Appl Ergon. 1987;18(3):233-7. [DOI:10.1016/0003-6870(87)90010-X]
23. Choobineh A, Rajaeefard A, Neghab M. [Perceived demands and musculoskeletal disorders among hospital nurses]. Hakim research journal. 2007;10(2):70-5.
24. Caspi CE, Dennerlein JT, Kenwood C, Stoddard AM, Hopcia K, Hashimoto D, et al. Results of a pilot intervention to improve health and safety for healthcare workers. J Occup Med. 2013;55(12):1449-55. [DOI:10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182a7e65a] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Bot SD, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, van der Beek AJ, Bouter LM, Dekker J. Work-related physical and psychosocial risk factors for sick leave in patients with neck or upper extremity complaints. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2007;80(8):733-41. [DOI:10.1007/s00420-007-0186-z] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Choobineh A, Lahmi M, Shahnavaz H, Khani Jazani R, Hosseini M. [Musculoskeletal symptoms as related to ergonomic factors in Iranian hand-woven carpet industry and general guidelines for workstation design]. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics. 2004;10(2):157-68. [DOI:10.1080/10803548.2004.11076604] [PMID]
27. Alexopoulos EC, Burdorf A, Kalokerinou A. A comparative analysis on musculoskeletal disorders between Greek and Dutch nursing personnel. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006;79(1):82-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00420-005-0033-z] [PMID]
28. Naslseraji J, Hosseini M, Shahtaheri J, Golbabaie F, Ghasemkhani M. [Dental practitioners ergonomic posture assessment method Birjand city REBA]. mjlh Dentistry Teh Univ of Med Sci Health Services.2005; 18(1): 20-7.
29. Rahimi A, Ahmadi F, Mullah M. [An Investigation into the Prevalence of Vertebral Column Pains among the Nurses Employed in Hamedan Hospitals, 2004]. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2005; 5(10): 20.
30. Khoshbakht M, Baghaie Lakeh M, Hasavari F, Blourchian M. [Evaluation of Body posture Ergonomyic during work in intensive care units‎ nurses in teaching hospitals of Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Rasht city‎ in‎‏ 2010]‏. Journal of Holistic Nursing And Midwifery. 2011;21(1):22-9.
31. Sorour AS, El-Maksoud MMA. Relationship between musculoskeletal disorders, job demands, and burnout among emergency nurses. Adv Emerg Nurs J. 2012;34(3):272-82. [DOI:10.1097/TME.0b013e31826211e1] [PMID]
32. Hodder J, MacKinnon S, Ralhan A, Keir P. Effects of training and experience on patient transfer biomechanics. Int J Ind Ergon. 2010;40(3):282-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ergon.2010.01.007]
33. Saremi M, Lahmi M, Fahgihzadeg S .[Effectiveness of interventions impact on musculoskeletal disorders in dentists]. Two monthly sci res uni shahed. 2006; 13(64): 55-62.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Iran Journal of Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb